Faculty Retirement in the Arts and Sciences

Faculty Retirement in the Arts and Sciences

Albert Rees
Sharon P. Smith
Copyright Date: 1991
Pages: 120
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt7zv1gh
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    Faculty Retirement in the Arts and Sciences
    Book Description:

    In 1986 the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) was amended to abolish mandatory retirement for tenured faculty members in colleges and universities effective January 1, 1994. Will this "uncapping" of the retirement age adversely affect the vitality of academic departments or the prospects of advancement for younger scholars? In a definitive study of faculty retirement in the arts and sciences, Albert Rees and Sharon Smith seek to answer this question. Basing their conclusions on original data collected from thirty-three colleges and universities, they do much to resolve an issue that is a frequent subject of discussion in the academic world and in the press. Rees and Smith reveal that the ending of mandatory retirement will have much smaller effects than those generally anticipated--so small that there is no justification for efforts to have Congress continue exempting faculty members from the ADEA past 1994, the date that the exemption is now due to expire. In addition to their data on retirement patterns, the authors make use of surveys of senior faculty and retired faculty to explore attitudes toward retirement.

    Originally published in 1991.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-6246-7
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Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of Figures and Tables
    (pp. vii-x)
  4. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xi-2)
  5. CHAPTER ONE Background and Plan of Study
    (pp. 3-8)

    This study was undertaken because of the 1986 amendments to the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), which will abolish mandatory retirement for tenured faculty members in colleges and universities effective January 1, 1994. These amendments also required that a study of the consequences of the elimination of mandatory retirement on higher education be conducted by the National Academy of Sciences. At the time our study got under way, the Congress had not yet funded the National Academy of Sciences study, and it seemed doubtful that it would do so. The Academy study has since been funded and is now...

  6. CHAPTER TWO Analysis of Flow Data
    (pp. 9-29)

    In this chapter, we analyze our data on flows into and out of the tenured faculty of arts and sciences. The chapter is divided into three sections. In the first, we give an overview of the flow data. The second uses flow data on retirements to explore the effects of changes in the mandatory retirement age. The third uses the retirement data to examine the effects on retirement age of differences in types of pension plans.

    Our data distinguish two kinds of inflows, hires and promotions, and three kinds of outflows, resignations, retirements, and deaths. In this analysis, a hire...

  7. CHAPTER THREE Age Distributions of the Tenured Faculty
    (pp. 30-52)

    In this chapter, we examine our data on the age distributions of tenured faculty in the arts and sciences. Our data all refer to academic year 1988–1989. We distinguish these by type of institution, by discipline, and by capping status.¹ These age distributions become the building blocks for projections obtained by using the Faculty COHORT Model.²

    The size and timing of the effect of a potential change in retirement behavior that results from the uncapping of tenured faculty is, of course, critically dependent on the magnitude and pattern of the other components of turnover of tenured faculty discussed in...

  8. CHAPTER FOUR Age and Faculty Productivity
    (pp. 53-78)

    In this chapter, we examine the question of age and faculty vitality or productivity through a review of both the literature on this topic and the findings of several case studies on the subject that we have sponsored. Most research in this area addresses measures of performance, or outputs. We also include in our analysis some consideration of measures of effort, or inputs. The question of whether or not faculty performance deteriorates with age is really at the heart of the debate pertaining to the potential hazards of uncapping, for if faculty effectiveness continues unabated with age or even improves,...

  9. CHAPTER FIVE Survey Results
    (pp. 79-89)

    In the course of the Project on Faculty Retirement we have conducted three small surveys, one of retired tenured faculty in the arts and sciences and two of active senior faculty (defined as tenured faculty between the ages of 55 and 70). We have also had access to several recent surveys done by others, some of which are comparable in whole or in part with ours. Some of these outside studies are not confined to the arts and sciences, and two deal only with law faculty. This chapter will attempt to summarize some of the salient results of all of...

  10. CHAPTER SIX Conclusions
    (pp. 90-96)

    In the preceding chapters, we have described the results of an investigation into the probable effects on higher education in the arts and sciences of the 1986 amendments to the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, which will abolish mandatory retirement for tenured faculty at colleges and universities effective January 1, 1994. This investigation has relied heavily on the natural experiment afforded by the fact that mandatory retirement of tenured faculty is already unlawful in several states under state law. We will now set forth our conclusions and policy recommendations. In doing so, we may at times go beyond the strict...

  11. APPENDIX A Advisory Committee to the Project on Faculty Retirement
    (pp. 97-98)
  12. APPENDIX B Institutions Included in the Final Sample
    (pp. 99-100)
  13. APPENDIX C Broad Discipline Categories Used in This Study
    (pp. 101-102)
  14. Selected References
    (pp. 103-107)