The Engagement of India

The Engagement of India: Strategies and Responses

Copyright Date: 2014
Pages: 224
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  • Book Info
    The Engagement of India
    Book Description:

    As India emerges as a significant global actor, diverse states have sought to engage India with divergent agendas and interests. Some states aspire to improve their relations with New Delhi, while others pursue the transformation of Indian foreign policy-and even India itself-to suit their interests.The Engagement of Indiaexplores the strategies that key states have employed to engage and shape the relationship with a rising and newly vibrant India, their successes and failures, and Indian responses-positive, ambivalent, and sometimes hostile-to engagement. A multinational team of contributors examine the ways in which Australia, China, Japan, Russia, and the United States have each sought to engage India for various purposes, explore the ways in which India has responded, and assess India's own strategies to engage with Singapore, Vietnam, Indonesia, and the Central Asian republics.This informative analysis of the foreign relations of a key rising power, and first comparative study of engagement strategies, casts light on the changing nature of Indian foreign policy and the processes that shape its future.The Engagement of Indiashould be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, diplomacy, and South Asia.

    eISBN: 978-1-62616-087-3
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-x)
    (pp. 1-18)
    Ian Hall

    For much of the cold war, most of the major powers could safely neglect India. India had friends in the developing world, but relations with most of the industrialized world were often strained. In its immediate region, India met with persistent “sibling rivalry” from Pakistan and remained locked in a “protracted contest” with China.¹ While India forged a mutually beneficial relationship with the Soviet Union after 1971, its ongoing economic woes and rhetorical commitment to nonalignment “estranged” the country from Western states and other major Asian states, including Japan.²

    The end of the Cold War, however, brought change. Initially India...

    (pp. 19-38)
    Daniel Twining

    US-indian relations in the two decades following the Cold War offer a useful case study into strategies of engagement between previously alienated great powers. Following four decades of cool-to-adversarial relations, India and the United States redefined their relationship in light of structural changes to the international system. Unlike changes in other key international relationships, however, this transformation did not begin in 1989. Indeed, Washington and New Delhi spent much of the 1990s feuding—over India’s opposition to American hegemony in the international system, the role of humanitarian intervention in the post–Cold War era, and India’s development of nuclear weapons....

  7. CHAPTER 3 JAPAN’S INDIA ENGAGEMENT: From Different Worlds to Strategic Partners
    (pp. 39-60)
    H. D. P. Envall

    In small steps at first, and notwithstanding some significant setbacks, Japan has sought to engage more strongly with India since the end of the Cold War. Exemplified by the 2006 “strategic and global partnership,” which encompassed both economic and security relations, Japan’s new engagement with India raises some important questions.¹ What has Japan sought to achieve, and how has it sought to achieve it? And what factors have shaped Japan’s approach? The demise of the Soviet Union, China’s rise, Japan’s economic decline, the globalization of the US-Japanese alliance, and India’s own receptiveness to deeper engagement have all played a part...

  8. CHAPTER 4 RUSSIA’S ENGAGEMENT OF INDIA: Securing the Longevity of a “Special and Privileged” Strategic Partnership
    (pp. 61-88)
    Lavina Lee

    Apart from a brief drift in relations in the immediate aftermath of the Soviet collapse, the India–Soviet Union/Russia story is one of consistent engagement from the late 1960s, which over time has resulted in a relationship based on a deep level of trust unsurpassed in their relations with any other state. Despite the end of the Cold War, Indian-Russian relations have, if anything, deepened in many sectors. The questions that this chapter addresses are how has Russia sought to engage India, what objectives has it sought to achieve, and why has this proved to be so successful despite the...

  9. CHAPTER 5 INDIA AND CHINA: Strategic Engagements in Central Asia
    (pp. 89-110)
    Louise Merrington

    Discussions of indian and Chinese interactions in Asia commonly focus on East Asia and the Indian Ocean. The vast Central Asian interior to the west, however, is becoming an increasingly important strategic playground for both countries. Home to vast reserves of oil and natural gas, as well as Islamist militants and unstable, dictatorial regimes, the five former Soviet Central Asian republics (CARs) of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan are slowly being factored into both Indian and Chinese foreign policy, particularly in the context of energy security. How China and India approach this region, however, is quite different. While China...

    (pp. 111-128)
    Harsh V. Pant

    In engaging new delhi over the last two decades, China has primarily relied on an exchange strategy of economic engagement and a partial conformity with India in its views on global issues. But this strategy has failed to produce any breakthrough in Sino-Indian relations. In the absence of a serious diplomatic engagement that tackles some of the thorniest issues dogging Sino-Indian relations for years, there is little likelihood of an improvement in Sino-Indian ties. Despite growing economic linkages, there is a rising suspicion among Indian elites that China does not take India seriously and, worse, is working actively to stymie...

    (pp. 129-146)
    Ian Hall

    India has been called Australia’s “neglected neighbor,” and many observers complain that it has long lacked the level of official and public interest it deserves.¹ Yet for more than forty years, successive Australian governments have sought—periodically but quite sincerely—to engage India and to build stronger bilateral ties, especially in trade and regional security. These attempts at engagement have, admittedly, been fitful, and they have not always borne fruit. Sometimes they have not succeeded for simple reasons: a lack of mutual interests, understanding, or investment; a change of government; or a foreign policy misstep. But the history of these...

  12. CHAPTER 8 INDIA’S ENGAGEMENTS WITH SOUTHEAST ASIA: Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia
    (pp. 147-168)
    David Brewster

    Over the last two decades, India has assumed an increasingly important economic, political, and strategic role in Southeast Asia. Its regional engagements are primarily economic but also have important political and strategic elements. This chapter provides an overview of the development of India’s relationship with Southeast Asia and considers how the region has engaged with India, focusing on three key regional partners: Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia.

    India’s engagement with Southeast Asia can be understood in different ways. While India has not clearly articulated any “grand strategy” in relation to Southeast Asia, several themes can be discerned. Deeper economic engagement is...

  13. CHAPTER 9 PARADIGM SHIFT: India during and after the Cold War
    (pp. 169-184)
    Rajesh Basrur

    Although the rising profile of India in international politics has produced a burgeoning literature, much of this has lacked a theoretical foundation and a systematic understanding of critical aspects of this rise.¹ There is a general consensus that Indian foreign policy has undergone a dramatic change, with the period around 1990–91 as a watershed—a time when India abandoned its central guiding principles: autarky and nonalignment. Ideology, it is said, no longer drives India’s relationship with the external world; rather, it has become a “pragmatic” power that today barely gives a passing nod to nonalignment, the foreign policy cornerstone...

  14. CHAPTER 10 CONCLUSION: Engagement, India, and the Changing International Order
    (pp. 185-202)
    Nick Bisley

    India has gone from being a marginal and marginalized member of international society to one actively and assiduously courted by powerful states. The chapters in this book have examined some of the most important of these engagement efforts. Fundamental to all these is the sense that the international system is experiencing a period of “power transition.”¹ These are periods that international history suggests are dangerous. In the past when dominant powers waned and new players have ascended, these shifts have created permissive contexts for war. In classical history, the Peloponnesian War, as recounted by Thucydides, famously had as its starting...

  15. List of Contributors
    (pp. 203-204)
  16. INDEX
    (pp. 205-217)