Citizenship has come to mean legal and political equality within
a sovereign nation-state; in international law, only states may
determine who is and who is not a citizen. But such unitary status
is the historical exception: before sovereign nation-states became
the prevailing form of political organization, citizenship had a
range of definitions and applications. Today, nonstate communities
and jurisdictions both below and above the state level are once
again becoming important sources of rights, allegiance, and status,
thereby constituting renewed forms of multilevel citizenship. For
example, while the European Union protects the nation-state's right
to determine its own members, the project to construct a democratic
polity beyond national borders challenges the sovereignty of member
Multilevel Citizenship disputes the dominant narrative of
citizenship as a homogeneous status that can be bestowed only by
nation-states. The contributors examine past and present case
studies that complicate the meaning and function of citizenship,
including residual allegiance to empires, constitutional rights
that are accessible to noncitizens, and the nonstate allegiance of
nomadic nations. Their analyses consider the inconsistencies and
exceptions of national citizenship as a political concept, such as
overlapping jurisdictions and shared governance, as well as the
emergent forms of sub- or supranational citizenships.
Multilevel Citizenship captures the complexity of
citizenship in practice, both at different levels and in different
places and times.
Contributors: Elizabeth F. Cohen, Elizabeth Dale,
Will Hanley, Marc Helbling, Türküler Isiksel, Jenn Kinney, Sheryl
Lightfoot, Willem Maas, Catherine Neveu, Luicy Pedroza, Eldar
Sarajli?, Rogers M. Smith.
Subjects: Political Science
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