Master Sorai's Responsals

Master Sorai's Responsals: An Annotated Translation of Sorai sensei tōmonsho

Samuel Hideo Yamashita
Copyright Date: 1994
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  • Book Info
    Master Sorai's Responsals
    Book Description:

    Master Sorai's Responsals was to eighteenth-century Japan what The Prince was to Renaissance Italy. Like Machiavelli, Ogyu Sorai (1666-1728) was a humanist scholar who served a prince (one of the shogun's chief lieutenants) and drew on his experiences as a house philosopher and on his vast knowledge of history and political affairs in his work. In 1720, when he began to write the letters that comprise this text, the Tokugawa regime was more than a hundred years old and beset with grave administrative and fiscal problems, about which Sorai had much to say.Samuel Yamashita's impressive translation of this work offers modern readers a rare glimpse of the prevailing political discourse of the day and the specific concepts that rulers had at their disposal as they struggled to manage their domains, find talented men for their bureaucracies, create new sources of revenue, and keep their subjects well fed and happy.Sorai himself, of course, is a presence in the text. He is by tunes earnest, frank, impatient, utterly confident, and occasionally condescending. Unlike his Renaissance counterpart, he is something of an optimist: he was convinced that the introduction of archaic Chinese culture and institutions to Japan would solve its myriad problems.Well-versed in Chinese history, philosophy, religion, medicine, and belles lettres, Sorai holds forth on everything from archaic Chinese divination to Sung poetry and prose. He offers advice on how to become a Confucian gentleman, how to learn to read classical Chinese, and which books to read and which to avoid. He even discusses his belief in a sentient, Chinese-style "heaven," a topic not well understood by modern scholars. Long regarded as one of Sorai's best works, Master Sorai's Reponsals bristles with the sharp and clear opinions of the most influential thinker of Tokugawa Japan.

    eISBN: 978-0-8248-6353-1
    Subjects: Philosophy

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. Ogyū Sorai: His Life, Context, and Interpreters
    (pp. 1-32)

    Sometime around 1720, a Confucian scholar named Ogyū Sorai began to correspond with two young warriors in a small feudal domain in northwestern Japan. The two men, Mizuno Genrō and Hikita Yakara, sent him letters filled with queries about a range of topics—courage, military tactics, the meaning of key Confucian terms, finding talented individuals for the domain’s bureaucracy, economic profit, Buddhism, spirits, and, above all, how to study the Confucian classics—and Sorai obligingly responded, writing what were more like scholarly disquisitions than letters. The correspondence lasted for nearly five years, and Sorai’s letters—thirty-five in all—were published...

  5. Master Sorai’s Responsals
    (pp. 33-116)

    1. I received your request for advice about things that would be beneficial. Although you live in a distant province, I truly feel the intensity of your interest. The Way of the Sages is a broad, great, and infinite affair. If I were to describe the way of the Gentleman, I would say that nothing is more important than Humanity (C.jen, J.jin). Most people interpret Humanity as “Compassion” (’u-pei, J.jihi), but this is not the best rendering, as there are many kinds of compassion. The Sung Confucians’ theory of heavenly principle and human desires dates from later...

    (pp. 117-124)
  7. INDEX
    (pp. 125-132)
  8. Back Matter
    (pp. 133-134)