China's Pan-Pearl River Delta

China's Pan-Pearl River Delta: Regional Cooperation and Development

Yeh Anthony G. O.
Xu Jiang
Copyright Date: 2011
Pages: 264
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  • Book Info
    China's Pan-Pearl River Delta
    Book Description:

    Cities and regions in Asia are facing problems that cannot be adequately managed by traditional urban planning. Competition and local protectionism have often hindered infrastructural development and regional integration. In southern China, an area embracing one-fifth of China and one-third of its population, the economies and societies of nine provinces, together with Hong Kong and Macao, face many barriers to regional collaboration. Fiscal regulatory conflicts, land and housing reform, and bottlenecks in immigration and transport have stymied efforts to develop infrastructure that could spur economic growth and greater prosperity for the entire region. This book examines regional integration and its barriers in southern China in a comparative framework using perspectives on development and globalization from Europe and North America. With its contributions from leading researchers and practitioners in the field, the book will appeal to students, academics and policymakers interested in urban and regional planning, geography, sociology, public administration and development studies.

    eISBN: 978-988-8053-43-8
    Subjects: Business

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of Figures
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. List of Tables
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. List of Contributors
    (pp. xi-xvi)
  6. Acknowledgements
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
  7. 1 Regional Cooperation in Chinaʹs Transitional Economy
    (pp. 1-12)
    Yeh Anthony G. O. and Xu Jiang

    This book has its origins in the Conference on Regional Cooperation and Infrastructure Construction held at the University of Hong Kong in June 2008. In a time of increasing global competition and rising urban entrepreneurialism, regional cooperation provides opportunities to overcome the negative effects of political fragmentation in regional and mega-city development. ‘Region fever’ is generating considerable excitement, as witnessed by the increased research interest in the theoretical and methodological issues surrounding regional cooperation and governance. Although regional cooperation has also become an important development issue in China, with increased discussion focusing on such regions as the Greater Pearl River...

  8. Part I: International Experience and China’s Context
    • 2 Strategic Planning and Regional Governance in Europe: Recent Trends in Strategic Planning and Responses to Address Emerging Issues and Problems
      (pp. 15-42)
      Louis Albrechts

      Major developments in Europe have led to significant challenges related to growing complexity (the rise of new technologies, changes in production processes, the crisis of representative democracy, diversity, the globalization of culture and the economy); increasing concern about the rapid and apparently random course of development; fragmentation problems; population ageing; increased interest in environmental issues; the rise of the environmental movement; the long-standing quest for better coordination (both horizontal and vertical); the re-emphasis on the need for long-term thinking; and the aim to return to a more realistic and effective method of strategic planning (Albrechts 2001, 2004, 2006). It has...

    • 3 Rebuilding and Renewing America: A Twenty-First Century National Infrastructure Investment Plan for the United States
      (pp. 43-62)
      Robert D. Yaro

      America faces a host of challenges in the coming century, all of which will have profound impacts on the nation’s future growth and development. Global economic restructuring, rising fuel and household costs, climate change and deteriorating infrastructure all require strategies to maximize the nation’s continued prosperity, opportunity and quality of life.

      In the face of these challenges, though, America is flying blind. No national strategy exists to build and manage the infrastructure systems needed to sustain inclusive economic growth and our competitive position in the global economy, and to secure a healthy environment for our children and grandchildren.

      Our global...

    • 4 Regional Cooperation in Chinaʹs Administrative Region Economy: Its Links with Pan-Pearl River Delta Development
      (pp. 63-78)
      Liu Junde

      The forces of globalization have led to cross-boundary cooperation worldwide. China has experienced exceptional economic growth since implementing economic reforms 30 years ago, and the country’s significance on the world stage is increasingly recognized. At the same time, inter-regional competition and conflicts are becoming increasingly evident within China’s borders, which has led to the unusual phenomenon of the ‘administrative region economy’ (ARE) and, in turn, given rise to regional imbalance. The focal point for scholars and governments, both within China and internationally, has thus become finding ways to strengthen inter-provincial/regional cooperation, sustain economic growth and narrow the regional gap. This...

  9. Part II: Economic Development and Regional Cooperation
    • 5 Regionally Coordinated Development and Planning in the Pearl River Delta
      (pp. 81-102)
      Yang Baojun and Jin Dongxiao

      In 2003, the Guangdong Provincial Party Committee, the Guangdong provincial government and the Ministry of Construction (the predecessor of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development) jointly formulated a regional plan for the Pearl River Delta (PRD) entitled the ‘Pearl River Delta Urban Cluster Coordinated Development Plan (2004–20)’ (UCCDP). Upon completion of this plan, the ‘UCCDP Implementation Ordinance’ was enacted, filling a gap in Chinese regional planning legislation. The Ministry of Construction regards this series of steps as an innovative practice and as a breakthrough in plan-making and implementation for regional development. It is thus important to summarize the...

    • 6 Political Economy of Regional Cooperation in the Pan-Pearl River Delta
      (pp. 103-124)
      Xu Jiang and Yeh Anthony G. O.

      There has been a proliferation of regional cooperation in many parts of China since the late 1990s. This has led to renewed scholarly interest in major territorial issues—from political fragmentation, internal trade barriers, market separation and inadequate coordination to urban sprawl, spatial mismatch, environmental degradation and the excessive use of scarce resources (Fan 1999; Liu 2001; Lee 2002; Xu and Yeh 2005). A number of regional coordination projects have been initiated or expanded in response to the rise in urban entrepreneurialism and local protectionism resulting from urban and regional politics in post-reform China (Wu 2002; Wu et al. 2007)...

