Cicero, Against Verres, 2.1.53–86

Cicero, Against Verres, 2.1.53–86: Latin Text with Introduction, Study Questions, Commentary and English Translation

Ingo Gildenhard
Volume: 1
Copyright Date: 2011
Published by: Open Book Publishers
Pages: 205
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt5vjt10
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    Cicero, Against Verres, 2.1.53–86
    Book Description:

    Looting, despoiling temples, attempted rape and judicial murder: these are just some of the themes of this classic piece of writing by one of the world’s greatest orators. This particular passage is from the second book of Cicero’s Speeches against Verres, who was a former Roman magistrate on trial for serious misconduct. Cicero presents the lurid details of Verres’ alleged crimes in exquisite and sophisticated prose. This volume provides a portion of the original text of Cicero’s speech in Latin, a detailed commentary, study aids, and a translation. As a literary artefact, the speech gives us insight into how the supreme master of Latin eloquence developed what we would now call rhetorical "spin”. As an historical document, it provides a window into the dark underbelly of Rome’s imperial expansion and exploitation of the Near East. Ingo Gildenhard’s illuminating commentary on this A-Level set text will be of particular interest to students of Latin at both high school and undergraduate level. It will also be a valuable resource to Latin teachers and to anyone interested in Cicero, language and rhetoric, and the legal culture of Ancient Rome.

    eISBN: 978-1-906924-55-3
    Subjects: History, Language & Literature

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Acknowledgements
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Preface
    (pp. ix-xiv)
  5. Introduction
    (pp. 1-20)

    In 70 BC, when Gnaeus Pompeius and Marcus Licinius Crassus shared the consulship for the first time, Romeʹs rising star in oratory, Marcus Tullius Cicero, successfully prosecuted Gaius Verres on the charge of misconduct, especially extortion, during his term as governor of Sicily (73–71 BC). Cicero won the case against major resistance. Verresʹ pockets were sufficiently deep for an extensive campaign of bribery. In Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica, Lucius Cornelius Sisenna, and Quintus Hortensius Hortalus, the consul designate for 69 and a formidable public speaker, Verres managed to recruit a group of defence advocates brimming with nobility...

  6. Latin Text and Study Questions
    (pp. 21-54)

    [53] Aspendum vetus oppidum et nobile in Pamphylia scitis esse, plenissimum signorum optimorum. Non dicam illinc hoc signum ablatum esse et illud. hoc dico, nullum te Aspendi signum, Verres, reliquisse, omnia ex fanis, ex locis publicis, palam, spectantibus omnibus, plaustris evecta exportataque esse. Atque etiam illum Aspendium citharistam, de quo saepe audistis id quod est Graecis hominibus in proverbio, quem omnia ʹintus canereʹ dicebant, sustulit et in intimis suis aedibus posuit, ut etiam illum ipsum suo artificio superasse videatur.

    Identify the three superlatives in the paragraph.

    What case isAspendi?

    What case isVerres?

    Explain the syntax ofquem omnia...

  7. Commentary
    (pp. 55-166)

    Ciceroʹs main aim in this paragraph is to illustrate the magnitude of Verresʹ greed, in particular how it manifests itself in comprehensive looting. The contrast between what Cicero willnotsay and what heissaying (non dicam – hoc dico), made more forceful by the demonstrative pronounhoc, is between selective thieving and systematic plunder. The paragraph thus continues themes that are prominent throughout Ciceroʹs portrayal of Verres: complete lack of self-control, resulting in the uninhibited indulgence in excessive behaviour, especially where objects of art and sex are concerned.

    A key theme in the paragraph is Ciceroʹs depiction of...

  8. List of Abbreviations
    (pp. 167-168)
  9. List of Rhetorical Terms
    (pp. 169-174)
  10. Translation
    (pp. 175-188)
  11. Appendix: Issues for Further Discussion
    (pp. 189-192)
  12. Map of Italy and the Greek East
    (pp. 193-194)
  13. Back Matter
    (pp. 195-197)