Iberian Fathers, Volume 3

Iberian Fathers, Volume 3

Translated by CRAIG L. HANSON
Copyright Date: 1999
DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk
Pages: 202
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  • Book Info
    Iberian Fathers, Volume 3
    Book Description:

    No description available

    eISBN: 978-0-8132-1199-2
    Subjects: Religion

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.1
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.2
    (pp. ix-x)
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.3
      (pp. 3-13)
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.4

      St. Jerome, in chapter 106 of his De viris illustribus, furnishes most of the meager biographical data which we possess concerning the bishop and theologian Pacian of Barcelona. It reads as follows: “Pacian, bishop of Barcelona in the foothills of the Pyrenean mountains, a man of restrained eloquence¹ and as distinguished for his life as for his words, wrote various short works among which are The Stag and Against the Novatianists, and died at an advanced age in the reign of the emperor Theodosius.” Barcelona (ancient Barcino) in the Roman province of Tarraconensis was known early on for its Christian...

      (pp. 14-16)
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.5
    • LETTER 1
      (pp. 17-26)
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.6

      Pacian to sympronian, his brother, [greeting].

      1. Sir, if it is not an earthly purpose but, as I think, a spiritual calling that leads you to inquire of us regarding the faith of Catholic truth, you above all else, having begun your exposition so it appears from the vantage of a small stream far away and not holding to the fount and source of the original Church, should have shown what or how different the ideas are that you follow. You also should have revealed what cause more than any had detached your group from the unity of our body....

    • LETTER 2
      (pp. 27-37)
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.7

      Pacian the bishop to sympronian , his brother, greeting.

      1. On this far-ranging question I will, as far as I am able, seek brevity. Nor will I, my brother, reply to you with any repayment of malice, although under the guise of fair questioning you cast and directed [at me] in your speech hidden arrows, which you yourself cunningly devised. We are bid “to pray for those who persecute” [us] and “to bless those who curse” [us].¹ For deceit belongs, so to speak, to the fox and violence to the lion. Either one is most hostile to man, but deceit...

    • LETTER 3
      (pp. 38-70)
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.8

      Pacian the bishop to sympronian, his brother, greeting.

      1. The entire treatise of the Novatianists, which you have directed to me, crammed with propositions on all sides, simply amounts to this, brother Sympronian: that repentance should not be permitted after baptism; that the Church cannot forgive mortal sin; and that, beyond this, by receiving those who sin, the Church itself perishes.

      (2) What an illustrious honor, what a singular power, what a great consistency it is to reject the guilty, to flee the touch of sinners, to have so little confidence in the Church’s own innocence! Who lays claim to...

      (pp. 71-86)
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.9

      Although i have spoken several times, albeit with no particular scheme in mind, concerning the treatment of penitents, still, being mindful of the concern of the Lord, who for the loss of one little sheep did not spare his own neck and shoulders, carrying the fragile sinner back to the flock made whole again, I shall try so far as I am able also to describe with my pen the example of such great goodness, and, as a servant, I shall imitate with the humility which is here seemly the purposefulness of the Lord’s work.

      (2) I fear but one...

      (pp. 87-94)
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.10

      It is my desire to reveal in what way we are born in baptism and in what way we are renewed. I shall speak sensibly, my brethren, in the same words of Scripture¹ lest, because of the elegance of my words, you should perhaps believe that I have taken pleasure in my own style, and also so that you may be able to understand such a mysterious subject. And indeed, how I wish I could impress this upon you. I do not seek glory; for glory belongs to God alone. My only prompting is my concern for you and especially...

      (pp. 97-111)
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.11

      Like Pacian of Barcelona, Orosius was an active and prominent participant in the ecclesiastical affairs of his time, but like Pacian, too, his life’s story is known only in its most basic features. Orosius himself provides few autobiographical details in his extant writings, and there are only scattered references to him in the contemporary sources.¹ Even the surname “Paulus” traditionally attributed to him is possibly inauthentic. From all indications Orosius was born sometime between 380 and 390 at Bracara Augusta in Hispania Citerior (now Braga, in northern Portugal). This city was the capital of the province of Gallaecia (Galicia) and...

      (pp. 112-114)
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.12
      (pp. 115-167)
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.13

      Most reverend fathers,¹ this is not something which I have instigated nor is it a mark of my own presumption, but rather, as you yourselves recognize, it is of the most dire and even desperate necessity that I now appear. Indeed, I have been forced to do this because of an injustice done to me, and now I stand not only as a defender of my faith but also as a witness to another’s faithlessness. For just as I should strive to exonerate myself out of good conscience—I mean, not my own conscience, but that of another person—so,...

      (pp. 168-174)
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctt31nkgk.14

      Orosius to the most blessed father Augustine, bishop.

      1. I had, indeed, broached the subject to your Holiness earlier, but even then I was intending to present a memorandum on the subject I spoke of—once I was aware that you had been freed from other matters demanding your attention.² Since my masters, your sons, the bishops Eutropius and Paul,³ were motivated by the same concern for the salvation of all people as I, your child, and have already furnished a memorandum concerning several heresies, though they did not indicate them all, it was necessary for me promptly to reveal...