Constancy of Purpose

Constancy of Purpose: An Account of the Foundation and History of the Hong Kong College of Medicine and the Faculty of Medicine of The University of Hong Kong, 1887-1987

Compiled by Dafydd Emrys Evans
Copyright Date: 1987
Pages: 304
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  • Book Info
    Constancy of Purpose
    Book Description:

    The Faculty of Medicine of the Universit of Hong Kong traces its origins back to the inauguration of the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese on 1 October, 1987, of which Dr Sun Yat-sen was one of the the first and most illustrious graduates, and it accordingly celebrates its centenary in 1987. This volume relates the development of the Faculty from its beginnings and commemorates the establishment of one of the oldest and most reputable medical schools in South East Asia. It is hoped that it will be of special attraction and appeal not only to those connected with the Faculty but also a much wider audience interested in the development of modern medical education in this region.

    eISBN: 978-988-220-086-9
    Subjects: Health Sciences

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Foreword from the Chancellor
    (pp. vii-viii)
    Sir David Wilson

    The Faculty of Medicine of the University of Hong Kong occupies a special place in the history of tertiary education in Hong Kong. It is also one of the oldest and most reputable medical schools in South East Asia.

    Its graduates and those associated with it in its early days as the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese have played prominent roles in the affairs of Hong Kong. Dr Sun Yat-sen was one of the first graduates and many past and present graduates of the Faculty have become leaders not only of their profession but also of our community....

  4. Foreword from the Vice-Chancellor
    (pp. ix-x)
    Dr Wang Gungwu

    The Medical Faculty of the University of Hong Kong is this year celebrating its foundation one hundred years ago. During this time the Faculty has trained many fine doctors and has provided an invaluable service to the community of Hong Kong, and I am sure it will continue to do so.

    I should like to send my congratulations to the Faculty of Medicine on the occasion of its Centenary. I am sure this account of the history of the Faculty will be of great interest to everyone in Hong Kong and will be an appropriate tribute to all those who...

  5. Preface
    (pp. xi-xiv)
    Dafydd Emrys Evans
  6. Chronology: The College of Medicine and the Faculty of Medicine, 1887 - 1987
    (pp. xv-xviii)
  7. 1 Introduction
    (pp. 1-8)

    THESE WORDS were spoken by Dr (later Sir) James Cantlie, Dean of the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese (as it was then known), on the occasion of the award of certificates on 23 July, 1892, to the first two Licentiates of the College, Dr Sun Yat-sen and Dr Kong Ying Wa. Sun Yat-sen was, of course, later to gain fame not as a doctor but as a politician, as founder of the Republic of China almost twenty years on from his graduation.

    The Faculty of Medicine of the University of Hong Kong traces its origins back to the...

  8. The Early Years
    (pp. 9-18)
  9. 2 The Background
    (pp. 19-22)

    THE HISTORY of Western medical education in Hong Kong requires some account of the history of the Western penetration of China during the nineteenth century for the picture is not entirely one of colonialism or mercantile exploration and exploitation. It is also a history of the introduction of Western ideas, especially those of religion and science, some welcome, some not. With the traders came the missionaries and, not far behind, a small but significant number of men of medicine.

    Between them, the preachers and the doctors played a significant, if not always fully appreciated, role in the drama which was...

  10. 3 The Introduction of Western Medical Education
    (pp. 23-26)

    THE READER has to remember that, at the period of time which we have so far considered, the science of medicine as we understand it today was in its infancy and even the medical education which Colledge and Parker, Hobson and Lockhart had undergone was relatively primitive by comparison even with that which the College of Medicine was to introduce towards the end of the century. The great advances in medical science were largely yet to come and with those advances came the fundamentals of modern scientific medical education as we know it today. Some historical background to the emergence...

  11. 4 The Alice Memorial Hospital and the Vision of a Medical School
    (pp. 27-32)

    IT SHOULD now be clear that the idea of introducing Western medical education into China had been in the minds of many for some time. But it is never easy to pinpoint always either the first serious effort to introduce such things or the identity of the person who did so. So it was in Hong Kong.

