Half of Indonesia's massive population still lives on farms,
and for these tens of millions of people the revolutionary promise
of land reform remains largely unfulfilled. The Basic Agrarian Law,
enacted in the wake of the Indonesian Revolution, was supposed to
provide access to land and equitable returns for peasant farmers.
But fifty years later, the law's objectives of social justice have
not been achieved.
Land for the People provides a comprehensive look at land
conflict and agrarian reform throughout Indonesia's recent history,
from the roots of land conflicts in the prerevolutionary period,
and the Sukarno and Suharto regimes, to the present day, in which
democratization is creating new contexts for peoples' claims to the
land. Drawing on studies from across Indonesia's diverse landscape,
the contributors examine some of the most significant issues and
events affecting land rights, including shifts in policy from the
early postrevolutionary period to the New Order; the Land
Administration Project that formed the core of land policy during
the late New Order period; a long-running and representative
dispute over a golf course in West Java that pitted numerous
indigenous farmers in Kalimantan against the urban elite; Suharto's
notorious "million hectare" project that resulted in loss of access
to land and resources for numerous farmers; and the struggle by
Bandung's urban poor to be treated equitably in the context of
commercial land development. Together, these essays provide a
critical resource for understanding one of Indonesia's most
pressing and most influential issues.
Contributors: Afrizal, Dianto Bachriadi, Anton Lucas, John
McCarthy, John Mansford Prior, Gustaaf Reerink, Carol Warren, and
Subjects: Sociology, History, Business
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