Crises and Sequences in Political Development. (SPD-7)

Crises and Sequences in Political Development. (SPD-7)

Leonard Binder
James S. Coleman
Joseph LaPalombara
Lucian W. Pye
Sidney Verba
Myron Weiner
Copyright Date: 1971
Pages: 338
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  • Book Info
    Crises and Sequences in Political Development. (SPD-7)
    Book Description:

    Contents: I. "Crises of Political Development," Leonard Binder. II. "The Development Syndrome: Differentiation- Equality-Capacity," James S. Colcman. III. "Identity and the Political Culture," Lucian W. Pye. IV. "The Legitimacy Crisis," Lucian W. Pye. V. "Political Participation: Crisis of the Political Process," Myron Weiner. VI. "Penetration: A Crisis of Governmental Capacity," Joseph LaPalombara. VII. "Distribution: A Crisis of Resource Management," Joseph LaPalombara. VIII. "Sequences and Development," Sidney Verba. Index.

    Originally published in 1974.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-6737-0
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
    (pp. vii-x)
    Lucian W. Pye

    This seventh volume in the series of Studies in Political Development constitutes a phase in a continuing research endeavor by members of the Committee on Comparative Politics of the Social Science Research Council. The effort began in the summer of 1963 at a workshop sponsored by the Committee at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Palo Alto. Our focus at that time was on conceptualizing political systems, identifying their universal functions, and describing the processes of political modernization and development.

    By the end of the workshop we had systematically reviewed contemporary usages of the notions of...

  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. xi-2)
  4. CHAPTER 1 The Crises of Political Development
    (pp. 3-72)

    For nearly ten generations Western man has been concerned with understanding and controlling the changing of his condition and circumstances. That the occurrence of change should require any special understanding is not immediately self-evident. The simple awareness of change does not appear to be a matter of significant rarity. Continuity and stability are ancient desiderata whose worth must depend upon the comprehension if not the experience of change. Surely the law of opposites applies here. Stability would not be valued if change were not known. What does appear to be significant, even if in no measurable sense, are two characteristics...

  5. CHAPTER 2 The Development Syndrome: Differentiation-Equality-Capacity
    (pp. 73-100)

    The process of political development has tended to be viewed from three main perspectives—the historical, the typological, and the evolutionary. From thehistoricalperspective political development refers to the totality of changes in political culture and structure associated with the major transformative processes of social and economic modernization first unleashed in Western Europe in the sixteenth century and which subsequently have spread, unevenly and incompletely, throughout the world. Thetypologicalperspective envisages the process as a movement from a postulated pre-modern “traditional” polity to a post-traditional “modern” (or developed) polity, the polar types being characterized either by descriptive traitlists...

  6. CHAPTER 3 Identity and the Political Culture
    (pp. 101-134)

    In the preceding chapter James Coleman has explored the complex dynamics of what we have chosen to call the development syndrome; and he had the occasion to observe that political development does not usually involve an orderly sequencing of events, but rather that there are constant stress and strain among the demands for equality, the processes of differentiation, and the need for greater capacity. Modernization also involves a ceaseless straining and tugging between the developmental processes and the requirement that the political system maintain itself as an effective integrated system capable of performing the universal functions basic to all political...

  7. CHAPTER 4 The Legitimacy Crisis
    (pp. 135-158)

    We have noted that the problems of identity and legitimacy are closely related and in many respects overlap. In stable systems the basic political socialization process that gives a people a sense of identity also provides a recognition of the legitimate scope of all forms of acceptable authority in the system. Conversely a people may, through coming to accept the legitimacy of particular structures and authorities, develop a sense of their national identity.

    There is, however, a clear distinction between the identity and legitimacy crises. A people may have an unambiguous sense of their unique identity as a national community...

  8. CHAPTER 5 Political Participation: Crisis of the Political Process
    (pp. 159-204)

    Modernization generates pressures for political participation. One of the most disruptive crises in modern times has been caused by the efforts of those not in power to gain access to power or to influence decisions made by governing elites. The transformations from monarchy to republic, from colonial rule to independence, from no party to party systems, from limited to universal adult suffage, and from dictatorship to democracy have all meant new relationships between the citizen and the state and new forms of political participation. This is not to say that the widening of political participation is inevitable in the modern...

  9. CHAPTER 6 Penetration: A Crisis of Governmental Capacity
    (pp. 205-232)

    The crisis of penetration, like that of distribution, relates primarily to certain changes in governmental performance and to certain kinds of outputs of the political system. Although these changes also involve psychological dimensions—and certainly bear directly on more psychologically rooted crises like identity and legitimacy—they turn our attention to more specific institutional arrangements and their modification (or lack thereof) through time. In the broadest sense all crises, conceived as sharp breaks with traditional processes, challenge the capability of an existing governing elite, and indeed such challenges in each of the crisis areas we discuss place pressure on the...

  10. CHAPTER 7 Distribution: A Crisis of Resource Management
    (pp. 233-282)

    In the broadest sense all of the problems of governance may be considered distribution problems that may or may not reach crisis proportions. This would certainly be suggested by Easton’s definition of the political process, indeed of the “political system” as the “authoritative allocation of values.”¹ Easton, like Parsons and others, seeks among other things to distinguish politics from economics, and he notes that while political allocation may have to do with the full range of values in a society, it is the “authoritative” aspect of certain decisions regarding such allocations that places them in the sphere of politics. Harold...

  11. CHAPTER 8 Sequences and Development
    (pp. 283-316)

    The chapters in this volume have presented a framework for the study of political development.¹ It is a framework that the present authors have found most useful as a way of giving order to what often seems an inherently disorderly subject—the historical processes by which nation-states (or political systems, if one prefers a more abstract formulation) have developed over time. The chapters intend to illustrate the usefulness of the framework. It is, however, a framework for the study of political development, not yet a theory; that is, it directs one’s attention to certain significant phenomena and the relationships among...

    (pp. 317-318)
  13. INDEX
    (pp. 319-326)