Blacks and Social Change

Blacks and Social Change: Impact of the Civil Rights Movement in Southern Communities

JAMES W. BUTTON
Copyright Date: 1989
Edition: REV - Revised, 2
Pages: 342
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt7ztw5z
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  • Book Info
    Blacks and Social Change
    Book Description:

    This book is a long-term empirical analysis of the impact of the civil rights movement on the real-life situations of southern blacks. Looking at the period from the late 1950s to the mid-1980s, it assesses the role of black political participation in six Florida cities.

    Originally published in 1993.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-6055-5
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. LIST OF FIGURES
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. LIST OF TABLES
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Preface
    (pp. xi-xiv)
  6. Abbreviations
    (pp. xv-2)
  7. 1 The Civil Rights Movement and Its Consequences
    (pp. 3-26)

    The civil rights movement in the South was considered one of America’s most important periods of political and social readjustment in this century, and perhaps one of the most profound in the country’s history. The movement represented the first major effort to gain greater equality for blacks since Reconstruction. Indeed, the primary assumption underlying the civil rights movement was that, once freed from overt intimidation and granted basic political rights, blacks would be able to translate those gains into political power and economic advancement. Political equality and the betterment of social and economic conditions for blacks were the foremost goals...

  8. 2 The Old South and the Politics of Race
    (pp. 27-66)

    The Old South region of Florida is located in the long-settled, rural northern counties and is centered in the Apalachicola and Suwannee rivers area. As late as the turn of the century this area was Florida’s black belt, with blacks composing a majority of the population in nine north Florida counties that contained one-half the total state population. During the antebellum period King Cotton and tobacco had reigned supreme in a plantation system supported by slave labor. Even as cotton (and later tobacco) production declined, and more whites moved in and many blacks departed, the Old South mentality remained, and...

  9. 3 The New South and Political Change
    (pp. 67-113)

    Unlike the rural, traditional Old South counties of north Florida, the state’s New South areas were relatively unsettled before the early part of this century. The absence of a plantation economy and a slave past meant not only a smaller black population, but a white citizenry relatively unencumbered by racial fear. This fact, plus the diversity of south Florida’s population, with many immigrants from the Northeast and Midwest settling along the coasts, tended to moderate racial hostility. The New South, as an ideal type, is near the opposite end of the continuum of modernization from traditional Old South society. New...

  10. 4 Black Political Participation and Changes in Police and Fire Protection
    (pp. 114-145)

    While the nature and evolution of the civil rights movement varied from Old to New South, the fundamental goals of the movement were the same almost everywhere. The ultimate goal, of course, was complete equality for black citizens. Achievement of equality, however, required that blacks first gain basic political rights, and that these rights then be translated into public power. It was assumed that such power would enable blacks first to improve their political condition and then to ameliorate their economic and social plight. Whether this is the process by which blacks can fulfill their ultimate goal is still uncertain....

  11. 5 Other Public Services and The Politicization of Blacks: Streets and Recreation
    (pp. 146-174)

    Although police and fire protection are life-preserving services that assume a high priority in most communities, other municipal services are valued highly. One of these services is streets. In a survey conducted in sixty-four communities across the United States, road conditions and maintenance ranked eighth in a list of twenty-five major problem areas mentioned most frequently by residents and leaders.¹ Streets provide a functional service as well as an aesthetic feature for most neighborhoods. Another significant public service is parks and recreation. Americans are very conscious of this public good, as it provides not only an improvement in the quality...

  12. 6 The Private Sector: Social and Economic Progress
    (pp. 175-205)

    Perhaps the most important long-range goal of the civil rights movement in the South was not the achievement of fundamental political rights and improved public services, but the betterment of social and economic conditions for blacks. To be sure, the attainment of full and free political participation was a significant legal and status goal, and the resulting improvement in basic municipal services enhanced the living conditions of many blacks. But it was always assumed that the larger and more complex battle would be the quest by blacks for economic equality with whites. As Martin Luther King, Jr., claimed in 1967:...

  13. 7 The Civil Rights Movement and Social Change
    (pp. 206-242)

    The southern civil rights movement, born in the aftermath of theBrowndecision, represented a potent challenge to white hegemony and signaled the beginning of a long, intense struggle to allow blacks to participate more fully in all aspects of American life. Except for a brief period during Reconstruction, blacks in most of the South had been denied basic political and economic rights. Although the emphasis of the movement was on political equality for blacks, it was assumed that political power could eventually be converted into improved economic and social conditions, and that the yoke of oppression and discrimination against...

  14. Appendix 1
    (pp. 243-254)
  15. Appendix 2 Questionnaire for Community Informants
    (pp. 255-262)
  16. Appendix 3
    (pp. 263-266)
  17. Notes
    (pp. 267-310)
  18. Index
    (pp. 311-326)