Introduction to Scholastic Theology

Introduction to Scholastic Theology

Ulrich G. Leinsle
Translated by Michael J. Miller
Copyright Date: 2010
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  • Book Info
    Introduction to Scholastic Theology
    Book Description:

    With this book, distinguished historian of philosophy Ulrich Leinsle offers the first comprehensive introduction to scholastic theology -- a textbook for both Protestant and Catholic students.

    eISBN: 978-0-8132-1925-7
    Subjects: Religion

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  3. Abbreviations
    (pp. ix-xii)
  4. Introduction: What Is Scholastic Theology?
    (pp. 1-15)

    An introduction to Scholastic theology is in the first place an ambiguous undertaking, especially if it is to be done by a philosopher. It approaches its object from outside, so to speak. Its goal is to accompany the reader until he can move about without this introduction. But in what field should he be able to move about? In Scholastic theology, you will answer. Therefore the first question to ask is: “What is Scholastic theology?”

    The whole purpose of this volume is to answer that question, and to do so only in a rudimentary way, in the form of an...

  5. 1 How Did Scholastic Theology Come About?
    (pp. 16-73)

    Since an unequivocal definition of “Scholasticism” does not seem possible, we are left with the option of describing the development in intellectual history that led to the characteristic features of western Scholastic theology in the Middle Ages and the early modern era. The extent to which the conventional subdivision into pre-, early, high and later Scholasticism is useful would have to be demonstrated in this context by documenting paradigm shifts, that is, changes in methodological and thematic issues.

    Medieval theology is not an absolutely new beginning: extensive areas of it owe much to the thematic and methodological precedents from the...

  6. 2 The Self-Concept of Early Scholastic Theologies
    (pp. 74-119)

    At the same time as the development and general acceptance of Scholastic scientific methods in theology, the schools of the eleventh and twelfth centuries witnessed the elaboration of the themes of theology and the theoretical justification of it as a scientific discipline. Since a comprehensive history of theology or of the dogma cannot be offered within the parameters of this introduction,¹ we should at least point out the self-concept of the theological approaches, which were quite diverse.² This will make it clear that so-called early Scholastic theology is found only in a multiplicity of schools and theologies. Moreover the fact...

  7. 3 Theology as a Science at the University
    (pp. 120-181)

    Whereas twelfth-century theology was essentially characterized by the multiplicity of schools, the organization of the universities around the year 1200 and the widespread acceptance of the strict Aristotelian concept of science set forth in the Posterior Analytics placed theology as a body of knowledge in a new sociological and theoretical context: it had to maintain its place as a science within the university organization. Traditionally this passage of theology from an academic discipline to a university science is described as the transition from early to high Scholasticism.

    The university’s understanding of its nature and mission and theology’s claim to be...

  8. 4 Theological Controversy and Church Reform
    (pp. 182-242)

    The scientific theology of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries—a period often deprecated as the decline of “late Scholasticism”—is characterized on the one hand by the logically precise analysis of theological truths and of their presuppositions, and on the other hand by the transition of theology from the lecture hall to a position of social and ecclesial influence in its effort to bring about reform in the Church. Within academic theology during those uncertain times, the question about the foundation and the certainty of theological statements and thus of our knowledge of salvation became the foremost theological and existentially...

  9. 5 Humanist and Reformation Theology
    (pp. 243-276)

    Humanism and the Reformation are generally considered to have been opponents of late Scholastic theology or else the victory over it.¹ To some extent, however, their roots and development lay in university theology as well.² They led to a reform of theological studies, which had decisive consequences not only for Protestant teaching but also for Catholic instruction in the early modern period. Within the parameters of this introduction, therefore, we will disregard the dogmatic and controversial theological problems³ and focus primarily on the Reformers’ concept of theology and that of their Catholic dialogue partners with regard to a “paradigm shift”...

  10. 6 Scholastic Theology: Early Modern Period
    (pp. 277-353)

    “Baroque Scholasticism” or the “Second Scholasticism” is the name usually applied to the period of Catholic (and in a qualified sense Protestant) theology and philosophy between humanism and the Reformation on the one hand and the Enlightenment on the other.¹ This “second” Scholasticism developed however out of the “first” of the late Middle Ages. Thus the altercations between nominalists and realists in Paris prompted Petrus Crockaert, O.P. († 1514) and his student Francisco de Vitoria (1483/93–1546) to put Thomism on a new foundation—an endeavor that we have already encountered in Cajetan. In its method and manner of framing...

  11. 7 Prospect: Enlightenment and New Scholasticism
    (pp. 354-360)

    Many factors contributed to the abandonment of the research and teaching program of Scholastic theology in the eighteenth century. The most important ones with respect to the history of theology were the following:

    1. Already in the seventeenth century we note a critique of Scholastic theology within the Church, chiefly in Protestantism where, after all, it had to be established on a new basis. In the name of Christian life and piety this critique was aimed at a pursuit of theology that had been reduced to Scholastic quaestiones, the defense of orthodoxy, and interconfessional polemics, all of which was then carried...

  12. Bibliography
    (pp. 361-386)
  13. Index of Names
    (pp. 387-392)
  14. Back Matter
    (pp. 393-394)