Commentary on Matthew (The Fathers of the Church, Volume 117)

Commentary on Matthew (The Fathers of the Church, Volume 117)

Translated by THOMAS P. SCHECK
Copyright Date: 2008
Pages: 363
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  • Book Info
    Commentary on Matthew (The Fathers of the Church, Volume 117)
    Book Description:

    His Commentary on Matthew, written in 398 and profoundly influential in the West, appears here for the first time in English translation. Jerome covers the entire text of Matthew's gospel by means of brief explanatory comments that clarify the text literally and historically.

    eISBN: 978-0-8132-1712-3
    Subjects: Religion

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-x)
    (pp. xi-xii)
    (pp. xiii-xvi)
    (pp. 3-48)

    St. Jerome (347–420) is one of the four Doctors of the Latin Church, alongside St. Augustine (d. 430), St. Ambrose (d. 397), and Pope St. Gregory the Great (d. 604).² Much of his fame rests upon the important role he played in the translation of the Bible that became known in later centuries as the Latin Vulgate. Under the patronage of Pope Damasus (d. 384), Jerome systematically revised existing Latin versions of the four Gospels and the Psalter, though he did not touch the New Testament Epistles. Later in his life Jerome produced extensive translations of the Old Testament...

      (pp. 51-58)

      That there were many who wrote gospels, both Luke the evangelist testifies, when he says: “Since indeed many have tried to tell a story of the things that have been completed among us, just as they themselves who from the beginning saw the word and ministered to him have handed down to us,”¹ and the literary monuments that endure unto the present time show, monuments which, published by various authors, have been the beginning of various heresies—for example, the gospels according to the Egyptians² and Thomas³ and Matthias⁴ and Bartholomew.⁵ There is also a Gospel of the Twelve Apostles,⁶...

    • BOOK ONE (MATTHEW 1.1–10.42)
      (pp. 59-127)

      The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ (Mt 1.1). We read in Isaiah: “Who shall declare his genealogy?”¹ Let us not therefore think that the Gospel is contrary to the prophet, so that what the one said was impossible to utter, the other is beginning to declare. For Isaiah was speaking of the genealogy of his divinity, whereas Matthew has spoken about the Incarnation. But he began with fleshly matters, so that through the man we might begin to become acquainted with God.

      1.1. Son of David, son of Abraham. The order is inverted, but it was changed out...

    • BOOK TWO (MATTHEW 11.2–16.12)
      (pp. 128-188)

      But when john heard in prison of the works of Christ, he sent two of his disciples to say to him: “Are you he who is to come, or do we wait for another?” (11.2–3) He asks, but not as one who is ignorant of the answer. For he had pointed him out to others who did not know about him when he said: “Behold the Lamb of God, behold him who takes away the sins of the world.”¹ Also, he had heard the voice of the Father, thundering: “This is my beloved Son in whom I am well...

    • BOOK THREE (MATTHEW 16.13–22.40)
      (pp. 189-256)

      Now when jesus came into the region of Caesarea Philippi (16.13). This Philip is the brother of the Herod of whom we spoke above.¹ He was the tetrarch of the regions of Iturea and Trachonitis.² He named this region Caesarea Philippi in honor of Tiberius Caesar. Today it is called Paneas.³ It is in the province of Phoenicia. Philip did this in imitation of his father Herod, who in honor of Caesar Augustus had given the name of Caesarea to the village previously named Tower of Strato,⁴ and who on the other side of the Jordan had also built Libias,...

    • BOOK FOUR (MATTHEW 22.41–28.20)
      (pp. 257-328)

      Now while the pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, saying: “What does it seem to you about the Christ? Whose son is he?” They said to him: “David’s.” He said to them: “How is it, then, that David, in the Spirit, calls him Lord, saying: ‘The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, till I put your enemies as a footstool of your feet’?” (22.41–44) Those who had gathered to tempt Jesus and who were endeavoring to ensnare the Truth by their fraudulent question offered an opportunity for their own confutation and are...