The Catholic Church in World Politics

The Catholic Church in World Politics

Eric O. Hanson
Copyright Date: 1987
Pages: 496
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  • Book Info
    The Catholic Church in World Politics
    Book Description:

    Eric Hanson's multifaceted book examines the place of the church in the contemporary international system and the reciprocal influence of modern political and technological developments on the internal affairs of the church.

    Originally published in 1990.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-5860-6
    Subjects: Political Science, Religion

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-1)
  4. [Illustration]
    (pp. 2-2)
  5. INTRODUCTION: John Paul Faces Jaruzelski in Prime Time
    (pp. 3-16)

    In the high-ceilinged chamber of Warsawʹs Belvedere Palace, Pope John Paul II and General Wojciech Jaruzelski faced each other. The general, his olive-drab uniform encrusted with ten rows of ribbons, represented all the political, economic, and military power concentrated in the leader of Polandʹs party, state, and army. John Paul, dressed in white robes with a gold pectoral cross, personified all the symbolic power and social legitimacy derived from historic Polish Catholic nationalism. At the beginning of his speech Jaruzelskiʹs hands trembled nervously and one thumb tapped the paper from which he read. However, the general made no apology for...

    • CHAPTER 1 A Brief Political History of the Catholic Church in Europe
      (pp. 19-58)

      On May 30, 1980, all the bells of Paris pealed to welcome John Paul II as he descended in a blue and white helicopter into the heart of the city.¹ President Valéry Giscard dʹEstaing greeted the pope, who then reviewed the blue, crimson, and silver Garde Républicaine. From the Place de la Concorde Giscard and John Paul rode down the Champs-Elysées, providing Associated Press with an effective photo of the two leaders with the Arc de Triomphe in the background. The pope had come to visit ″the churchʹs eldest daughter″ for the first time since Napoleon held Pope Pius VII...

    • CHAPTER 2 Catholic Political Organization: Center, Region, and Nation
      (pp. 59-94)

      On January 27,1979, over one million people packed the streets of Mexico City to cheer John Paul II. The papal motorcade proceeded to the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadelupe, the patroness of Mexico. This new basilica stood next to an older church built on the very spot where the Blessed Virgin is said to have appeared to the Indian Juan Diego on December 12, 1583. The pope concelebrated mass with 218 prelates and preached a homily in Spanish. In it he drew a parallel between the preeminence of Our Lady of Guadelupe in Mexico and the place of Our...

    • CHAPTER 3 Political Ideology: Catholicism, Socialism, and Capitalism
      (pp. 95-122)

      Daniel Ortega Saavedra, coordinator of the Nicaraguan Directorate, and members of the Nicaraguan Cabinet met John Paul II when he arrived in Managua on Friday morning, March 4, 1983. In his welcoming speech, Ortega told the pope that, ″Our experience shows that one can be both a believer and a revolutionary and that no unsalvageable contradiction exists between the two.″ Ortega also denounced American aggression against his country, specifically mentioning that United States-backed guerrillas had recently killed seventeen Nicaraguan youths. The young men had been buried only the day before the popeʹs arrival. In his reply to Ortega, John Paul...

    • CHAPTER 4 The Catholic Church in Continental Western Europe
      (pp. 125-161)

      Five hundred thousand Spaniards jammed the shrine town of Santiago de Compostela on the last day of the popeʹs visit to their country, November 9, 1982. Compostela, revered as the resting place for the remains of Spainʹs patron St. James, faces the Atlantic. It became known as ″the ends of the earth″ when Europeans believed that the flat earth ended somewhere out in the ocean. From the early Christian centuries pilgrims from all over Europe have come to this shrine to honor the great apostle and renew their piety. That morning 300,000 Spaniards attended mass at the Labocolla Airport outside...

    • CHAPTER 5 Anglo-American Catholicism: Immigrant Churches in Western Democracies
      (pp. 162-196)

      The front cover ofTimemagazine (October 15,1979) blazoned ″John Paul, Superstar″ above a photo of the pope waving to an immense crowd. John Paul II followed up triumphant tours to Mexico and Poland with a visit to the Anglo-American countries of Ireland and the United States. Certainly, traditional Catholic Ireland would greet the pope with enthusiasm, analysts said, but what about the pluralistic, secular, sexually permissive, and culturally Protestant United States? John Paulʹs positions on personal morality seemed guaranteed to alienate large segments, of the population. America also had a long tradition of anti-Catholic bigotry. Less than nineteen years...

    • CHAPTER 6 Catholic Poland and Ostpolitik
      (pp. 197-233)

      On October 16, 1978, eight men labored to ring the great Zygmunt Bell, rung only on historic occasions, at Krakówʹs Wawel Castle, the traditional home of Polish kings. More than one thousand years after the conversion of Poland to Christianity, the universal Catholic Church had elected a Polish pope, Krakówʹs own Cardinal Karol Wojtyla. The Polish people exulted. In Kraków, the historic political and cultural center of the nation, thousands of people jammed the streets, singing and shouting and hugging one another. All the bells in Warsawʹs churches pealed joyously. Polandʹs three top party leaders cabled the new pope to...

    • CHAPTER 7 The Catholic Church and Soviet-American Competition in the Third World
      (pp. 234-278)

      On September 15, 1982, John Paul II met with PLO leader Yasir Arafat in a twenty-minute private audience. This meeting followed the PLOʹs summer debacle in Lebanon when the Israelis had forced the evacuation of Arafatʹs main force. Few details of the meeting between the pope and the guerrilla leader were released, but the news photo of the white-robed pontiff and Arafat, wearing a black and white kafiyeh headdress and an olive green uniform, made practically every major newspaper in the West and the Middle East. Later in the day the pope called for Israel and the PLO to ″accept...

    • CHAPTER 8 Arms Control as a Catholic Political Issue
      (pp. 281-322)

      The white-robed pope stood before the memorial in Hiroshimaʹs Peace Park. Twenty-five thousand Japanese had gathered in the bright sunshine that followed a light snow on that February day in 1981. The ″eternal flame,″ lit when the park was completed in 1958, burned behind John Paul, who began his message in Japanese, and then continued on in English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, German, Russian, and Chinese.

      To remember Hiroshima is to abhor nuclear war. To remember Hiroshima is to commit oneself to peace…. Let us promise our fellow human beings that we will work untiringly for disarmament and the banishing...

    • CHAPTER 9 The Catholic Church, Soviet-American Relations, and International Politics
      (pp. 323-353)

      This book analyzes the internal and external politics of the Catholic Church, a transnational ecclesiastical institution strongly rooted in the traditional culture of Western Europe, as it adjusts to the technological revolutions of the latter half of the twentieth century. Of these technological challenges, advances in electronic communications, computers, and weapon yields are particularly significant for the analysis of Catholic political influence in the formation of national consensus, regional alliances, and arms control. In this chapter we will summarize and relate the conclusions of previous chapters and make some tentative predictions about future trends. As Part One focused on internal...

  9. APPENDIX: Methodological Issues
    (pp. 354-360)
  10. NOTES
    (pp. 361-434)
    (pp. 435-456)
    (pp. 457-460)
  13. INDEX
    (pp. 461-485)
  14. Back Matter
    (pp. 486-486)