EU development cooperation

EU development cooperation: From model to symbol

Karin Arts
Anna K. Dickson
Copyright Date: 2004
Pages: 172
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  • Book Info
    EU development cooperation
    Book Description:

    It is increasingly recognised that EU development cooperation policy has failed to meet its stated aims. In this book, available for the first time in paperback, Arts and Dickson ask the obvious and important question: if the policy doesn’t work, why bother with it? The authors assess why EU development policy has become largely ineffective, citing among the external causal factors the liberalisation of trade, and the growing influence of US and international actors such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund upon EU policy. It also considers contributing factors within the EU such as the enlargement of its membership and the resulting shifts in priorities. It is this analysis of internal and external factors affecting the decline of EU development policy that makes this study both innovative and unique. It brings together an impressive range of contributors from different disciplines resulting in a thorough and intelligent assessment of the debate. This study will appeal to advanced level undergraduates and academics of European politics in general, EU integration, development studies, and International Relations.

    eISBN: 978-1-84779-070-5
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-v)
  3. Notes on contributors
    (pp. vi-vii)
  4. Acknowledgements
    (pp. viii-ix)
    Karin Arts and Anna K. Dickson
  5. List of abbreviations
    (pp. x-xii)
  6. 1 EU development cooperation: from model to symbol?
    (pp. 1-16)
    Karin Arts and Anna K. Dickson

    At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the European Union (EU) stands out as an important regional organisation. It entertains formalised relations with almost all other (groups of) states. Although much of its attention is devoted to internal integration, obviously the European Union cannot and does not wish to be an isolated entity. Instead it has expressed the desire and ambition to take up a prominent place in the working of international relations. In addition to the general goal of forging good relations with (potential) political and economic partners across the globe, the Union also wishes to use its place...

  7. 2 From uniqueness to uniformity? An assessment of EU development aid policies
    (pp. 17-41)
    William Brown

    European Union development cooperation stretches back as far as the EU itself but for many years its most visible and important component was the relationship with the ACP states institutionalised in the Lomé Convention. Right from its inception, the Lomé Convention was claimed to be unique, either because of the formal terms of the agreement, the context in which it was first negotiated or – the focus of this chapter – because of the particular modalities of the aid which it provided for ACP states. None have been keener to trumpet the unique character of the relationship than the partner...

  8. 3 The unimportance of trade preferences
    (pp. 42-59)
    Anna K. Dickson

    In 1975 the EU operated a pyramid of preference in terms of market access and disbursement of development assistance to non-member states. The ACP countries were at the top of this pyramid, enjoying the most preferred status in the EU market for their exports, including duty free access for all industrial products and 80 per cent of agricultural exports. In addition there were special Protocols for bananas, sugar, beef and rum which guaranteed access to the EU market for specific quotas of these products.

    It is now argued that the ACP no longer occupies this position, or at least that...

  9. 4 The ACP in the European Union’s network of regional relationships: still unique or just one in the crowd?
    (pp. 60-79)
    Karen E. Smith

    This chapter analyses the European Union’s relations with five broad regional groupings: the ACP countries, the Mediterranean, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe. The Union prefers to deal with third countries collectively. It lays out regional strategies, sets up aid programmes on a regional basis and concludes specific kinds of agreement with countries in a particular region. The EU has important bilateral relationships with industrialised countries (notably the United States), but most of the developing countries that the EU deals with fall into one of the five groupings considered here.

    This regional focus dates from the Community’s beginnings and its...

  10. 5 Changing European concerns: security and complex political emergencies instead of development
    (pp. 80-100)
    Gorm Rye Olsen

    In February 2000, the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union, Javier Solana, declared:

    The European Union is the only institution in the world which has all the instruments to cover all aspects of crisis management – both the military and the civilian ones. We can handle humanitarian missions, economic aid, trade initiatives, police deployments and military actions and when everything has fallen into place, we will be the most complete organisation for crisis management. (Solana, 2000a: 13)

    And, Mr Solana continued: ‘the EU has at its disposal crucial instruments for conducting a credible...

  11. 6 Changing interests in EU development cooperation: the impact of EU membership and advancing integration
    (pp. 101-112)
    Karin Arts

    This chapter examines two main lines of developmentswithinthe European Union that have affected the geographical scope of, political priority for, and substantive orientation of, its development cooperation policy. They are, respectively, the changes in EU membership over time and the ever advancing European integration process. These two processes functioned both as incentives and as restraining factors for the elaboration of EU development cooperation policy and programmes. This chapter shows that their overall impact on development policy has been significant, especially since the 1990s. In particular, (prospects of) expanding EU membership, Constituent Treaty changes, the Common Foreign and Security...

  12. 7 ‘Sense and sensibility’: the role of France and French interests in European development policy since 1957
    (pp. 113-132)
    Anne-Sophie Claeys

    Since 1957, France has been heavily involved in the definition and implementation of a European development policy. It has considered this to be a way to maintain French interests and influence over Africa, while sharing the costs of such a policy with the other EU member states. More recently, the French approach towards European development policy has been challenged by the enlargement of the European Union, reforms in the Commission and international factors such as the growing role of the international financial institutions and the end of the Cold War. These changes simultaneously contribute to a process of reshaping French...

  13. 8 The Commission and development policy: bureaucratic politics in EU aid – from the Lomé leap forward to the difficulties of adapting to the twenty-first century
    (pp. 133-148)
    Adrian Hewitt and Kaye Whiteman

    From the time that a united Europe was a gleam in the eye of Jean Monnet to the signing of the Treaty of Rome in 1957, the institution of the Commission was central to the European idea. Rather than just a European civil service or a think-tank, it was also intended to be the motor of European unity. Much of the subsequent debate on how to take Europe forward has been around the role the Commission might or might not play. And, when it has seemed to be stagnating, there has been a wringing of hands by Europeanists over the...

  14. 9 Conclusions: the potential and limits of EU development cooperation policy
    (pp. 149-152)
    Karin Arts and Anna K. Dickson

    On 23 June 2000 the Cotonou Agreement was signed, replacing the twenty-five-year-old Lomé Convention. There was a distinct feeling of change in Cotonou and the new Agreement is seen as radically overhauling its predecessors and setting a new basis for partnership between the ACP and EU states. It is too early to provide in-depth analysis of the Cotonou Agreement, not least because in many ways Cotonou provides a kind of interregnum between the existing Lomé Conventions and future, as yet to be determined, Regional Economic Partnership Agreements. This is most obvious in the case of the trade-related aspects of the...

  15. Index
    (pp. 153-156)