Brave New Canada

Brave New Canada: Meeting the Challenge of a Changing World

Copyright Date: 2014
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  • Book Info
    Brave New Canada
    Book Description:

    Globalization and the shifting tectonic plates of the international system have led to an increasingly competitive world. If Canada hopes to gain advantage from the dramatic developments underway it will have to aggressively adapt its foreign and domestic policies and priorities under the clear direction of the federal government or accept being left behind. In Brave New Canada, Derek Burney and Fen Hampson identify the key trends that are reshaping the world's geopolitics and economics and discuss the challenges Canada confronts with the rise of China and other global centres of power. Their examination of a wide range of themes - including the place of pluralistic democratic values in diplomacy, economics, and trade, the ways that Canada should reset relations with its neighbour to the south, as well as how to manage new global security threats - paints a picture of how Canada can become bold, assertive, and confident and easily adjust to a new global landscape. Arguing that a successful foreign policy cannot be crafted by looking at the world in the rear-view mirror, Brave New Canada offers evidence-based, provocative prescriptions for both the public and private sectors that should stimulate discussion and command widespread attention.

    eISBN: 978-0-7735-9621-4
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Abbreviations and Acronyms
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Foreword
    (pp. ix-xii)

    I get the feeling that if policymakers feel like they have been grabbed by the lapels and shaken by this book and its compelling, even urgent, message, the authors will be pleased but not satisfied until we start doing something about it.

    Mark them well. Their message is quite simply that Canada must not only aggressively engage with the emerging markets of the Asia-Pacific and the developing world, but that we also need a wholesale reorientation of our foreign policy and national mindset to secure Canada’s future in a rapidly changing world.

    Unparalleled levels of cooperation between the federal government,...

  5. Preface
    (pp. xiii-2)
  6. 1 Five New Challenges in a Turbulent World
    (pp. 3-18)

    Aldous Huxley’sBrave New Worldwas intended as satire but there is nothing satirical about the need for Canada to be brave in meeting the challenges of a dramatically changing world. The purpose of this book is to explain those changes and present ideas on how Canada should respond.

    With the collapse of the Berlin Wall and then the Soviet Union more than twenty years ago, then-US president George H.W. Bush predicted that the world was on the cusp of a “New World Order.” To other pundits, in the memorable phrase of the American political scientist Francis Fukuyama, we had...

  7. 2 Canada-US: A Time to Reset
    (pp. 19-34)

    Canadians have conflicting sentiments about their southern neighbour, covering a gamut of emotions ranging from admiration and envy to suspicion and moral superiority. The latter prompted US Secretary of State Dean Acheson on one occasion to chide Canada for acting “like the stern daughter of the voice of God.”¹ The lop-sided power imbalance has a lot do with Canadian anxieties. The fact that it often prompts more neglect (usually benign) than attention for Canada from Washington only compounds the challenge for those managing the relationship – a relationship that over the years has seen many ups and downs, but that now...

  8. 3 The Global Economic Transformation
    (pp. 35-59)

    The global economy is changing dramatically, but Canada has not kept pace. The Chinese, Indian, Brazilian, Korean, Mexican, Indonesian, and Turkish economies have been expanding at more than twice the rate of Canada’s more traditional markets.¹ Although growth rates are now slowing in some (but clearly not all) emerging markets, the reality is that by the middle of this decade emerging economies will account for more than half of the world’s production and consumption of goods and services.

    Although Prime Minister Stephen Harper and his ministers have made significant strides in boosting Canada’s ties with emerging economies with a steady...

  9. 4 An Age of Diminished Multilateralism
    (pp. 60-82)

    If the late 1940s and 1950s could be called the “golden age” of Canadian diplomacy as a consequence of our contribution to the creation of multilateral institutions, the second decade of the twenty-first century should be called an era of “diminished multilateralism,” one where we cannot place too much stock, or faith, in formal international institutions to deliver critical global public goods. That is because, wherever one looks, global multilateral institutions are in trouble. Climate change negotiations in the United Nations have produced little in the way of concrete results other than heated rhetoric and frequent flier points for the...

  10. 5 Managing New Global Security Threats
    (pp. 83-111)

    Today, citizens and leaders around the world see the world not as a Manichean struggle between two competing political systems – communism versus democracy – but in more immediate if disaggregated terms. International security is broken into many parts as people and their governments attempt to address a wide range of different security challenges and threats. Many of these threats are generated within individual societies, but they also spread across borders to their surrounding environment, and at times become affected by unhealthy regional dynamics. To further complicate the picture, today’s security threats encompass a whole series of other factors, such as the...

  11. 6 Restoring the Allure of Pluralistic Democratic Values
    (pp. 112-128)

    On 14 August 2013, Canadians and the rest of the world woke up to the news that hundreds of Egyptians had died when security forces stormed two encampments where supporters of ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi had been holed up to protest his overthrow by Egypt’s military. The television scenes of hundreds of dead Egyptians, many of them young teenagers, were appalling. Yet the bloodshed that day was simply the beginning of an escalating pattern of violence that has engulfed the Arab world’s most populous country. Marking a return to repressive rule in the style of Egypt’s former dictator Hosni...

  12. 7 Managing Internal Fault Lines
    (pp. 129-153)

    Not all the challenges facing Canada are external. As a nation with more geography than history, and often more points of differentiation than cohesion, internal management poses difficulties which, at times, seem insurmountable.

    In March of 1974, the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry, also known as the Berger Inquiry after its head, Justice Tom Berger, was commissioned by the Government of Canada to investigate the social, environmental, and economic impact of a proposed pipeline to transmit gas through the Yukon and Mackenzie River Valley of the Northwest Territories. The inquiry cost $5.3 million.¹ The report compiled 40,000 pages of text and...

  13. 8 Invigorating and Engaging the Private Sector
    (pp. 154-173)

    Governments alone cannot meet the challenges posed by the global transformation. The private sector has to be a full and committed partner. Business executives have to move out of the “cocoon of comfort” that our resource base and proximity to the world’s largest market has provided for decades. In some ways, Canada is too much like the man who was born on third base and thought he had hit a triple.

    Canada is endowed with abundant natural resources – from energy to minerals and agriculture, along with huge reservoirs of fresh water – and yet the crutch of geography hobbles our inclination...

  14. 9 A Third Option with Legs
    (pp. 174-188)

    On Canada Day, 1 July 2013, Prime Minister Harper described Canada as a “land of hope in a sea of uncertainty.”¹ A combination of frustration, fear, and fatigue is more evident than hope or optimism. It is a time of global uncertainty. There is much in the world that prompts deep concern: a sluggish jobless recovery following the fiscal crisis that paralyzed many western economies; the Arab Spring and unpredictable risks posed by Islamic extremists; the spectacular rise of China economically and potentially politically as well; the spectre of a nuclear Iran even as arms control talks continue; the unravelling...

  15. Notes
    (pp. 189-208)
  16. Index
    (pp. 209-218)