India's Green Revolution: Economic Gains and Political Costs

India's Green Revolution: Economic Gains and Political Costs

Copyright Date: 1971
Pages: 246
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    India's Green Revolution: Economic Gains and Political Costs
    Book Description:

    The success of the agricultural policy adopted in 1965 has given India the hope of escaping from its circle of poverty. At the same time the increased rate of economic development seems to have exacerbated social tensions and accentuated disparities that may eventually undermine the foundations of rural political stability.

    Originally published in 1971.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-6902-2
    Subjects: Business

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Acknowledgments
    (pp. v-viii)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. ix-1)
  4. [Map]
    (pp. 2-2)
  5. 1. Introduction
    (pp. 3-11)

    During the first three five-year plans, India’s approach to agricultural development was characterized by a commitment to two co-equal, yet often irreconcilable goals: the economic aim of achieving maximum increases in agricultural output to support rapid industrialization; and the social objective of reducing disparities in rural life.

    One of the most difficult dilemmas arose from the obvious economic advantage of concentrating scarce inputs of improved seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, and equipment in irrigated areas of the country where they could be expected to bring the greatest returns in output. Indeed, the selection of the first Community Projects in 1952 was guided...

  6. 2. Ludhiana, Punjab
    (pp. 12-46)

    No State is more closely identified with the gains of the green revolution than Punjab, and within Punjab, no district is more enthusiastically advanced as a model for emulation—by other parts of the region and the country—than Ludhiana. There are a number of sound achievements behind this enthusiasm. On virtually all indices of agricultural modernization Ludhiana has scored spectacular progress. Even to cite the statistical record, a dull but obligatory exercise in empirical studies, is, in the case of Ludhiana to make an eloquent statement of the agricultural transformation occurring in the district. Among the most striking changes...

  7. 3. West Godavary, Andhra Pradesh
    (pp. 47-80)

    Situated to the west of the Godavary River which runs the length of the district, the delta areas of West Godavary contain some of the most fertile lands in Andhra Pradesh. Except for the small sandy coastal belt along the Bay of Bengal to the south, rich alluvial and black soils occur throughout the district. Government canals branching off from the Godavary Anicut have brought irrigation water to more than half the cultivated area since the middle of the nineteenth century.

    The richness of the deltaic tract accounted for the selection of West Godavary as one of the first intensive...

  8. 4. Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu
    (pp. 81-118)

    A predominantly delta area lying along the coast of the Bay of Bengal, Thanjavur is the proverbial “rice bowl” in Tamil Nadu State. One of fourteen districts, it alone accounts for nearly one-fourth of the total acreage under paddy and more than a quarter of the total output of paddy.

    Historically, the area has been benefited by the availability of natural flow irrigation from a number of rivers which pass through the region. The largest of these, the Cauvery, has a length of 500 miles from its source in neighboring Mysore State to its outlet in eastern Thanjavur. Altogether the...

  9. 5. Palghat, Kerala
    (pp. 119-156)

    Situated in central Kerala, Palghat is an area of great natural diversity. The lowlands, a narrow coastal strip on the western boundary at the edge of the Arabian Sea is a region of lagoons and coconut palms, and fields cultivated under paddy. The midlands, an extensive area of plains and valleys to the east is more agriculturally diversified, having substantial acreage under pepper vine, arecanut, coconut, and a variety of other commercial crops in addition to paddy. The highlands, a hilly expanse of forests, jungles, and mountains stretching to the border with Tamil Nadu, is bounded by the Western Ghats,...

  10. 6. Burdwan, West Bengal
    (pp. 157-190)

    Burdwan district shares many problems of areas singled out for intensive development on the basis of favorable agronomic features. A region of high annual rainfall and fertile alluvial soil located in the Gangetic plain of central West Bengal, in 1961 Burdwan supported a population of over three million persons on an area of 2,705 square miles and had one of the highest population densities in India: 1,139 persons per square mile. The overwhelming majority of persons, 83 percent, lived in rural areas.¹ Although Burdwan is a major rice producing district in the state, in 1961 there was little more than...

  11. 7. Conclusions
    (pp. 191-216)

    It is always dubious to make broad generalizations about economic and social change on the basis of a few, selected district studies. It is all the more risky with respect to India, where conditions differ not only from district to district but block to block and even village to village. Nevertheless, the case studies presented here gain some credibility as a mirror of emerging relationships between agricultural modernization and social change from the strong resemblances they reflect of the impact of modern technology on rural income distribution and socioeconomic relations over widely separated parts of the country.

    At least the...

  12. Glossary
    (pp. 219-226)
  13. Appendix A: Conversion Ratios for Indian Currency, Weights and Measures
    (pp. 227-228)
  14. Index
    (pp. 229-232)
  15. Back Matter
    (pp. 233-236)