    Endacott (in The University of Hong Kong—The First Fifty Years at p.23) states that Rev A.B. Hutchison of the Church Missionary Society and, he says, no doubt others of whom no record exists, appears to have been the first, in 1872, to...

  12. 5 From College to Faculty
    (pp. 33-36)

    BUT AN educational institution conducted on premises not its own, without staff whose primary obligation was towards the aims of that institution, would never prove wholly satisfactory. So it was with the Hong Kong College of Medicine. Various efforts were made in the years following its foundation to provide it with its own premises (though clinical teaching would inevitably have to take place in the Alice Memorial Hospital and the others referred to later). There was the further possibility of conflict between the aims and objectives of the College itself and those of the London Missionary Society itself on whose...

  13. 6 Some Reflections on the College of Medicine
    (pp. 37-38)

    IT IS appropriate at this stage to seek to draw a few conclusions about the early days of the College of Medicine.

    The College was not unique in its time as similar colleges were being opened under missionary auspices elsewhere in China. But it was highly significant in a number of regards for reasons other than it being a medical school.

    First, it probably had a ‘knock on’ effect in relation to education generally both in Hong Kong and in the region generally. The idea of a university in Hong Kong had been tentatively mooted in 1872 by Rev A.B....

  14. 7 The Question of Professional Recognition
    (pp. 39-44)

    ONE BURNING issue over the years since the first two graduates passed out in 1892 (one, it is trite knowledge, being Sun Yat-sen) was the standing of the College’s licence. It was not a qualification which was recognized according to English law at that time and the Medical Registration Ordinance of 1884 was not amended to take account of it. Since the early licentiates were Chinese, there was no need for them to register as, under the terms of that Ordinance, they could carry on their practice without the benefits of registration in any event. But recognition by the United...

  15. 8 The Infant Faculty
    (pp. 45-50)

    THE STORY of the founding of the University itself is, of course, another story altogether (and the reader may refer to The University of Hong Kong — The First Fifty Years to which reference has already been made) but the very existence and success of the College of Medicine was a foundation upon which to build. The travail attending the birth of the University was prolonged and difficult (though perhaps not unduly so compared with the present day) but the foundation stone was laid in 1910, the University was formally constituted and incorporated by ordinance in 1911 and formally opened...

  16. 9 The First Crisis — Rockefeller and Salvation
    (pp. 51-60)

    PROFESSOR EARLE had already shown his abilities and aims and had been the force behind the first major overhaul of the teaching system but unfortunately, as had been forecast some years earlier, the University was underfunded. Medicine was the single most important component part of the University yet it had neither the physical nor human resources to do adequately that which it had set out to achieve. The University came close to total financial collapse at the end of the second decade of this century but was bailed out by the government after an examination of its finances. Even more...

  17. Pre-war and Post-war Years
    (pp. 61-68)
  18. 10 The Inter-War Years
    (pp. 69-76)

    BRUNYATE’S EFFORTS solved in the short term the immediate financial problems of the Faculty of Medicine and thereby opened the way for the teaching regime introduced by Earle to be realized. Indeed, the Rockefeller endowment was made on the understanding that it would be introduced.

    There was no doubt as to the correctness or timeliness of the endowment but it underlined a severe practical problem as to its implementation: the University did not have its own teaching hospital. Just as the College of Medicine had to rely on the London Missionary Society and its group of hospitals, so the University...

  19. 11 The Test of War
    (pp. 77-82)

    CHAPTER SIX of The First Fifty Years was written by Sir Lindsay Ride, then Professor of Physiology. It was entitled ‘The Test of War’ and dealt generally with the impact on the University of the disaster which struck Hong Kong when the Japanese invaded and conquered the colony in December, 1941. It also tells of the manner in which the University was able, albeit in times of adversity, to go some way towards fulfilling the high ambitions of service to China which had been so cherished many years earlier by Lord Lugard, ambitions which had largely been frustrated.

    Sir Lindsay’s...

