Notion of Tolerance and Human Rights

Notion of Tolerance and Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Raymond Klibansky

Ethel Grofier
Michel Paradis
Copyright Date: 1991
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt7zt3sb
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  • Book Info
    Notion of Tolerance and Human Rights
    Book Description:

    Former colleagues of distinguished philosopher Raymond Klibansky examine tolerance from a number of perspectives, including historical roots in Bayle and Locke, the plea for tolerance in literature and poetry, as well as judicial, cultural and societal aspects.

    eISBN: 978-0-7735-8220-0
    Subjects: Philosophy

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. CONTRIBUTORS
    (pp. ix-xii)
  4. AVANT-PROPOS
    (pp. xiii-xvi)
    Ethel Groffier and Michel Paradis

    D’anciens étudiants et collègues, des amis du Professeur Raymond Klibansky, tous liés à I’université McGill, ont réfléchi sur ce qu’il leur avait apporté. Ils se sont souvenu du pédagogue qui ouvre des horizons, du catalyseur qui précipite une vocation, du maître attentif qui fait naître l’enthousiasme, de I’ami qui découvre le poste inespéré, l’occasion inattendue, le contact essentiel, le livre qui manquait. Ces essais sont un modeste témoignage de leur gratitude.

    Deux séries de “Mélanges” ont déjà été offerts au Professeur Klibansky. LaRevue Internationale de Philosophielui a dédié un numéro thématique, “Méthode et philosophie de l’histoire”, en 1975,...

  5. 1. TOLERATION THEORIES: BAYLE VS. LOCKE
    (pp. 1-12)
    Harry M. Bracken

    As is well–known, Pierre Bayle and John Locke Lived in Rotterdam for parts of the 1680s. As is also well–known, both wrote major works on religious toleration. I shall survey their respective accounts, underscore their differences, and briefly suggest some reasons why Locke’s theory has long since taken precedence over Bayle’s. I shall also explore the question of whether Bayle and Locke knew one another.

    Bayle wrote his great work (published anonymously in 1686–7) after the Edict of Nantes had been revoked (1685) and the modest rights that had been accorded Rotestants destroyed. His full title reads...

  6. 2. JOHN LOCKE: TOLERATION AND THE CIVIC VIRTUES
    (pp. 13-24)
    Désirée Park

    “But to come down to particulars, I say first that no doctrines, incompatible with human society, and contrary to the good morals which are necessary for the preservation of civil society, are to be tolerated by the magistrate.”¹

    Quite so, but not precisely for the reasons that Locke gives in hisLetter on Toleration. The first task of this paper is therefore to trace the justification that Locke offers for this claim, and to examine the other exceptions that he makes to his general principle of religious toleration. There then follows a discussion of what I shall call the ‘civic...

  7. 3. LES FONDEMENTS DE LA TOLÉRANCE UNIVERSELLE CHEZ BAYLE: LA SÉPARATION DE LÉGLISE ET DE LÉTAT
    (pp. 25-36)
    Michel Paradis

    Personne ne saura jamais ce que Bayle pensait vraiment. On ne peut que spéculer sur la base de ce qu’il a fait, de ce qu’il a écrit, où, comment, et dans quells circonstances. Mais de tells réflexions resteront à jamais Spéculatives et colorées par les préjugés et les convictions du chercheur, comme Bayle lui-même n’aurait pas manqué de le souligner. Par conséquent, le but de ce chapitre n’est pas de proposer une conjecture supplémentaire sur les réelles convictions fidéistes ou sceptiques de Bayle, mais de dégaget les fondements de la notion de tolérance, tels qu’il les a présentés dans ses...

  8. 4. A NOTE ON BOCCACCIO, LESSING AND THE PARABLE OF THE THREE RINGS
    (pp. 37-46)
    Pamela D. Stewart

    In Boccaccio’s own words, the tales of theDecameron,“pea non ingannare alcuna persona, tutte nella bnte portan segnato quell0 che esse dentro dal lor0 sen0 nascose tengono” (Concl. Aut. 19, “Not to mislead anyone, all bear on their brow what they hide in their bosom”). The third tale of the First Day is announced as follows:

    Melchisedech giuden con una novella di tre anella cessa un gran peaicolo dal Saladino appmahiatogli. (I.3.1)¹

    I will deal here only with the tale within the tale – the parable of the three rings – and more specifically only with the conceptual implications and complications...

  9. 5. RIGHTS IMPLY DUTIES
    (pp. 47-54)
    Mario Bunge

    Moral and social progress has largely coincided with the expansion of rights, particularly from the time of the American Declaration of Independence. However, a rights-only political philosophy, such as libertarianism, is anything but progressive. In fact it is regressive for being selfish and therefore morally corrosive and socially dissolving. In other words, an overemphasis on rights can backfire: If I only care about my own rights then I am bound to trample over those of my fellow human being, who will in turn have no qualms in infringing on my rights.

