A Quest for True Islam

A Quest for True Islam: A Study of the Islamic Resurgence Movement among the Youth in Bandung, Indonesia

Rifki Rosyad
Copyright Date: 2006
Published by: ANU Press
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  • Book Info
    A Quest for True Islam
    Book Description:

    This study presents the contemporary Islamic resurgence movement among young people in Bandung Indonesia, focusing on its emergence, development and routinisation. It traces various factors and conditions that contributed to the emergence of the movement. It also tries to explain how and why young people (students in particular) turn to Islam, and how the movement is organised and developed among students. Finally, it examines internal changes among various Islamic groups as responses to social, political and cultural changes.

    eISBN: 978-1-921313-08-0
    Subjects: Religion

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Foreword
    (pp. ix-x)
    James J. Fox

    A Quest for True Islam is a study of one of the most important movements of renewal in the history of Indonesian Islam. This movement began in the 1970s at a time when the Islamic world was entering its 15th century. It took shape in the 1980s and, in the late 1990s, developed a political dimension that has continued to carry forward efforts to the present.

    A particular value of this study by Drs Rifki Rosyad derives from the fact that it was carried out, in the early 1990s, in the midst of the movement, when its various directions were...

  4. Acknowledgements
    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. Abstract
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
  6. Chapter 1: Islamic Resurgence in Indonesia, an Introduction
    (pp. 1-10)

    Bandung, the capital of West Java, is a city with a long association with the structures of a modern industrialised nation. When the activities of the Dutch colonial government in this area increased in the late nineteenth century, central administrative offices, post office, telegraph and railroad system were established in Bandung. Bandung became an educational center for native islanders in the colonial period with the opening of a technical institute for indigenous students. Today it is called Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), one of the most prestigious universities in Indonesia. In this university, Soekarno, the first president of Indonesia, finished...

  7. Chapter 2: The Foundation of the Movement
    (pp. 11-30)

    Although they had in common, the growing attachment of Muslims to Islam, Islamic resurgences that occurred throughout the Muslim world from the 1970s, were historically and behaviorally diverse and complex phenomena (Dessouki 1982:6). In each Muslim country -even within each Muslim country- there were always different causes, different historical backgrounds and different cultural settings. In the Middle East, for example, Islamic resurgence often occurred through radical political activism, whereas in Malaysia and Indonesia it is manifested respectively through Malay ethnicity (Muzaffar 1985: 14–6) and through the Islamic cultural movement.

    From a sociological point of view, it is difficult to...

  8. Chapter 3: The Development of the Movement
    (pp. 31-54)

    ″Religion is like a nail. The harder you hit it, the deeper it goes into the wood″ (Emerson, 1981:159).

    The second stage, the focus of this chapter, is the development of the Islamic resurgence movement among young people. The important feature of this period is the spread of Islamic resurgence ideas through communication and evangelism, either by persuasive individuals, or through various sorts of mass gatherings. To assist an understanding of this process, I attend to two aspects of the development: the organisations through which the movement developed, focusing on public mosques, campus Islamic preaching organisations, and Islamic movements; and...

  9. Chapter 4: Routinisation of the Movement: Impacts of Social and Political Changes
    (pp. 55-76)

    In Ramadan 1994, I went to Jakarta to get my visa from the Australian Embassy. When the time for afternoon prayer came, I went to the Musholla¹ of a private bank, located in the basement of a car park. I was struck by the scene there. The basement usually used for a car park was crowded by approximately 800 people. Men and women, most of them employees of the bank, were sitting on plastic mats waiting for the afternoon (zhuhur) prayer. There were rows of men at the front and women at the back. In between the men and the...

  10. Chapter 5: Conclusion: Continuation of TAJDID Tradition
    (pp. 77-80)

    The argument developed in this thesis is that contemporary Islamic resurgence among young people in Bandung, Indonesia, is a continuation of tajdid (renewal) tradition in Muslim societies. Current Islamic resurgence is another form of Muslim internal transformation that attempts to maintain the Muslim commitment to the fundamental principles of Islam and to reconstruct an Islamic society in accord with the Qur'an and the Sunnah (Traditions of the Prophet). The tajdid movement has always been related to two aspects of Muslims' lives -the spiritual and the worldly-which cannot be separated. The former refers to an attempt to purge Islamic teachings and...

  11. Appendix A: The Meeting Forum of Islamic Campus Preaching Organisations
    (pp. 81-82)
  12. Appendix B: The Nature of Reformist and Modernist Islam
    (pp. 83-84)
  13. Appendix C: International Islamic Movements and Their Presence in Indonesia
    (pp. 85-90)
  14. Appendix D: Muslim Intellectuals' Movement at Glance
    (pp. 91-92)
  15. Appendix E: Moral Workshop Daarut Tauhid: a New Trend among the Youth
    (pp. 93-94)
  16. Glossary
    (pp. 95-98)
  17. Bibliography
    (pp. 99-110)