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Migration, Development, and Transnationalization

Migration, Development, and Transnationalization: A Critical Stance

Nina Glick Schiller
Thomas Faist
Copyright Date: 2010
Edition: 1
Published by: Berghahn Books
Pages: 212
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  • Book Info
    Migration, Development, and Transnationalization
    Book Description:

    The relationship between migration and development is becoming an important field of study, yet the fundamentals - analytical tools, conceptual framework, political stance - are not being called into question or dialogue. This volume provides a valuable alternative perspective to the current literature as the contributors explore the contradictory discourses about migration and the role these discourses play in perpetuating inequality and a global regime of militarized surveillance. The assumptions surrounding the assymetrical transfers of resources that accompany migration are deeply skewed and continue to reflect the interests of the most powerful states and the institutions that serve their interests. Those who seek to address the morass of development failure, vitriolic attacks on immigrants, or sanguine views about migrant agency are challenged by this volume to put aside their methodological nationalism and pursue alternative pathways out of the quagmire of poverty, violence, and fear that is enveloping the globe.

    eISBN: 978-0-85745-870-4
    Subjects: Anthropology, Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Introduction: Migration, Development, and Social Transformation
    (pp. 1-21)
    Nina Glick Schiller and Thomas Faist

    How should scholars interested in social analysis approach the topic of migration and development, and with what analytical tools, conceptual framework, or political stance? The topic of migration and development is becoming an important field of study, yet these questions are too rarely asked. In this volume, “Migration, Development, and Transnationalization: A Critical Stance,” all six authors, each in his or her own way, and from various intellectual and disciplinary starting points, argue that the assumptions and paradigms underlying the study of the asymmetrical but mutual transfers of resources that accompany migration are deeply flawed and continue to reflect the...

  4. A Global Perspective on Migration and Development
    (pp. 22-62)
    Nina Glick Schiller

    On a phone booth in Manchester, England—where I now live as a transmigrant—I saw an advertisement that read “Send money home from closer to home.” It went on to announce that you can now send funds to locations around the world from any British Post Office. The Post Office, whose sales operations have now been privatized, has joined businesses around the world that seek to profit from migrant remittances. Spanish banks extend mortgages to migrants living in Spain who are building houses ‘back home’ in Ecuador and elsewhere in Latin America, while appliances stores in Brazil process orders...

  5. Transnationalization and Development: Toward an Alternative Agenda
    (pp. 63-99)
    Thomas Faist

    Public debate and research on the two-way relationship between migration and development—that is, on the migration-development nexus—have increased considerably over the past few years. To be more precise, interest in this topic has experienced yet another climax after two previous ones, in the 1960s and 1980s. However, there is very little systematic thought given to what is ‘new’ this time around. I argue that the current enthusiasm about the migration-development nexus should be approached from a transnational angle that recognizes the emergence of a new transnational agent in development discourse, variably called ‘migrants’, ‘diaspora’, or ‘transnational community’. Increasingly,...

  6. Politicizing the Transnational: On Implications for Migrants, Refugees, and Scholarship
    (pp. 100-141)
    Riina Isotalo

    Development, politics, migration, and refugeeness are integrally linked. Economic disparities between developing and developed countries have long been seen as key determinants of migration (Sørensen 2004). However, assessments of the impact of migration on the dynamics of development have varied over time and have not been conducted systematically (ibid.). My viewpoint is that, within transnational studies, security-related disparities between developing and developed countries that serve as determinants of migration have been studied even less systematically.

    This essay is concerned with the development and security policy implications of transnationality. However, I am not addressing this topic from within development, by way...

  7. Understanding the Relationship between Migration and Development: Toward a New Theoretical Approach
    (pp. 142-175)
    Raúl Delgado Wise and Humberto Márquez Covarrubias

    Led by the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank, some international organizations have been pursuing an international political agenda in the areas of migration and development. They posit that remittances sent home by migrants can promote local, regional, and national development in the countries of origin. By extension, remittances are seen as an indispensable source of foreign exchange that provides macro-economic stability and alleviates the ravages caused by insidious problems such as poverty. This view is supported by the growing importance of remittances as a source of foreign exchange and subsistence income for many households in underdeveloped countries. The...

  8. Adversary Analysis and the Quest for Global Development: Optimizing the Dynamic Conflict of Interest in Transnational Migration
    (pp. 176-203)
    Binod Khadria

    The so-called benefits that the developing countries of the South supposedly derive from the migration of its people may be classified as stereotypes that involve (1) the return migration of workers with enhanced skills from the host countries of the North to their home countries in the South, (2) remittances, and (3) the transfer of technology (Khadria 1990, 1999). Although there is a great deal of discussion about the return migration of skilled people to India, particularly in the wake of what is called business process outsourcing (BPO), the quantity and quality of human capital returning to home countries are...

  9. Contributors
    (pp. 204-206)