Define and Rule

Define and Rule: Native as Political Identity

Copyright Date: 2012
Published by: Harvard University Press
Pages: 160
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  • Book Info
    Define and Rule
    Book Description:

    When Britain abandoned its attempt to eradicate difference between conqueror and conquered and introduced a new idea of governance as the definition and management of difference, lines of political identity were drawn between settler and native, and between natives according to tribe. Out of this colonial experience arose a language of pluralism.

    eISBN: 978-0-674-06735-6
    Subjects: Political Science, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. [i]-[vi])
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. [vii]-[x])
  3. Introduction
    (pp. 1-5)

    The inspiration for these lectures came from two sources: the first from a reading of W. E. B. Du Bois’s The World and Africa in 2007.¹ I realized that rather than just write about Africa, Du Bois located Africa in the context of world history. This meant writing about the world from an African vantage point. The second came from a question I was asked by Professor Andreas Eshete, then the vice chancellor at the Addis Ababa University, following a lecture I gave on British indirect rule: how, he asked, is this different from previous empires? I gave a long...

  4. CHAPTER ONE Nativism: The Theory Sir Henry Maine and the Post-1857 Crisis of Empire
    (pp. 6-42)

    A new form of colonial governmentality was born in the aftermath of the mid-nineteenth-century crisis of colonialism. Of the theorists who articulated the response to the crisis, the most important was Sir Henry Maine. Maine sought to recognize the historicity and the agency of the colonized as part of an endeavor to rethink and reconstitute the colonial project on a more durable basis. Through a theory of history and a theory of law, he distinguished the West from the non-West and a universal civilization from local custom. In the process, he distinguished the settler from the native, providing elements of...

  5. CHAPTER TWO Nativism: The Practice
    (pp. 43-84)

    What is the significance of Sir Henry Maine today? In a book that came out after I gave the Du Bois lectures,¹ Karuna Mantena locates Maine in the flow of modern Western thought and shows the ways in which he was central to a reformulated justification of colonial rule following the mid-nineteenth century crisis of empire. It is this reformulated justification, this discourse, that Mantena terms “alibi.” I share Mantena’s interest in Maine as the theoretician of indirect rule. But I have two additional interests: one is to understand the practice of indirect rule as a form of what Michel...

  6. CHAPTER THREE Beyond Settlers and Natives The Theory and Practice of Decolonization
    (pp. 85-126)

    Decolonization was the preoccupation of two groups that propelled the nationalist movement: the intelligentsia and the political class. They set out to create the nation, the former to give the independent state a history and the latter to create a common citizenship as the basis of national sovereignty. Both projects unraveled in the thick of civil war. It is time to ask: what have we learned? How far have we gone beyond settler claims to being custodians of cosmopolitan pluralism and nativist preoccupation with origin and authenticity?

    The shift from direct to indirect rule went alongside a number of changes....

  7. Notes
    (pp. 127-148)
  8. Acknowledgments
    (pp. 149-150)
  9. Index
    (pp. 151-154)