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Temporality and Trinity

Temporality and Trinity

Peter Manchester
Copyright Date: 2015
Published by: Fordham University Press
Pages: 192
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  • Book Info
    Temporality and Trinity
    Book Description:

    Temporality and Trinity argues that there is deep homology between the roles of temporal problematic in Augustine's On Trinity and Heidegger's Being and Time. Although Heidegger was aware of On Trinity, the claim is not that he writes under its influence. Rather, Manchester moves from the temporal problematic of Being and Time to the psychological explication of the human image of God in On Trinity, schematized as memory, understanding, and will. Formal and phenomenological parallels allow interpretation of that psychological triad as a temporal problematic in the manner of Being and Time. In a sense, this is to read Augustine as influenced by Heidegger. But the aim is more constructive than that. Establishing a link between trinitarian theology and Being and Time opens a more direct way of benefiting from it in theology than Heidegger's own assumptions. It puts philosophy in a position to confront New Testament theology directly, in its own historicality, without digression into anything like philosophy of religion.

    eISBN: 978-0-8232-6574-9
    Subjects: Religion

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of Abbreviations
    (pp. vii-x)
  4. Introduction
    (pp. 1-7)

    HEIDEGGER INBEING AND TIMEpositions himself in theology expertly, and often profoundly. It is no longer out of the question to look for theological implications in the Heidegger of that period. But it has not yet been widely recognized that the ecstatic-horizonal temporality of chapters 3 and 4 of the second division, which “arrives at the last minute” as Theodore Kisiel puts it,¹ has a theological background, and its particular dogmatic context has hardly been noticed at all.

    That background is Augustine’s treatiseOn Trinity.More precisely, it is the structure of its temporal problematic, which is trinitarian. As...

  5. 1. The Temporal Problematic of Being and Time
    (pp. 8-60)

    THERE IS PARALYZING CONFUSION about what the temporal problematic of Martin Heidegger’sBeing and Timeactually is. “Ecstatichorizonal temporality” is of fundamental importance for the treatise. About that there is no uncertainty at all. But there is no wide agreement as to how that importance is to be identified. How temporality, the theme of Division Two of the published work, coheres with the phenomenology of being-in-the-world in Division One, remains an open question.

    I will address features of the published work itself that contribute to this confusion shortly. But I must fi rst confront the question why, given that we...

  6. 2. The Temporality of Trinity in Augustine
    (pp. 61-120)

    THE WORD “TRINITY” is simply Latin for “triad.” The title of Augustine’s treatise on the topic is “on triad” (de trinitate). He does not capitalizetrinitas,and if he needs to be understood as speaking of God, he has to stipulatetrinitas quae deus est.Much of the philosophical work in this treatise, taking place in books VIII through XIV of the fifteen, is concerned with a trinity in human being. As alive in this trinity, human being is theimago dei,image of God, and it was Augustine’s historic innovation to insist that being created in the image of...

  7. 3. Trinity in the New Testament
    (pp. 121-154)

    SOMETHING IS A REVELATION only if it is revealing. Revelation is not a status but an impact.

    The New Testament is an especially instructive instance of a revelation because it transpires to such a large extent in writing.

    There continues to be rich and productive research into what happens when a living oral tradition passes over into documentation. But that belongs to historical research, and historical research is not the focus of this book. I am not proposing, for example, to contribute to the recovery of the historical Jesus.

    As a revelation, the New Testament is not a depository of...

    (pp. 155-158)