European Development Cooperation

European Development Cooperation: In Between the Local and the Global

Edited by Paul Hoebink
Series: EADI
Copyright Date: 2010
Pages: 336
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt46msvd
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  • Book Info
    European Development Cooperation
    Book Description:

    Official Development Assistance, or foreign aid, disbursed by the EU member states reached record levels in 2008, when several member states raised their assistance considerably, while some of the new member states became donors again. This definitive study analyses a wide range of aspects of European development cooperation, covering, among others, some hotly debated issues such as the Economic Partnership agreements, development policy coherence and the participation of civil society organisations in negotiations with the European Union. The contributors offer valuable new insights into the established aid instruments such as food aid, support for energy projects in Africa and security-related development assistance in the programmes of some smaller European donors, as well as an overview of these new donor programmes. They also discuss the role of local and regional authorities in development cooperation in the Netherlands, Germany and Spain. This title is available in the OAPEN Library - http://www.oapen.org.

    eISBN: 978-90-485-1228-7
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-4)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 5-6)
  3. Some Recent Developments in European International and Development Cooperation: An Introduction
    (pp. 7-22)
    Paul Hoebink

    Development cooperation by the European Union and its member states is undergoing a process of rapid change. Changes in the international architecture and within the European Union itself are contributing to this process. The first and perhaps most important change is that a large and growing number of new players have entered the arena, while some old players have returned in new guises. Among them are the new member states of the European Union. There is also a wide variety of new multilateral organisations, like the Global Fund, and new emerging donors like China and India, and – one should...

  4. I The Hotly Debated Issues
    • Policy Coherence: The Newest Fad in the International Discourse?
      (pp. 25-46)
      Rolph van der Hoeven

      The above quote stems from one of the major theoretical works of the first Nobel laureate in economics, Jan Tinbergen:On the Theory of Economic Policy. Tinbergen³ clearly explains that coherence lies at the heart of economic policymaking. The quote, although from a 1952 publication, is very appropriate in describing the actual situation. However, when the debate on policy coherence (re)surfaced in the 1990s, Tinbergen’s elegant formulation got lost in the literature.⁴ In a less well-known sequel to his theory of economic policy, Tinbergen expands his analysis of policy making by introducing multiple actors, each with different objective functions (Tinbergen...

    • The Interim Pacific Economic Partnership Agreement
      (pp. 47-72)
      Stephen J.H. Dearden

      While the Pacific remains of limited political and economic significance for the European Union, both individually and collectively, historic ties and current geopolitical concerns, such as the potential for money laundering in Pacific offshore centres ensure its continuing involvement. Only France maintains any significant involvement in this region through its substantial overseas territories of New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Wallace and Fortuna. The South Pacific is very much the ‘sphere of influence’ of Australia, both economically and politically, but China’s influence is slowly extending throughout the area. For the EU, it was not until 2006 that the EC published a...

    • Mainstreaming Non-state Actors: Assessing Participation in EU-Pacific Relations
      (pp. 73-92)
      Maurizio Carbone

      The adoption of the Cotonou Agreement in June 2000 was seen as a watershed in the relations between the European Union (EU) and the African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) group of states. The most radical changes concern aid, trade, and political dialogue: aid would be based not only on needs but also on performance; the existing preferential trade arrangement with the whole group would be replaced by free trade agreements, the so-called Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), to be negotiated with six sub-regions; political dialogue would be strengthened and cover new areas of cooperation, including security and migration (Arts 2003; Babarinde...

  5. II New Insights on Old Instruments
    • An Overview of European Programs to Support Energy Projects in Africa and Strategies to Involve the Private Sector
      (pp. 95-124)
      Lars Holstenkamp

      Energy services have not been included in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as a separate target. Nevertheless, energy delivery is part of the essential infrastructure needed for a productive life and to reach the goals and targets set by the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) in 2000. Despite its abundant energy resources, consumption of modern energy in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is the lowest in the world. In rural areas, in particular, the vast majority of the people have no access to electricity. Moreover, in some countries, more than 90% of the energy consumed is produced from biomass, i.e.,...

    • Is There an Advantage to Being Small? Security-related Development Cooperation of Four Smaller European States
      (pp. 125-144)
      Jan Pospisil and Stefan Khittel

      This paper examines the strategies, methods and practices of small states in the field of security-related development cooperation. The findings are then used as a basis for evaluating the potential influence and comparative advantages small states might have in the specific context of civil intervention in violent conflict by means of development cooperation in the future.

