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Living Together Separately

Living Together Separately: Arabs and Jews in Contemporary Jerusalem

Michael Romann
Alex Weingrod
Copyright Date: 1991
Pages: 274
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  • Book Info
    Living Together Separately
    Book Description:

    Much has been written about the religious and political conflicts of contemporary Jerusalem--and about the harsh realities of the intifada. But while analysts probe the violence in the "reunited city," its residents must go about their daily affairs. Focusing on the conduct of everyday life, rather than on ideology, Living Together Separately provides a rare look at the complex networks of practical relations developed by Jews and Arabs in over two decades of Israeli control of the city. The work begins with a brief historical review of Jerusalem as an Arab-Jewish city. Then, combining the perspectives of urban geography and social anthropology, it addresses a wide range of questions. How does the use of urban space and urban systems reflect both segregation and integration? How do ethnic identities influence interactions in adjoining neighborhoods, in workplaces, and in a hospital? What rules govern Arab-Jewish contacts in business, consumer, and political settings? In the final chapter the authors evaluate the Jerusalem situation in comparison with conditions in other deeply divided cities and in light of the intifada. Long-time residents of Jerusalem, Romann and Weingrod seek to grasp the variety of day-to-day exchanges without preconceptions and from the viewpoints of all participants. "Michael Romann and Alex Weingrod are my pick to serve on a jury trying a very tangled case."--Fouad Ajami, School of International Studies, The Johns Hopkins University

    Originally published in 1991.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-6156-9
    Subjects: Anthropology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. List of Maps and Tables
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. Preface
    (pp. xi-2)
  5. CHAPTER 1 Jerusalem between Past and Present
    (pp. 3-31)

    This is a book about Arabs and Jews in contemporary Jerusalem. It is an inquiry into the patterns of relationship—social, economic, and political—that emerged in Jerusalem between Jews and Arabs in the more than two decades since the entire city was brought under Israeli control in June 1967. As might be expected, it is a complex tale involving two different, antagonistic peoples who presently live within a single urban system. Mutual fear, violence, prejudice, and conflict are part of this intensive experience, just as working together, and, intermittently, a mutual groping for understanding, also characterize significant dimensions of...

  6. CHAPTER 2 A Tale of Two City Sides: Spatial Division within a United City
    (pp. 32-62)

    The first step in this analysis of contemporary Jerusalem is a consideration of how urban space is organized and used. This is a cardinal issue: the spatial pattern arranges Jews and Arabs into particular configurations, and it is therefore important to examine the ways in which this system of “living together separately” is organized and how it works. The questions are intriguing: how has the urban spatial pattern changed during the two decades since Jerusalem has been under Israeli hegemony? In particular, to what extent is the pre-1967 division into an Arab eastern and a Jewish western city still viable?...

  7. CHAPTER 3 Living along the Ethnic Border
    (pp. 63-98)

    The previous chapter presented an overall view of how Jerusalem’s space has been divided between Jews and Arabs. The patterns that were depicted referred mainly to physical features, and to how territory was selectively perceived, used, and contested. In the present chapter we turn to a number of related, yet different, topics. Rather than considering the entire urban area of Jerusalem, attention is concentrated upon two particular residential zones. We wish to understand how, within these small portions of the total Jerusalem world, Arabs and Jews who reside close to each other manage their social relationships. Our focus is, moreover,...

  8. CHAPTER 4 Employment Relations: The Integration of a Divided Labor Market
    (pp. 99-125)

    We turn next to the economic dimensions of post-1967 Jerusalem. The contemporary pattern of Jewish-Arab labor relationships must be considered against the background of the different economic conditions existing in the two parts of the divided city prior to reunification. These reflected the substantial disparity between the overall levels of economic development in Israel and Jordan, as well as the divergent growth potential and economic base of the two urban entities on either side of the dividing line. As we saw previously, the population growth and economic development of the Israeli capital were explicitly encouraged by the central government through...

  9. CHAPTER 5 Working Together
    (pp. 126-146)

    Jerusalem is, as we have been emphasizing, a deeply divided city. Boundaries of various kinds continue to separate Jews and Arabs. However, as demonstrated in the previous chapter, if there is one single realm in which they intersect actively with one another, it is in the context of work. In contrast with Jerusalem’s residential areas, where comparatively few persons from both sides maintain ongoing social relations, within the workplace literally thousands of Jews and Arabs have daily contacts. The realities are such that, in effect, workplaces are the most active arenas of ethnic social interaction.

    This poses some intriguing questions....

  10. CHAPTER 6 Public Functions and Private Businesses
    (pp. 147-172)

    The nature of daily coexistence between Jews and Arabs in Jerusalem can be further illustrated by examining the patterns of public service distribution and economic interaction in the marketplace. To what extent do the two communities, living within a common urban space, share the same public facilities and exchange goods and services? While the question is easy to formulate, in practical terms no simple and straightforward answer can be provided. In common with other spheres of intersectional relationships the picture which emerges is diversified, ambiguous, and complex, reflecting once again the unique reality of a united yet polarized urban environment....

  11. CHAPTER 7 Contacts in a Hospital Setting
    (pp. 173-189)

    Jerusalem’s hospitals are especially interesting places for studying interethnic encounters. While, in keeping with the now-familiar pattern, Jews rarely if ever enter Arab hospitals, large numbers of Arab patients and employees are daily present in Jewish hospitals. Like the bread factory described in chapter 5, these Jewish hospitals provide a rich context for analyzing the scope as well as the consequences of repeated contacts between members of both groups. It is for this reason that special attention will be devoted to the Jewish hospitals, and to one in particular: the Hadassah Hospital on Mount Scopus. By any reckoning this is...

  12. CHAPTER 8 The Political Process: Politics in a Divided City
    (pp. 190-219)

    Governing Jerusalem as a Jewish-Arab city raises a series of complicated problems. The conflicts are deep and obvious: Jerusalem Arabs consider themselves to be in a condition of military conquest by Israeli forces, while Jews think of “united Jerusalem” as an Israeli city, the proper culmination of a lengthy historical process. Based upon these opposing views, Israel imposed its municipal government and police power upon Arab East Jerusalem, while the Arab population, in turn, rejected Israeli rule. The fact that Jerusalem is symbolically a holy religious city for both groups only aggravates these tensions. Political polarization seems, in short, to...

  13. CHAPTER 9 Between Conflict and Accommodation: Trends, Comparisons, Conclusions
    (pp. 220-244)

    More than twenty years have elapsed since Jerusalem was reunited under Israeli rule. This time span is actually longer than the pre-1967 period when the city was divided by walls and barbed wire. What began in 1967 as a sudden, startling conquest has become, for many, the only reality that they have known. Indeed, the majority of the present population, both Arabs and Jews, have in their lifetimes only experienced this most recent phase in Jerusalem’s history. The figures are clear in this regard: by 1987 the median age of Jewish residents was under twenty-four years, that of Muslim Arabs...

  14. References
    (pp. 245-248)
  15. Index
    (pp. 249-258)
  16. Back Matter
    (pp. 259-259)