Homilies on Judges

Homilies on Judges

Copyright Date: 2010
Pages: 152
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    Homilies on Judges
    Book Description:

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    eISBN: 978-0-8132-1219-7
    Subjects: Religion

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-x)
    (pp. xi-xii)
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
    (pp. 1-36)

    Apart from Augustine of Hippo and Thomas Aquinas, there is no father of the Christian Church who has so comprehensively influenced its theology, scriptural exegesis, and practice as Origen of Alexandria (c. 185–254 A.D.).¹ Unlike his giant counterparts, Origen has elicited deep hatred as well as fierce devotion from the time of his death to the present. Though Origen was officially declared a heretic three times before the seventh century,² Christian theologians have read him throughout the centuries and often explicitly relied upon his thought.³ In the 1800s, scholars began to disregard taboos associated with Origen and started creating...

      (pp. 39-50)

      Indeed, the lector of the present reading recited as follows: “And the people feared the Lord all the days of Jesus,”² but we have, “And the people served the Lord all the days of Jesus, and all the days of those elders who lived longer days after Jesus.”³ Accordingly, it is necessary to understand that every single one of us proves to himself that he is either in good days or in bad, and proves that he possesses either “the days of Jesus,” that is, the days of the just, or the days of the wicked. For if we comprehend...

      (pp. 51-60)

      Once more the death of Jesus has been read aloud to us. And he, indeed the “son of Nun,” that he “died”² is not at all surprising. For he released to nature what was due. But because we had established that these things read about the son of Nun refer to our Lord Jesus Christ, it must be considered how it may fittingly be said also of that one: “Jesus died.” Talking about this still according to the authority of Scripture, I think that in certain persons Jesus lives, but in certain persons he is “dead.”³ Jesus lives in Paul...

      (pp. 61-69)

      When “the people of Israel did evil in the sight of God, and they forgot² the Lord their God,” and, abandoning him, “they served the Baals and the wooden idols”³ of the foreign nations, “at that time storing up wrath for themselves,” “they were handed over” by the just judgment of God⁴ “into the hands of enemies”⁵ according to these things which the present reading has declared, “into the hands,” it is said, “of Cushanrishathaim, king of Mesopotamia.”⁶ Now, “Cushanrishathaim” means “their humiliation.” Accordingly, “they were handed over into the hands” of him who would humiliate them. Also, because they...

      (pp. 70-75)

      The reign of the ambidextrous Ehud is followed by the reign of Shamgar.¹ But let us see how Ehud, whose name means “praise,” ended his reign. History has taught us what things were written about King Eglon, how this Ehud, most wise, by a certain cunning and, so I might say, by a shrewdly but laudably deceptive practice, killed the tyrant Eglon,² whose name means a “whirling round”³ or “of orbits.”⁴ Therefore, it is proper that such judges are also from among our people, as was that Ehud, whose name means “praise,” since they would cut off all the spinning...

      (pp. 76-83)

      We pass from inquiries to inquiries and from mysteries to mysteries, and, when with difficulty and much effort we explain certain first things, difficult ones are followed by even more difficult ones, and they do not need the eloquence of human talent so much as they require the breath of divine grace. For without doubt the hearer will search, because of the sentence of the Apostle Paul that says: “All Scripture is divinely inspired and useful for teaching, for reproving, and for instruction in righteousness.”¹ What that Scripture contains in itself, which without doubt we acknowledge to be itself divinely...

      (pp. 84-93)

      Sisera, with his army and “war-chariots of iron,” with which he attacked the people of God, was overcome. What prophecy foretold through Deborah was going to occur in this way.¹ And after victory was accomplished “at the hand of a woman [Jael],”² Deborah, it is recorded, sang that song as praise for the victory itself. But if we remember those things that were said above,³ according to the mystical type—what figure there may be with respect to Deborah, also what there may be with respect to Barak, what sort of image the woman Jael may possess, who single-handedly killed...

      (pp. 94-99)

      The land is at peace,”² so long as sin is in repose. But it is said that the land is stirred up, that is, those who dwell in the land, when sins have begun to stir up and disturb thoroughly the souls³ of men. And, for that reason, this is written which now the present reading contains: “And the land,” it is said, “was at peace for forty years.”⁴ “And the people of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord handed them over into the hands of Midian for seven years. And Midian prevailed over...

      (pp. 100-110)

      Amen,¹ the Midianites, whose name means “outside judgment,” came together against Israel. Amen, they came together against Israel, they who are outside the judgment of God and “who have sinned outside of the law, and outside the law will perish.”² Amen, Amalek also came together, whose name itself means “the people who squander.”³ Amen, this earthly race also came to attack, devoted both to stomach and to appetite. It was carnal Israel coming together to attack spiritual Israel. What does this mean, that the “people of the East”⁴ also are joined to them and are said to come with them...

      (pp. 111-118)

      Prodigious was the multitude that had been gathered together against Israel so that the multitude could be compared with “locusts.”¹ It is said, “And their camels were innumerable as the sand which is at the edge of the sea.”² Therefore, let us see how this multitude of enemies, so innumerable, could have been overcome. It is said, 32,000 of the armed soldiers from the people of Israel³ went out with Gideon ready to fight against that whole multitude. And God gave promises to Gideon, saying: “A great multitude is with you.”⁴ And what if “the multitude is great”? In wars,...