    • 7 Establishment and Improvement of Regional Cooperation Mechanisms in the Pan-Pearl River Delta
      (pp. 125-136)
      Chen Guanghan

      Regional cooperation can be viewed as support and exchange among regions in terms of market liberalization, investment, trade, infrastructure development and environmental protection, with the common aim of maximizing economic, social and ecological advantages. To facilitate such compliance, a regional cooperation framework is usually formed through the establishment of relevant agreements and the constitution of corresponding organizations and institutions.

      A regional cooperation framework should have two main components: a set of rules which can be agreed upon and observed by members of the region as guiding principles for regional economic cooperation; and a responsible party to enforce the rules. The...

  10. Part III: Regional Infrastructure Development and Cooperation
    • 8 Regional Transportation Development Strategy for the Pan-Pearl River Delta
      (pp. 139-158)
      Chen Xiaohong, Li Tanfeng and Li Ye

      The Pearl River Delta (PRD) comprises Guangzhou, Shenzhen and thirteen other cities and counties (districts) in Guangdong Province. It was one of the earliest regions to implement economic reform, and is one of the fastest growing areas of China. By the end of 2006, its GDP was RMB 214.24 billion, 10.2 per cent of the national total, and its GDP per capita was RMB 49,153, 3.1 times the national average.

      At the turn of the twenty-first century, the PRD began to encounter numerous problems, including a limited geographical area for growth, a major scarcity of energy resources, large gaps in...

    • 9 Infrastructure Development in the Pan-Pearl River Delta: Opportunities and Challenges
      (pp. 159-180)
      Yeung Yue-man and Kee Gordon

      For a region so large in area and population, so diversified in its geography and history, and so multi-faceted in its political make-up, the Pan-Pearl River Delta (Pan-PRD), created in June 2004, has become the banner under which regional cooperation and economic development have been advanced in the name of ‘prosperity through partnership’. When the Pan-PRD Cooperative Framework was created (Pan-Pearl River Delta 2005), it was premised in part on the conviction that the vastly different resource endowments and levels of economic development of its constituent parts could be dovetailed in a complementary fashion to advance the flow of people,...

    • 10 Government Power and its Impact on Pan-Pearl River Delta Regional Cooperation: Cooperative Networks and Regional Governance
      (pp. 181-190)
      Hu De and Ma Hailong

      China’s transition from a planned economy to a market-oriented economy has led to the emergence of ‘local economic dukedoms’. This is reflected not only in the internal organization of production factors and structures, but also in the spatial fragmentation of the regional economy. The situation has produced urban entrepreneurialism based on administrative division, whereby local governments privilege the territorial interests of their own jurisdictions. The regional cooperation pattern is similar, with localities motivated to focus on profit generation and profit sharing. This chapter examines government power in China and its impact on regional cooperation in the Pan-Pearl River Delta (Pan-PRD)....

  11. Part IV: Regional Real Estate Development and Cooperation
    • 11 Land Use Structure Optimization and Urban Development in the Pearl River Delta
      (pp. 193-214)
      Feng Changchun and Zhu Jiajie

      The Pearl River Delta (PRD) is located in the southern-central part of Guangdong province on the downstream section of the Pearl River. The region encompasses the cities of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Foshan, Jiangmen, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Huizhou and Zhaoqing. It covers an area of approximately 54,744 square kilometres (km²) that is roughly equivalent to 30.5 per cent of the total area of the province. At the end of 2006, the registered population was 46.34 million, representing approximately 49.8 per cent of the provincial total and regional GDP was RMB 2.2 trillion. The primary, secondary and tertiary sectors accounted for 2.8, 51.4...

    • 12 Provincial Construction Industry Competitiveness in the Pan-Pearl River Delta
      (pp. 215-230)
      Wang Yousong, Hou Pin, Lin Yihong and Zhang Yan

      China’s regional economic structure has changed rapidly since the globalization and unification of its regional economies. The scale of receptiveness and economic change is increasing and the market economy is becoming more sophisticated. Various types of economic districts have come into being such as free-trade zones, unified tax zones, common markets, economic federations and political federations. This indicates that a general trend of regional economic cooperation is developing. As part of this trend, the Pan-Pearl River Delta was established, spanning eastern, central and western regions of China and encompassing different levels of market development and different levels of industrialization. As...

    • 13 Perspective and Prospects of Chinaʹs Pan-Pearl River Delta
      (pp. 231-234)
      Yeh Anthony G.O. and Xu Jiang

      Signed in June 2004, the ‘Pan-PRD Regional Cooperation Framework Agreement’ officially launched Pan-Pearl River Delta (Pan-PRD) regionalization. Known as ‘9+2’, Pan-PRD regionalization represents a new collaborative initiative to develop an integral regional economy in China. It is believed that the formation of a more complementary regional organization can overcome the problems rooted in the administrative fragmentation that is negatively affecting urban and regional development. Justified as an important institutional tool for fostering regional economic growth, regional cooperation is becoming prevalent worldwide in today’s increasingly globalized economy. However, Pan-PRD regionalization appears to be a distinct case, given the huge jurisdictional span...

  12. Index
    (pp. 235-244)