Dynamism in Islamic Activism

Dynamism in Islamic Activism: Reference Points for Democratization and Human Rights

Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid
SCIENTIFIC COUNCIL FOR GOVERNMENT POLICY
Series: WRR Rapporten
Copyright Date: 2006
Pages: 240
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt46mth1
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  • Book Info
    Dynamism in Islamic Activism
    Book Description:

    The increased tensions surrounding radical Muslims and radical movements in the political Islam are not only manifested in the Western countries but also in the Muslim world itself. Tendencies and political movements that undermine the status quo have proliferated since the 1970s. They plead for a far-reaching islamization: funding politics, law and society on Islamic foundations. This study of the Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy (WRR) analyses the developments in Islamic beliefs, political activism, society and law since the 1970s. To what extent has islamization been successful? What are its consequences for attempts in and outside the Muslim world to come to extend democratization and respect for human rights? And what can the Netherlands and the European Union contribute to support developments towards democratization and human rights? This study is, among others, based on "http://www.aup.nl/do.php?a=show_visitor_booklist&b=series&series=33">extensive research of experts on the change of Islamic thinking and to the dynamics of law in twelve different Muslim countries. This title is available in the OAPEN Library - http://www.oapen.org.

    eISBN: 978-90-485-0552-4
    Subjects: Political Science, Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-4)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 5-6)
  3. SUMMARY
    (pp. 7-12)
  4. PREFACE
    (pp. 13-14)
  5. 1 INTRODUCTION
    (pp. 15-24)

    Over the last few decades, Islam has become an increasingly important political factor. The 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran marked the sensational start of a period in which Islamic activists gained increasing currency as political players (see box 1.1). Initially their influence appeared to be mostly limited to countries with a Muslim majority (‘Muslim countries’).¹ Terrorist attacks such as those in New York, Madrid, and London, however, have made it unambiguously clear that non-Muslim countries in the West also are a part of the image of the enemy for some Islamic groups. Indications of this have been around for much...

  6. 2 THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC POLITICAL THOUGHT
    (pp. 25-56)

    This chapter investigates which insights can be gained from the development of Islamic political thought since the 1970s and its relations with democracy and human rights. Are there reference points which could in the longer term reduce tensions regarding Islamic activism, and which could reinforce processes of democratization and the improvement of human rights within Muslim countries?

    It will be evident that Islamic thought on the design of the state, politics, and law offers a varied image. The thinkers presented here have sought, or continue to seek, new powers of expression for Islam within public life. They take part in...

  7. 3 THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC POLITICAL MOVEMENTS
    (pp. 57-108)

    Islamic political movements have been in the spotlight for some time. Farreaching political events such as the Iranian revolution (1979), the struggle of the Taliban in Afghanistan since the 1980s, the assassination of President Sadat (1981), and the bloody civil war in Algeria after the election victory of the Islamic fis party and the cancellation of the election results (1992) focused worldwide attention on militant Islamic groups. They gave violent expression to the Islamization effort: the establishment of politics, the state, society, and law on Islamic principles (Piscatori 1984: 1). That these are not isolated events is evident from the...

  8. 4 THE DEVELOPMENT OF LAW AND LEGAL SYSTEMS
    (pp. 109-152)

    This chapter examines the development of law and legal systems that has taken place in Muslim countries in recent decades under the influence of Islamic activism. An important question in this regard concerns the relationship between the Islamization of national law and the concept of human rights – and the possible rapprochement between them.

    In Muslim countries perhaps the most central aim of movements that are oriented toward Islamization is to introduce Islamic law – Sharia – into the national legal system. Islam is a religion that in its development has been strongly based on a just life: that is,...

  9. 5 POLICY PERSPECTIVE
    (pp. 153-214)

    The efforts by Islamic-inspired activists to take part in political power and to put law into an Islamic framework have caused considerable tension in the Muslim world. In addition, international Islamic terrorism in recent years has also led to fear of Islamic activism and Islamization in the West. This report focuses on the emotionally charged relationship between the Islamization of politics, the state, and law, on the one hand, and democracy and human rights, on the other, within the Muslim world. It examines the development of Islamic activism in Muslim countries and the possible starting points this offers for a...

  10. BIBLIOGRAPHY
    (pp. 215-228)
  11. Appendix 1 Comparison of the scores of Muslim countries with regard to political rights and civil liberties, early 1970s and 2003/2004
    (pp. 229-230)
  12. Appendix 2 Classification of Muslim countries by regime type – 2002
    (pp. 231-231)
  13. Appendix 3 Status of Islam and Sharia as a legal source in the constitutions of Muslim countries
    (pp. 232-233)
  14. Appendix 4: THE BARCELONA PROCESS, EMP AND ENP
    (pp. 234-236)
  15. GLOSSARY
    (pp. 237-238)