Princetonians, 1769-1775

Princetonians, 1769-1775: A Biographical Dictionary

RICHARD A. HARRISON
Copyright Date: 1980
Pages: 624
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt7zv8vz
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  • Book Info
    Princetonians, 1769-1775
    Book Description:

    This volume, the second in a series of biographical sketches of students who attended the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University), brings the story of the College and its alumni to the beginning of the American Revolution. It records not only the contributions of the early sons of Nassau Hall to the formation of the Republic but also the role of the College itself as a major component in the evolution of the first national elite.

    Originally published in 1981.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-5652-7
    Subjects: Education

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. PREFACE
    (pp. xi-xvi)
    James M. Banner Jr., W. Frank Craven, Gary S. DeKrey, James McLachlan and James M. Rosenheim
  5. INTRODUCTION
    (pp. xvii-xxxii)

    On August 17, 1768, in a special meeting of the board, the Trustees of the College of New Jersey installed the Reverend Doctor John Witherspoon as the institution’s sixth president. He had been in America barely ten days, five of which were spent at the home of merchant Andrew Hodge, the father of Andrew (A.B. 1772) and Hugh (A.B. 1773), in Philadelphia. His arrival alone was something of a triumph for the College and its trustees. They had first offered him the presidency late in 1766, and it had been more than a year before he could be persuaded to...

  6. ABBREVIATIONS AND SHORT TITLES FREQUENTLY USED
    (pp. xxxiii-xxxvi)
  7. CLASS OF 1769
    (pp. 1-62)

    John Beatty, A.B., A.M. 1772, physician, soldier, public official, and entrepreneur, was born on December 10, 1749, in Warwick, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. He was the oldest son of Charles Clinton Beatty, an Irish immigrant who had been trained by William Tennent at the Log College and who then succeeded Tennent as pastor of the Presbyterian church in Neshaminy. The Reverend Mr. Beatty was an active missionary, a chaplain in the French and Indian War, and a trustee of the College from 1763 until his death in 1772. His wife, Anne, was the daughter of John Reading who had been president...

  8. CLASS OF 1770
    (pp. 63-128)

    Cornelius Baldwin, physician, soldier, and public official, was one of the eight children of Elizabeth and Elijah Baldwin of Newark, New Jersey, and was probably born in 1751. He inherited a share of his father’s estate in 1766. Three years later, he joined the Well-Meaning Club at Nassau Hall, just before it became the Cliosophic Society. He left the College without obtaining his degree, however.

    Before the Revolution, Baldwin studied medicine, possibly in Philadelphia, and then returned to New Jersey. In February 1776 he enlisted as the surgeon of the Second Regiment of Sussex County Militia. That June, when New...

  9. CLASS OF 1771
    (pp. 129-174)

    Gunning Bedford, Jr., A.B., A.M. 1774, lawyer, member of the Constitutional Convention of 1787, and jurist, was born in Philadelphia in 1747, the son of Gunning and his wife Susannah Jacquett Bedford. His father was a member of the Carpenter’s Company of the City and County of Philadelphia. Tax records indicate that he was a substantial resident of the city without being among its wealthier inhabitants. There seems to be no reason for doubting that his son was the Gunning Bedford who was enrolled at the Philadelphia Academy from 1766 to 1768, and so it is probable that he was...

  10. CLASS OF 1772
    (pp. 175-260)

    Isaac Alexander, A.B., schoolmaster and physician, was born about 1747, the son of Abraham Alexander (1717-1786). Neither the name of his mother nor the place of his birth has been determined. He may have been born in Maryland, whence an impressive number of Alexanders migrated at mid-century to western North Carolina, where they became progenitors of an unusually large clan. Nathaniel Alexander (A.B. 1776) was probably a cousin, and Joseph Alexander (A.B. 1760) may have been a relative. In 1762 Alexander’s father was one of the original justices of the peace for the newly established Mecklenburg County, a representative of...

  11. CLASS OF 1773
    (pp. 261-356)

    James Francis Armstrong, A.B., A.M. 1781, Presbyterian clergyman, was born April 3, 1750, at West Nottingham, Maryland, the son of Francis Armstrong, an elder in the local church. His mother’s name has not been found. His preparation for college began in the school conducted by Reverend Robert Smith at Pequea, Pennsylvania and was completed at Fagg’s Manor in a school then under the direction of John Blair. Admitted to the College in the fall of 1771 as a member of the junior class, he joined the American Whig Society, which he helped to revive after the Revolution. At commencement on...

  12. CLASS OF 1774
    (pp. 357-446)

    Stephen Bloomer Balch, A.B., A.M. 1778, D.D. 1818, schoolmaster and Presbyterian clergyman, was born on April 5, 1747, at Deer Creek, Harford County, Maryland, the son of James and Anne Goodwyn Balch, and the younger brother of Hezekiah James Balch (A.B. 1766). Moving with the family in his youth to Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, he grew up on his father’s farm. According to tradition, his father had literary leanings and Stephen prepared himself for college through studies that were interspersed with instruction he provided for others. He apparently enrolled in the College as a member of the junior class in...

  13. CLASS OF 1775
    (pp. 447-540)

    Charles Clinton Beatty, A.B., soldier, was the sixth child of Reverend Charles Clinton Beatty, a trustee of the College and a cousin of Governor Charles Clinton of New York, and Anne Reading, the daughter of a president of the royal council of New Jersey. Beatty was born on February 10, 1756, in Warwick, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, very near Neshaminy. His father was a graduate of the Log College and had replaced William Tennent as the pastor at Neshaminy in 1743 when Tennent led the New Side members of the parish in establishing a separate church in Warwick. The two congregations...

  14. APPENDIX
    (pp. 541-550)
    JANE E. WEBER
  15. INDEX
    (pp. 551-586)
    RUTH L. WOODWARD
  16. Back Matter
    (pp. 587-587)