Grasses of the Intermountain Region

Grasses of the Intermountain Region

Laurel K. Anderton
Mary E. Barkworth
Cindy Talbot Roché
Linda Ann Vorobik
Sandy Long
Annaliese Miller
Bee F. Gunn
Christine Roberts
Copyright Date: 2009
Pages: 576
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt4cgkpj
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  • Book Info
    Grasses of the Intermountain Region
    Book Description:

    Grasses of the Intermountain Region is a modification of the two grass volumes of the Flora of North America (FNA). It is designed for identifying members of the Poaceae in the region between the Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountains, and is intended for use by botanists working with the grasses in this intermountain region of North America. The reduction in number of taxa included from FNA has reduced the length of the keys and made it possible to include, in a single volume, descriptions and illustrations for all taxa treated as well as provide distribution maps for species that are established in the area. Another difference from the FNA volumes is that the maps in this volume show only records from IMR and adjacent areas rather than the full North America range of the taxa.

    eISBN: 978-0-87421-777-3
    Subjects: General Science, Botany & Plant Sciences

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Preface
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Authors of treatments
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Abbreviations
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Taxonomic Treatments
    (pp. 1-2)
  7. POACEAE or GRAMINEAE
    (pp. 3-5)

    Pl ann or per; usu terrestrial, smt aquatic; tufted, mat-forming, csp, pluricsp, or with solitary culms (flower stems), rhz and stln often well developed. Clm ann or per, herbaceous or woody, usu erect or ascending, smt prostrate or decumbent for much of their length, occ climbing, rarely floating; nd prominent, smt concealed by lf shth; intnd hollow or solid, bases meristematic; brchg from the bas nd only or from bas, mid, and up nd; bas brchg exvag or invag; up brchg invag, exvag, or infvag. Lvs alternate, 2-ranked, each composed of a shth and bld encircling the clm or br;...

  8. Key to Tribes
    (pp. 5-7)
  9. BAMBUSOIDEAE
    (pp. 7-8)

    Pl usu per, rarely ann, rhz. Clm woody or herbaceous, hollow or solid; often developing complex vegetative brchg; lvs distichous, if complex vegetative brchg present, lvs of the clm (culm leaves) differing from those of the vegetative br (foliage leaves); aur often present; abx lig rarely present on the clm lvs, usu present on the foliage lvs; adx lig memb or chartaceous, ciliate or not; psdpet smt present on the clm lvs, usu present on the foliage lvs; bld usu relatively broad, venation parallel, often with evident cross venation; mesophyll nonradiate; adx palisade layer usu absent; fusoid cells usu well...

  10. EHRHARTOIDEAE
    (pp. 8-11)

    Pl ann or per. Clm ann, smt woody, hollow or solid. Lvs distichous; shth open; aur smt present; abx lig absent; adx lig memb, scarious, or of hairs; psdpet smt present; bld rarely cordate or sagittate at the base, venation parallel; mesophyll not radiate; adx palisade layer usu absent; fusoid cells smt present; arm cells absent or present; Kranz anatomy not developed; midribs simple or complex; adx bulliform cells present; stomates with dome-shaped or triangular subsidiary cells; bicellular microhairs present, tml cells tapered; papillae smt present. Infl pan, rcm, or spikes, rarely with bracts other than those of the spklt;...

  11. POOIDEAE
    (pp. 11-170)

    Pl ann or per; smt matlike, smt ces, smt stln, smt rhz. Clm usu hollow, smt solid. Lvs distichous; shth usu open to the base, varying to closed for nearly their full length; aur present or absent; abx lig absent; adx lig scarious or memb, smt puberulent or scabridulous, usu not ciliate, cilia smt shorter than the base; psdpet rarely present; bld usu linear, smt broadly so, venation parallel; cross sections non-Kranz, mesophyll nonradiate, adx palisade layer absent, fusoid and arm cells usu absent; midribs usu simple; adx bulliform cells present; stomates with parallel-sided subsidiary cells; epdm usu lacking bicellular...

