Europeanizing Contention

Europeanizing Contention: The Protest Against 'Fortress Europe' in France and Germany

Pierre Monforte
Copyright Date: 2014
Edition: 1
Published by: Berghahn Books
Pages: 264
  • Cite this Item
  • Book Info
    Europeanizing Contention
    Book Description:

    What are the consequences of European integration on social movements? Who are the "winners" and the "losers" of Europe's organized civil society? This book explores the Europeanization of contention through an in-depth, comparative analysis of French and German pro-asylum movements since the end of the 1990s. Through an examination of their networks, discourses, and collective actions, it shows that the groups composing these movements display different degrees and forms of Europeanization, reflected in different fields of protest. More generally, it shows the multiple strategies implemented by activists to Europeanize their scope of mobilization and by doing so participate in the construction of a European public sphere.

    eISBN: 978-0-85745-997-8
    Subjects: Sociology, Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of Tables and Figures
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Acknowledgements
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Introduction. The Europeanization of Social Movements and Immigration and Asylum Policies
    (pp. 1-32)

    Since the beginning of the 1990s, European Union member-states have defined and implemented a set of common norms related to immigration and asylum policies.¹ Giving priority to security and control measures (especially since September 2001), EU power-holders involved in this process have created the framework of a ‘fortress Europe’ (Geddes 2000). The most symbolic example of this is probably the creation of the FRONTEX agency in October 2004. This agency responds to the demand of the EU member-states to have a common corps of frontier guards: it organizes and supervises their cooperation with regard to the control of their external...

  6. Chapter 1 The Evolution of French and German Pro-asylum Movements since the Beginning of the 1990s
    (pp. 33-63)

    The first step in this study is to analyse French and German pro-asylum movements in a comparative perspective. Chapters one and two present this analysis. Following the theoretical framework developed in the introduction, two levels of analysis will be presented simultaneously. The analysis presented in this chapter is situated at the macro-level. I will provide a historical analysis of French and German pro-asylum movements, and I will focus on two dimensions that have an influence on their Europeanization: their inter-organizational cohesion and their level of embeddedness in society. The focus is then moved to the meso-level: chapter two presents a...

  7. Chapter 2 The Components of the French and German Pro-asylum Movements in Comparative Perspective
    (pp. 64-115)

    As was discussed in the introduction, the analysis of the Europeanization of social movements must take into account the features of the organizations comprising them. Indeed, depending on their characteristics at the national level, SMOs might Europeanize to different degrees and through different modes. Also, from a comparative perspective, cross-national differences in terms of repertoires of collective action or organizational cultures may result in different processes of Europeanization. Finally, this focus leads us to analyse the possible transformation of SMOs during the course of their Europeanization. This chapter proposes a systematic approach to the features of those organizations comprising French...

  8. Chapter 3 The Europeanization of the Pro-asylum Movements: Evidence from the Networks, Frames and Collective Actions
    (pp. 116-141)

    In October 2008, in order to protest against the European Union’s Council of Ministers meeting in Paris to discuss the ‘European pact on immigration and asylum’, more than 300 associations from all over Europe organized a ‘counter-summit and an alternative forum on migrations and development’. The call for this protest shows the ambition to create a ‘very large-scale mobilisation’ and to ‘promote a different understanding of immigration’. It also presents a set of European collective actions:

    Concerned by the essentially security-orientated nature of the treatment of migration flows, by the treatment accorded to migrants, and by the economic choices adopted...

  9. Chapter 4 The Different Modes of Europeanization of the Pro-asylum Movements
    (pp. 142-170)

    In January 2009, the European networkMigreuroplaunched a campaign for the ‘right of access in detention centres for migrants’. Its objective was to protest against the detention of migrants across Europe and to criticize the institutionalization of this practice at the European level (in particular since the adoption of the ‘return directive’ in June 2008). More generally, it aimed to:

    Raise awareness on the situation and the detention conditions in these centers, report violations and protect migrants’ rights in detention, inform on the consequences of detention and on situations leading to violations of migrants’ rights.¹

    This campaign was based...

  10. Chapter 5 The Europeanization of Social Movements: A Process of Inclusion into, and Exclusion from, a Particular Field
    (pp. 171-227)

    In 2011, during the wave of protest in Southern Mediterranean countries (known as the ‘Arab Spring’), many migrants tried to reach Europe by boat in order to escape the political instability in the region. This was the case in particular in Libya where the protest took the form of a violent conflict between the government and its opponents: according to theInternational Office for Migration,one million people left the country between February and June 2011. However, as much evidence has shown, many of these immigrants could not reach the European territory: most were trapped in refugee camps in Tunisia,¹...

  11. Conclusion. The Europeanization of Social Movements and the Emergence of a European Public Sphere
    (pp. 228-238)

    We know much more about participation in consultative committees in the five square kilometers of Euroland in Brussels than we do about contention over the effects of their decisions among the 375 million people who have to live with their consequences. (Imig and Tarrow 2001: 7)

    Between February and October 2008 a series of events, protests and actions will take place in various cities and countries all over Europe and beyond: against the border regime, against detentions and deportations, against the exploitation of migrant labour and for legalization of all migrants. This transnational chain of struggles builds on the three...

  12. List of Interviews
    (pp. 239-240)
  13. References
    (pp. 241-250)
  14. Index
    (pp. 251-254)