    Does it follow that the struggle for an ever...

  10. 6. LA TOLÉRANCE ET LES LÉGISLATIONS LINGUISTIQUES: LE MODÉLE CANADIEN
    (pp. 55-66)
    Claude-Armand Sheppard

    À l’origine, la notion de tolérance était habituellement évoquée en regard de minortés religieuses, politiques, et idéologiques. Il s’agissait en quelque sorte de la mesure dans laquelle une société donnéé acceptait-ou devait accepter-les divergences philosophiques ou religieuses. Sur le plan juridique ce principe s’exprimait par la consécration de ce que l’article 2 de laCharte canadienne des droits et liberté¹ appelle les libertés fondamentales: liberté de conscience et de religion, liberté d’opinion et d’expression (liberté de presse), liberté réunion et d’association. En d’autres termes, était en jeu la tolérance d’dées s et de convictions dissidentes.

    Ces fondements classiques du principe...

  11. 7. LES ASPECTS JURIDIQUES DE LA TOLÉRANCE: ESSAI DE TERMINOLOGIE
    (pp. 67-90)
    Ethel Groffier

    À l’heure actuelle, le termetoléranceest peu employé en droit si ce n’est dans des sens bien particuliers. Ainsi, on parlera detolérancepour le fait de supporter une activité sans droit ou même illicite d’ou résulte, le plus souvent, une autorisation ou une situation précaire.¹ Il s’agit, par exemple, de l’action d’immixtion sur le terrain d’autrui avec la permission expresse ou tacite du propriétaire.²

    En dehors des sens techniques, juridique ou médical³ latolérancesignifie le fait “d’admettre quelque chose qu’on n’approuve pas, mais qu’on renonce, par indulgence, à interdire, à empêcher” ou encore la “disposition d’esprit et...

  12. 8. MELANCHOLIA, TOLERANCE AND CREATIVITY: SKETCHES FOR A PSYCHOANALYTIC MYTH
    (pp. 91-104)
    Konstantinos Arvanitakis

    In one of the most moving scenes of all Homeric poetry, Odysseus descends to the Underworld to consult Tiresias, the blind prophet (OdysseyXI). The first shadow he meets¹ is that of his mother who has died after he sailed for Troy. “It was my longing for you which took my life away” she tells him.

    Thus she spoke and I thought hard in my mind,

    wanting to embrace the soul of my dead mother.

    Three times I approached her my heart pushing me to hold her,

    Three times she sifted through my hands

    like the form of a shadow...

  13. 9. SCIENCE AND CULTURE
    (pp. 105-116)
    William R. Shea

    Locating his own contribution along a continuous spectrum of scientific “progress”, Sigmund Freud saw hispsychologicalrevolution as the third major change in human culture, following upon thecosmologicalrevolution of the sixteenth century, and thebiologicalrevolution of the nineteenth. Copernicus removed man from the centre of the world and reduced his abode “to a tiny speck” in an unfathomable universe; Darwin destroyed the notion that man was a special creation and relegated him to a descendant of the animal kingdom; finally, Freud informed him that he was not master in his own house, and only dimly aware of...

  14. 10. CIVIL SOCIETY IN THE WESTERN TRADITION
    (pp. 117-136)
    Charles Taylor

    The political discourse of today is largely one of rights. From being one facet of the Western tradition, the discourse of rights has come to be universally accepted – given strenuous lip-service even by the greatest violators. The Universal Declaration is both sign and cause of this development. At the same time, the legal entrenchment and judicial retrieval of rights has grown in importance within Western polities. One has only to think of the constitutional amendment of 1981-2 in Canada, and the place that the Charter has come to occupy in our political life.

    In being thus universalized, the...

  15. 11. L’ÉGALITÉ MITIGÉE
    (pp. 137-164)
    Louise Marcil-Lacoste

    Bien que la notion d’égalité, telle qu’elle fut définie dans la philosophie de Locke, ait fait l’objet de peu d’études spécifiques, l’esprit général de sa pensée est génédement mentionné comme l’exemple paradigmatique du type ambigu de contribution qu’il devait apporter l'histoire des idées.La grandeur de Locke aurait été d’avoir associé les principes de liberté et d’égalite dans la proclamation des droits naturels. Sa limite aurait été d’en comprornem le binome par son affirmation du droit de propriété. Devant ce phénoméne, il devient loisible d’accuser Locke d’imprécision, d’ambivalence, voire d’incohérence, tout comme il est loisible d’en excuser les limites en évoquant...

  16. BIBLIOGRAPHY OF RAYMOND KLIBANSKY
    (pp. 165-175)
  17. Back Matter
    (pp. 176-176)