  12. ARUNDINOIDEAE
    (pp. 170-173)

    Pl usu per; ces or not, smt rhz, smt stln. Clm 15–1000 cm, ann, herbaceous to somewhat woody, intnd usu hollow. Lvs usu mostly cauline, often conspicuously distichous; shth usu open; aur usu absent; abx lig usu absent (of hairs in Hakonechloa); adx lig memb or of hairs, if memb, often ciliate; bld without psdpet, smt deciduous at maturity; mesophyll usu non-radiate (radiate in Arundo); adx palisade layer absent; fusoid cells absent; arm cells usu absent (present in Phragmites); Kranz anatomy absent; midribs simple; adx bulliform cells present; stomatal subsidiary cells low domeshaped or triangular; bicellular microhairs usu present,...

  13. CHLORIDOIDEAE
    (pp. 173-223)

    Pl ann or per; usu synoecious, smt monoecious or dioecious; habit varied. Clm usu ann, smt becoming somewhat woody, intnd solid or hollow. Lvs smt conspicuously distichous; shth usu open; aur absent; abx lig usu absent, smt present as a line of hairs; adx lig memb, often ciliate with cilia longer than the memb base, smt not ciliate; bld not psdpet; mesophyll usu radiate; adx palisade layer not present; fusoid cells absent; arm cells absent; Kranz anatomy present; midrib simple; adx bulliform cells present; stomatal subsidary cells dome-shaped or triangular; bicellular microhairs present, usu with a short, wide apical cell;...

  14. DANTHONIOIDEAE
    (pp. 223-227)

    Pl usu per, smt ann; when per, ces, rhz, or stln. Clm usu solid, rarely hollow. Lvs distichous; shth usu open; abx lig usu absent; aur usu absent; adx lig of hairs or memb and ciliate; bld not psdpet; mesophyll non-radiate; adx palisade layer absent; fusoid cells absent; arm cells absent; Kranz anatomy absent; midrib simple, usu with 1 vascular bundle (an arc of bundles in Cortaderia); adx bulliform cells present or not; stomata usu with dome-shaped or parallel-sided subsidiary cells (rarely slightly triangular or high dome-shaped); bicellular microhairs usu present, distal cell long, narrow; papillae usu absent. Infl ebracteate...

  15. ARISTIDOIDEAE
    (pp. 227-234)

    Pl ann or per; usu ces. Clm ann, erect, solid or hollow, usu unbrchd. Lvs distichous; shth usu open; aur absent; abx lig absent or of hairs; adx lig memb and ciliate or of hairs; bld without psdpet; mesophyll cells radiate or non-radiate; adx palisade layer absent; fusoid cells absent; arm cells absent; Kranz anatomy absent or present, when present, with 1 or 2 parenchyma shth; midribs simple; adx bulliform cells present; stomatal subsidiary cells dome-shaped or triangular; bicellular microhairs present, with long, slender, thin-walled tml cells. Infl tml, not lfy, usu pan, smt spikes or rcm. Spklt bisex, with...

  16. PANICOIDEAE
    (pp. 234-274)

    Pl ann or per; synoecious, monoecious, or dioecious; primarily herbaceous, habit varied. Clm ann, usu solid, smt somewhat woody, smt decumbent, often brchd above the base. Lvs distichous; shth usu open; aur usu absent; abx lig usu absent, occ present as a line of hairs; adx lig memb, smt also ciliate, or of hairs, smt absent; bld smt psdpet; mesophyll radiate or non-radiate; adx palisade layer absent; fusoid cells usu absent; arm cells usu absent; Kranz anatomy absent or present; midribs usu simple, rarely complex; adx bulliform cells present; stomata with triangular or dome-shaped subsidiary cells; bicellular microhairs usu present,...

  17. Illustrations
    (pp. 275-490)
  18. Distribution Maps
    (pp. 491-514)
  19. Literature Cited
    (pp. 515-524)
  20. Index
    (pp. 525-558)
  21. Abbreviations
    (pp. 559-559)