Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans

Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans

PETER ABELARD
Translated by STEVEN R. CARTWRIGHT
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt284zn1
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  • Book Info
    Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans
    Book Description:

    Despite its importance and the frequent references made to it by modern scholars, this commentary has never before been translated into English in its entirety. This volume, which includes an extensive introduction, fills this gap, thus providing a needed contribution to medieval scholarship.

    eISBN: 978-0-8132-1917-2
    Subjects: Religion

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    (pp. vii-viii)
    Steven R. Cartwright
  4. ABBREVIATIONS
    (pp. ix-xiv)
  5. SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY
    (pp. xv-xxiv)
  6. INTRODUCTION
    (pp. 3-82)

    Peter Abelard’s commentary on the Epistle of St. Paul to the Romans is one of the more notorious works of medieval biblical exegesis and theology, on account of both its content and its methodology. Both of these made it different from other commentaries on Romans, both those written long before and those contemporary with it; and both these factors were significant in making it a controversial work, one that led to Abelard’s second condemnation at the Council of Sens in 1140. Its heavy use of dialectics, especially in the numerous quaestiones to be found in it, and its pronouncements on...

  7. COMMENTARY ON THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS
    • PROLOGUE
      (pp. 85-90)

      (41) All of divine Scripture aims at either teaching or exhorting in the manner of a rhetorical speech;¹ for it teaches while it proclaims what must be done or avoided, but it exhorts with its holy admonitions, either by dissuading when it turns our will from evil things or by persuading when it steers it toward good things, so that of course we may now desire to fulfill the things which we have learned must be fulfilled, or to avoid their opposites. Therefore, according to this scheme, the teaching of both the Old and the New Testament is threefold. Of...

    • BOOK ONE
      (pp. 91-159)

      (47) [1.1] Paul. following the custom of those who write epistles, he who encourages them to true salvation places the greeting at the beginning. He prefixes this greeting with certain things that he adds, as it were in place of a preface, through which he might in a few words make those who were attentive either willing to learn or well disposed. He makes them attentive both by his own person and by the person of Christ who sends him, and by that very thing, that is, the Gospel teaching which he encourages them to observe; by his own person,...

    • BOOK TWO
      (pp. 160-236)

      (110) [3.19] But we know [that whatever the law says, it says] . . . The Apostle returns to the invective against the Jews, so that just as he took away from them boasting in circumcision, he also takes away boasting in the law or any carnal observances, lest perhaps he seem to have especially commended the law when he said, First because the utterances of God were credited to them. First, he takes away their boasting in the law by proving that they are accused by the law rather than justified.

      To continue: I introduced testimonies from the law,...

    • BOOK THREE
      (pp. 237-287)

      (185) [6.19] I speak in a human way, as if he should say: And now, because you have been freed from the yoke of sin and have been handed over to the obedience of righteousness, I speak by exhorting you to persist in it. And because I observe that you are still weak and carnal, that is, inclined to return to your sins, I speak to you after the manner of men, that is, more gently than is just, so that if not more, at least to the extent that you strive to fulfill the works of righteousness, you strove...

    • BOOK FOUR
      (pp. 288-398)

      (232) [9.6] But it is not that [the word of God] failed. Perhaps someone might say: And how were the divine promises made to the Israelites, which that people, always rebellious towards God and now thoroughly convicted by him, cannot obtain because of their wickedness? To this the Apostle says: The promises were not made to them in such a way that the very word of promise failed, that is, that the promise is void and in no way fulfilled. For the promise which is fulfilled is said to stand or endure, but the one which is not is said...

  8. INDICES
  9. Back Matter
    (pp. 429-429)