Producing Security

Producing Security: Multinational Corporations, Globalization, and the Changing Calculus of Conflict

Stephen G. Brooks
Copyright Date: 2005
Pages: 336
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  • Book Info
    Producing Security
    Book Description:

    Scholars and statesmen have debated the influence of international commerce on war and peace for thousands of years. Over the centuries, analysts have generally treated the questions "Does international commerce influence security?" and "Do trade flows influence security?" as synonymous.

    InProducing Security, Stephen Brooks maintains that such an overarching focus on the security implications of trade once made sense but no longer does. Trade is no longer the primary means of organizing international economic transactions; rather, where and how multinational corporations (MNCs) organize their international production activities is now the key integrating force of global commerce.

    MNC strategies have changed in a variety of fundamental ways over the past three decades, Brooks argues, resulting in an increased geographic dispersion of production across borders. The author shows that the globalization of production has led to a series of shifts in the global security environment. It has a differential effect on security relations, in part because it does not encompass all countries and industries to the same extent. The book's findings indicate that the geographic dispersion of MNC production acts as a significant force for peace among the great powers. The author concludes that there is no basis for optimism that the globalization of production will promote peace elsewhere in the world. Indeed, he finds that it has a net negative influence on security relations among developing countries.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-4130-1
    Subjects: Political Science, Business

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. List of Figures
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. List of Tables
    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xiii-xvi)
  6. CHAPTER 1 Introduction
    (pp. 1-15)

    Scholars and statesmen have debated the influence of international commerce on war and peace for thousands of years. Around a.d. 100, Plutarch maintained that international commerce brought about “cooperation and friendship” and that the cessation of commercial exchange would cause the life of man to be “savage and destitute.”¹ This line of reasoning became particularly prominent in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries with the writings of philosophers such as Adam Smith, Jeremy Bentham, Immanuel Kant, Thomas Paine, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Montesquieu, and John Stuart Mill.² These men were united in their belief that enhanced international commerce made war among states more...

  7. CHAPTER 2 Understanding the Globalization of Production
    (pp. 16-46)

    The globalization of production is a historically unprecedented change in the international economy. Because of the novelty of this global production shift, many of its key elements are insufficiently understood by international relations scholars, especially analysts who focus on security issues. The principal goal of this chapter, therefore, is to outline several key features of this dramatic ongoing change in the global economy.

    This chapter is divided into five sections. The first section provides a general portrait of the rapidly growing significance of multinational corporations (MNCs) in the global economy. The second, third, and fourth sections, respectively, review three global...

  8. CHAPTER 3 Theoretical Foundations
    (pp. 47-79)

    In this chapter, I provide the theoretical foundations for the book. The first section delineates the three key puzzles that require analysis and the specific mechanisms I focus on. I show how these mechanisms correspond with the main theoretical approaches to the influence of the global economy on security. The remainder of the chapter outlines the deductive basis for the three theories examined in the empirical analysis. The second, third, and fourth sections specify the expected influence of the globalization of production on the economic benefits of conquest, the dynamics of regional economic integration among developing countries, and the trade-off...

  9. CHAPTER 4 The Globalization of Production and Military Technological Competitiveness
    (pp. 80-128)

    Military technology has always played a pivotal role in security affairs. With the onset of the industrial revolution, the importance of technology greatly increased: “Where once war was waged by men employing machines, more and more war was seen as a contest between machines that are served, maintained and managed by men.”¹ By the dawn of World War II, the development of military technology had achieved such scale and importance that governments began to devote vast resources to enhance their long-term military technological competitiveness.² Over the centuries, “most countries have preferred to be self-sufficient in arms production.”³ The dynamics of...

  10. CHAPTER 5 The Globalization of Production, Economic Integration, and Regional Security in the Developing World
    (pp. 129-160)

    The security rapprochement between France and Germany that followed in the wake of West European regional economic integration efforts is an alluring model for many policymakers in the developing world. It is possible that simply initiating a regional trade agreement (RTA) may improve intraregional security relations to some degree.¹ All the theory we have, however, indicates that only theconsolidationof an RTA contributes to a significant overall shift in security relations. Forming a group does not of itself lead to the key dynamics scholars identify by which integration promotes an improved security climate: an enhanced network of transactions between...

  11. CHAPTER 6 The Globalization of Production and the Economic Benefits of Conquest
    (pp. 161-206)

    This chapter will evaluate whether the globalization of production has led to shifts in the structures of the most advanced states that would prevent a conqueror from effectively extracting economic gains from vanquished territory. It is important to recognize that many factors influence the overall profitability of military conquest, including: (1) military costs, of defeating the vanquished state, of conflicts with other states that result from conquest, and of defending the conquered territory from counterattacks, (2) the costs of economic sanctions imposed by other states in response to conquest, and (3) the benefits of capturing strategic territory. In addition to...

  12. CHAPTER 7 Current Security Implications of the Globalization of Production
    (pp. 207-245)

    The globalization of production is a dramatic, historically unprecedented development in the global economy. The analysis in this book shows that the geographic dispersion of MNC production has already reshaped the global security environment in three specific ways. First, no state can now effectively remain on the cutting edge in military technology if it does not pursue significant internationalization in weapons production. Second, the globalization of production has greatly reduced the economic benefits of military conquest among the most advanced countries. Third, this global production shift can, under certain conditions, increase the prospects for peace by contributing to the consolidation...

  13. CHAPTER 8 Looking toward the Future
    (pp. 246-266)

    The conclusions in the previous chapter—that the globalization of production is positive for the great powers, negative for developing countries, and mixed for great power/developing country relations—were based upon an analysis of the three mechanisms that have been the focus of this study. In this chapter, I will analyze a series of additional mechanisms. As was noted in chapter 1, there are a total of five other mechanisms by which the geographic dispersion of MNC production can influence security. Two of these additional mechanisms were already discussed in chapter 3: (1) outward FDI from the leading state can...

  14. Bibliography
    (pp. 267-294)
  15. Index of Sources
    (pp. 295-302)
  16. General Index
    (pp. 303-316)