      With that objective in mind, the paper first presents a literature-based hypothesis on potential comparative advantages of small states in development and security policy, two sectors, which overlap in a field referred to as security-related development cooperation. Based on this, we present and compare...

    • Evaluating the Best Delivery Mode of Food Aid: Some Theoretical and Empirical Insights from Northeast Africa
      (pp. 145-172)
      Francesco Burchi and Sara Turchetti

      In the Rome Declaration of the 1996 World Food Summit (WFS) the international community committed itself to fighting world food insecurity, which hits developing countries the hardest. The Declaration was followed by a ‘Plan of Action’, which identified strategies and means to reduce food insecurity in the world. The Plan of Action covers several matters since there are many possible instruments that can be useful to alleviate hunger. The paper intends to investigate the use of one of them, food aid. Commitment 5 of the Plan stresses the need to reduce food insecurity through natural and man-made disaster prevention, thus...

  6. III The New Emerging European Donors
    • The Emergence of International Development Policies in Central and Eastern European States
      (pp. 175-194)
      Simon Lightfoot and Irene Lindenhovius Zubizarreta

      This paper examines the emergence of international development policies in the ten European Union² (EU) Member States from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). These states have had to re-orientate themselves within a short time span from being recipients of aid to becoming donors. This chapter reviews the state of development cooperation in CEE states after accession to the EU³ with a specific focus on the legal framework and institutions of development cooperation policy in CEE states; the aim, targets and focus of bilateral, multilateral and trilateral cooperation policies; and perceptions and attitudes towards development cooperation in the CEE states. It...

    • Hungarian Development Policy
      (pp. 195-222)
      Beata Paragi

      Hungary belongs to the Central European ‘wing’ of emerging donor countries. This categorisation refers to a group of countries sharing certain similar or common historical and political experiences. Contrary to the political dialogue in the region, these countries do not engage in formal or informal cooperation on their participation in international development assistance, regardless of whether they are members of the Visegrad Cooperation or not. Common experiences shared by these countries include changing perceptions of personal security, a decreasing standard of living, and a lack of a broad public interest and support for any meaningful role played by the country...

    • Policy Coherence for Development of the Czech Republic: Case Studies on Migration and Trade
      (pp. 223-258)
      Ondřej Horký

      The changes in the European population landscape that occurred when Bulgaria and Romania joined the European Union (EU) in 2007 has meant that one-fifth of all European citizens now live in a new member state (NMS).² However, their contribution to the EU’s official development assistance (ODA) is approximately only 1%.³ None of the new member states are members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), and only four Central European countries are OECD members. Moreover, the NMS provide the major part of their ODA through the EU budget and other compulsory contributions to multilateral organisations. According to the 2010 target...

  7. IV From the Global to the Local
    • The Role of European Local Governments in Development Cooperation: Examples from the Netherlands and Germany
      (pp. 261-290)
      Mariken Bontenbal

      The analysis and review in the academic discourse on European development cooperation has been largely geared towards bilateral and multinational donor assistance, on the one hand, and the role of NGOs and CBOs, on the other. The former category is mainly concerned with development cooperation at the macro level by national governments and international donor institutions, often focusing on public sector reform and good governance in relation to SWAPs and budgetary support. The latter type of cooperation is usually directed toward local level development and poverty reduction dealing with civic society, with NGOs in the North working in direct partnership...

    • The Role of Local and Regional Authorities in European Community Development Aid Policy: Beyond Decentralised Aid
      (pp. 291-320)
      Jokin Alberdi Bidaguren

      To avoid possible confusion about the contents of this paper, it is necessary to start by clarifying a number of concepts related to international development aid. First, there is a difference between the development aid of the European Union (EU) and community development aid. The latter refers to development aid to third countries which originates from, is planned and managed by, and in large measure also carried out by institutions of the European Community (EC).² This European aid, together with the aid from Member States is what is referred to as EU development aid. Community aid is complementary to that...

  8. List of Acronyms and Abbreviations
    (pp. 321-324)
  9. About the authors
    (pp. 325-328)
  10. Index
    (pp. 329-335)