  20. 12 The Phoenix Arises from the Ashes
    (pp. 83-86)

    AT THE conclusion of his chapter entitled ‘The Test of War’ in The University of Hong Kong — the First Fifty Years, Sir Lindsay Ride wrote that the phoenix had arisen from the ashes, and the University was no longer at war. In thus expressing his feelings, one wonders whether he was aware that, in China, the phoenix is seen as a symbol of longevity and prosperity.

    Be that as it may, but neither Hong Kong nor the University could ever be the same again — not merely because of the traumatic aftermath of physical destruction the incalculable change wrought...

  21. 13 The Emergence of the Modern Faculty
    (pp. 87-92)

    THE NINETEEN FIFTIES were crucial years for Hong Kong, the University and the Faculty, as every effort was made to overcome the problems and shortcomings of the past.

    In 1949, the whole of China came under the domination of Mao Tse Tung and the new Communist state was declared on 1 October, 1949. This naturally rekindled those fears as to the continued existence of Hong Kong as British crown colony which had followed the Japanese surrender. Hong Kong’s pre-war population had been greatly swollen by the flight of huge numbers of people in the face of the advancing Japanese and...

  22. 14 The Faculty of Medicine Today
    (pp. 93-126)

    THE FACULTY of Medicine consists today of thirteen departments and three units. The departments are: Anatomy, Biochemistry, Community Medicine, Medicine, Microbiology, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Orthopaedic Surgery, Paediatrics, Pathology, Pharmacology, Physiology, Psychiatry and Surgery. The units are: Laboratory Animal Unit, Medical Illustration Unit and Postgraduate Medical Education. Also an integral part of the Faculty and its work is the Lee Hysan Medical Library. In addition, Queen Mary Hospital (QMH), the University’s principal teaching hospital, is served by the University-run Hospital Pathology Service which embraces Pathology and Microbiology and the Clinical Biochemistry Unit.

    As described earlier, the Faculty effectively began life in...

  23. Modern Times
    (pp. 127-132)
  24. Appendix I Committee for the Foundation of a College of Medicine in Hong Kong, 1887
    (pp. 135-135)
  25. Appendix II The Hong Kong College of Medicine London Endowment Committee
    (pp. 136-136)
  26. Appendix III Succession Lists of the Hong Kong College of Medicine
    (pp. 137-142)
  27. Appendix IV Teachers transferred from the College of Medicine to the Faculty of Medicine, 1912
    (pp. 143-143)
  28. Appendix V University Offices held by Teachers in the Faculty of Medicine or by Hong Kong Practitioners
    (pp. 144-145)
  29. Appendix VI Holders of Chairs in the Faculty of Medicine
    (pp. 146-150)
  30. Appendix VII Succession Lists: Deans and Heads of Departments in the Faculty of Medicine
    (pp. 151-155)
  31. Appendix VIII Emeritus Professors in the Faculty of Medicine
    (pp. 156-156)
  32. Appendix IX Doctors Honoris Causa connected with the College of Medicine or the Faculty of Medicine
    (pp. 157-159)
  33. Appendix X Life Members of the University Court
    (pp. 160-160)
  34. Appendix XI Wartime Degrees and Wartime Studies
    (pp. 161-167)
  35. Appendix XII Prizes in the Faculty of Medicine since the Second World War
    (pp. 168-188)
  36. Appendix XIII Funds and Research Funds in the Faculty of Medicine
    (pp. 189-194)
  37. Appendix XIV Endowed Lectureships and Visiting Professorships in the Faculty of Medicine
    (pp. 195-198)
  38. Appendix XV Buildings used for Medical Purposes
    (pp. 199-203)
  39. Appendix XVI Miscellaneous Statistics
    (pp. 204-210)
  40. Appendix XVII Degrees in Medicine and Medical Sciences, 1987
    (pp. 211-238)
  41. Appendix XVIII Staff of Academic Departments and Service Units of the Faculty of Medicine, 1987 (at 5 May, 1987)
    (pp. 239-255)
  42. Appendix XIX Biographical Index of Teachers in and Persons connected with the College of Medicine and the Faculty of Medicine
    (pp. 256-286)