Delinquency, Development, and Social Policy

Delinquency, Development, and Social Policy

David Brandt
Copyright Date: 2006
Published by: Yale University Press
Pages: 192
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  • Book Info
    Delinquency, Development, and Social Policy
    Book Description:

    In this book, David E. Brandt examines the legal, psychological, and cultural issues relevant to understanding antisocial behavior in adolescence. Based on his own research and a broad analysis of recent work in the field, Brandt identifies the factors that are common in cases of delinquency.

    The discussion considers the long-term effects of social issues such as poverty as well as psychological issues such as the high levels of stress and anxiety suffered during childhood by many delinquents. He shows how a failure to meet the developmental needs of children-at both the family level and at a broader social and political level-is at the core of the problem of juvenile delinquency. Brandt concludes with an inquiry into how best to prevent delinquency. Programs that address the developmental needs of children, Brandt argues, are more effective than policing, juvenile courts, or incarceration.

    eISBN: 978-0-300-12777-5
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-viii)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. ix-x)
  3. Series Foreword
    (pp. xi-xii)

    Current Perspectives in Psychology presents the latest discoveries and developments across the spectrum of the psychological and behavioral sciences. The series explores such important topics as learning, intelligence, trauma, stress, brain development and behavior, anxiety, interpersonal relationships, education, child rearing, divorce and marital discord, and child, adolescent, and adult development. Each book focuses on critical advances in research, theory, methods, and applications and is designed to be accessible and informative to nonspecialists and specialists alike.

    In this book, Dr. David Brandt presents key issues concerning delinquency. The topics include a statement of what delinquency is, what is known about the...

  4. Preface
    (pp. xiii-xvi)
  5. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xvii-xx)
  6. 1 Definitions and Measures
    (pp. 1-17)

    When he was just fifteen years old, barely shaving, Bryan was charged by the police in a large urban city with the following crimes: murder in the second degree, robbery in the first degree, burglary in the first degree, and criminal possession of a weapon in the first and second degree. He lived with his mother, who suffered from AIDS and bone cancer, an older brother, and a cousin. Bryan had had academic problems dating from the beginning of his school career. He was frequently truant and was diagnosed as having attention deficit disorder, conduct disorder, and a learning disability....

  7. 2 Childhood and Delinquency
    (pp. 18-45)

    Mark was fifteen when he took part in a car jacking. When the victim resisted, Mark shot him, and as a result the victim was paralyzed below the waist. Mark is an adopted child whose parents both work. He began having difficulties at school in the first grade. Hyperactive and disruptive in class, he was diagnosed as having attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and prescribed Ritalin, a drug commonly used for controlling hyperactivity in children. Failing in school, he eventually stopped attending when he was fourteen.

    Mark’s parents were divorced. The marriage had been difficult and angry. The father was an...

  8. 3 Adolescence and Delinquency
    (pp. 46-69)

    Daryl has an extensive delinquent history. At age thirteen he threatened another boy in his neighborhood with a knife and stole money from him. The following year, with a group of other boys, he tried to steal a bicycle from a grownup in the park, for which he was charged with attempted grand larceny and attempted robbery. At fourteen, he was arrested for car theft but the charges were dropped because of insufficient evidence. When he was fifteen he was arrested for selling crack to an undercover police officer and, later the same year, his mother filed a complaint saying...

  9. 4 Social Response: Rehabilitation and Retribution
    (pp. 70-106)

    At the age of fourteen, Marco was arrested and held in jail after he was accused of sexually molesting his seven-year-old sister. He admitted to the charge and apologized to his family. Even though he had no prior offenses, he was nonetheless charged as an adult. In Arizona the law mandates a minimum of five years in prison for sex offenders. He was placed in the only adult prison in Arizona that accepts juveniles, a facility that has no treatment program for juvenile sex offenders. The psychologist who evaluated him said that he was in need of treatment and that...

  10. 5 Preventing Juvenile Delinquency
    (pp. 107-130)

    According to the police report, two witnesses saw Freddie along with two other teenagers assault and rob another adolescent. Following this attack the witnesses stated that they observed the three boys approach another victim but didn’t actually observe an attack in that instance. The first victim, who had apparently been drinking, ultimately died from his injuries. Freddie admitted to attacking the victim but denied that robbery was the motive. He said that the attack was motivated by revenge, a “payback” for an attack on another youth. He was charged with felony murder. Freddie had prior juvenile offenses. When he was...

  11. 6 Summary and Conclusions
    (pp. 131-144)

    According to an article in theNew York Timesdated June 15, 2003, a sixteen-year-old California adolescent was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. The defendant was fourteen years old when, along with a twenty-nine-year-old accomplice, he kidnapped a businessman and shot at the police with an assault rifle during a chase. Fortunately, no one was injured. His lawyer pointed out that his client had only second-grade reading and math skills, that he had a traumatic family life, and had only a minor criminal history. There is no question that what this young man did was...

  12. Further Reading
    (pp. 145-146)
  13. References
    (pp. 147-156)
  14. Index
    (pp. 157-164)