Pioneers of a Peaceable Kingdom: The Quaker Peace Testimony from the Colonial Era to the First World War

Pioneers of a Peaceable Kingdom: The Quaker Peace Testimony from the Colonial Era to the First World War

Copyright Date: 1968
Pages: 398
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  • Book Info
    Pioneers of a Peaceable Kingdom: The Quaker Peace Testimony from the Colonial Era to the First World War
    Book Description:

    Extracted fromPacifism in the United States, this work focuses on the significant contribution of the Quakers to the history of pacifism in the United States.

    Originally published in 1971.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-6750-9
    Subjects: Religion

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Preface
    (pp. vii-viii)
    Peter Brock
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. Introduction
    (pp. xi-2)

    On the North American continent pacifism, the renunciation of war by the individual, represented at first a transplantation into these new and open territories of an attitude that had originated among religious groups in the European homeland. Antimilitarism and the refusal to participate personally in any warlike activity formed, as it were, part of the intellectual baggage brought over the ocean by emigrants from their midst. The attempt to maintain these ideas, the transmutations and accretions that resulted from life in a new and often strange environment, and the eventual widening of the ideal of peace held by these sects...

  5. Chapter 1 The Society of Friends in the Colonial Period outside Pennsylvania
    (pp. 3-62)

    The peace testimony of the colonial Quakers was, we have seen, as much an outgrowth of the parent society in Britain as were the other elements of the faith, which the “First Publishers of Truth” brought with them on their journey across the ocean. This Anglo-American Quaker connection remained lively and close well into the nineteenth century. Yet, despite the manifold similarities in belief and practice, the peace witness of the colonial Quakers was never an exact reflection of that of Friends back in Britain, for in this New World the Quaker pioneers, like their fellow citizens of other faiths,...

  6. Chapter 2 The Pacifist as Magistrate: The Holy Experiment in Quaker Pennsylvania
    (pp. 63-114)

    William Perm’s colony on the banks of the Delaware was intended to be a “Holy Experiment” in the wilderness, a Quaker Eden almost, set down in the forests of a new and scarcely explored continent. Hopes were high at the beginning that here at last God’s children, after fighting valiantly in the Lamb’s War back in the Old World, might establish a peaceable kingdom where Friends could dwell in amity with each other and with the rest of the world. And that world too, it was still believed, would eventually be won over to the Quaker faith. Pennsylvania, as the...

  7. Chapter 3 Quaker Pennsylvania: The Crisis of 1756 and Its Aftermath
    (pp. 115-140)

    The death in 1750 of John Kinsey—clerk of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting for the previous twenty years, speaker of the Pennsylvania assembly since 1739, and chief justice of the provincial supreme court after 1743—symbolized the passing of an epoch: the era of close integration of the affairs of meetinghouse and political assembly. True, Kinsey had engaged in some rather dubious financial transactions during his lifetime, including misappropriation of public funds¹ (conduct that was, indeed, not at all uncommon for a British politician reared in the age of Walpole yet was extremely unseemly for a Quaker dignitary). Nevertheless, Kinsey was,...

  8. Chapter 4 Quakers and the American Revolution
    (pp. 141-216)

    For all but one of the English-speaking provinces of the North American mainland the Revolutionary War brought the transition from colonial status to independence. This change was at first opposed officially by the Society of Friends and by a considerable proportion of those who remained members. Their opposition was based upon two grounds. First, and most fundamental, was Friends’ rejection of the method of war and their personal objection to taking part in it, which prevented them from giving support to a cause that was being pressed by resort to arms. All those who remained in the Society, after it...

  9. Chapter 5 The Quaker Peace Testimony, 1783-1861
    (pp. 217-272)

    Seventy-eight years passed between the end of the Revolutionary War and the outbreak of the war between the states. These years saw immense changes in every aspect of the new nations affairs. Economic life was revolutionized; political institutions and parties were molded and remolded; social customs were transformed; new and vital intellectual trends sprang up among the educated; the religion of all classes was swept by the fires of revival and the cold winds of skepticism. Inside the three major American peace sects important developments were taking place, too. Some were beneficial to the health and well-being of these groups;...

  10. Chapter 6 The Quakers in the Civil War
    (pp. 273-339)

    The story of the Quakers during the Civil War period has been told on more than one occasion. Edward Needles Wright, for instance, devoted the greater part of his study onConscientious Objectors in the Civil War(1931)¹ to the stand of the Society of Friends, while back at the end of the last century the Quaker minister, Fernando G. Cartland, compiled an artless yet moving account of the trials and tribulations of Friends under the Confederacy with the titleSouthern Heroes(1895). That there were many Friends who took the traditional conscientious objector position of their Society and that...

  11. Chapter 7 The Quaker Peace Testimony, 1865-1914
    (pp. 340-358)

    Almost half a century elapsed between Appomattox and the firing of the guns of August 1914. Although the war in Europe appeared to have its roots in events remote from the North American continent, it involved the United States as an active combatant within three years of its outbreak. The First World War ultimately proved to be a landmark in American history, almost as much as it did in the history of the rest of the world. Within the narrower limits of the peace movement, too, we find that 1914 marked for both its pacifist and nonpacifist wings a turning...

  12. Bibliography
    (pp. 359-374)
  13. Index
    (pp. 375-382)