"When the army comes out, it is to kill."-Augusto Pinochet
Following his bloody September 1973 coup d'état that overthrew
President Salvador Allende, Augusto Pinochet, commander-in-chief of
the Chilean Armed Forces and National Police, became head of a
military junta that would rule Chile for the next seventeen years.
The violent repression used by the Pinochet regime to maintain
power and transform the country's political profile and economic
system has received less attention than the Argentine military
dictatorship, even though the Pinochet regime endured twice as
In this primary study of Chile Under Pinochet, Mark
Ensalaco maintains that Pinochet was complicit in the "enforced
disappearance" of thousands of Chileans and an unknown number of
foreign nationals. Ensalaco spent five years in Chile investigating
the impact of Pinochet's rule and interviewing members of the truth
commission created to investigate the human rights violations under
Pinochet. The political objective of human rights organizations,
Ensalaco contends, is to bring sufficient pressure to bear on
violent regimes to induce them to end policies of repression.
However, these efforts are severely limited by the disparities of
power between human rights organizations and regimes intent on
ruthlessly eliminating dissent.
Subjects: Political Science
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