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Francisci de Marchia Q1-12

Francisci de Marchia Q1-12: Quaestiones in secundum librum sententiarum (Reportatio), Quaestiones 1-12

Tiziana Suarez-Nani
William Duba
Emmanuel Babey
Girard J. Etzkorn
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  • Book Info
    Francisci de Marchia Q1-12
    Book Description:

    This commentary exists in two versions: The major version is contained in 17 manuscripts and the critical edition of it is being prepared by a team of specialists led by Prof. Tiziana Suarez-Nani of the University of Fribourg, Switzerland. A minor version is found in one Vatican manuscript and is being edited by Prof. Em. Girard J. Etzkorn. The texts edited in this volume all deal with creation, and investigate such central philosophical and theological issues as action, production, and causality, being and nothingness, the nature of time, God’s relation to the world he created, and the distinction between God’s creation and God’s conservation of the world. Typical of this section of Sentences commentaries is a discussion of the eternity of the world (q. 12), in which Marchia defends the (counterfactual) possibility of the world’s eternality as well as the possibility of an actual infinite. Somewhat more unusual for this part of a medieval Sentences commentary is Marchia’s highly detailed discussion of the problem of universals and the validity of syllogistic argumentation, all of this part of Marchia’s attempt to determine whether creation can be demonstrated about God (q. 1). Throughout these twelve questions, Marchia challenges the ideas of some of the later Middle Ages’ best minds, including Peter Auriol, Durand of St. Pourçain, John Duns Scotus, Henry of Ghent, and Giles of Rome.

    eISBN: 978-94-6166-029-9
    Subjects: Philosophy

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. I-IV)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. V-VI)
    (pp. VII-VIII)
    Russell L. Friedman

    Since last century, when Pierre Duhem and Anneliese Maier published their groundbreaking studies of medieval natural philosophy, Francis of Marchia, an Italian Franciscan who read theSentencesat Paris in 1319-1320, has been best known for several original and highly interesting scientific views. Recent scholarship has not only confirmed Duhem’s and Maier’s observations, but has also highlighted other areas of Marchia’s thought that show his creativity and deserve more study, such as his philosophical theology, political philosophy, philosophy of mind, and metaphysics. That Marchia’s works enjoyed a sizeable medieval readership is witnessed by some twenty-five manuscripts containing his Sentences commentary...

    (pp. IX-X)
  5. Introduction

    • I. Francis of Marchia’s Life
      (pp. XIII-XVIII)

      As common for many medieval thinkers, few biographical details survive for Francis of Marchia (Franciscus de Marchia, Franciscus de Esculo, Franciscus Rubeus de Pignano, Francesco d’Ascoli) before his lectures on theSentences.¹ Born around 1290, Francis hailed from the Italian village of Appignano del Tronto, now belonging to the province of Ascoli Piceno in the region of the Marches, where most likely he entered the Franciscan Order. University studies probably brought him to Paris around 1310. During the academic year 1319-1320, he most likely lectured on theSentencesof Peter Lombard.

      Support for the 1319-1320 dating of Francis’ lectures comes...

    • II. Francis of Marchia’s Works
      (pp. XIX-XXIII)

      Known since the fifteenth century as theDoctor succinctus, Francis of Marchia authored several works, of which only a part have been edited. Since this is the first volume to appear in a series dedicated to making Marchia’s works generally available, we supply below a list of Francis’ writings (authentic and doubtful), along with an indication of what has already been edited, in order to provide an overview of the state of research on Francis’ texts. As further volumes in this series appear, the hypotheses and evidence offered below concerning individual works will be nuanced and augmented.

      Francis’ commentary on...

    • III. The Commentaries on the Four Books of the Sentences
      (pp. XXIV-XXXV)

      As a bachelor of theology, Francis of Marchia lectured on theSentencesat Paris, most likely for one academic year, presumably 1319-1320. 46 Like his contemporaries at Paris, he would have read the four books of theSentencesin the order I-IV-II-III, ⁴⁷ and commented on the Lombard’s text in question form, using the topics discussed by Peter Lombard as points of departure for his own investigations.⁴⁸

      Four times during this course of lectures, Francis would have held aprincipium, a ceremonial disputation marking the beginning of his lectures on each of the books of theSentences. The bachelor would...

    • IV. The Questions on the Second Book of the Sentences
      (pp. XXXVI-LV)

      Three redactions of Francis’ commentary on book II of theSentencessurvive, and an awareness of the relationship between these redactions is necessary to evaluate Francis’ thought as contained in these texts. The present volume presents the first part of the major redaction,Reportatio IIA. This text exists in 14 manuscripts, namely ABCFGKLNPTVWYZ. E, that is, Vatican City, BAV, vat. lat. 943, reports a different text (and will appear in an edition directed by Girard Etzkorn). To distinguish these two redactions, Friedman and Schabel have proposed the titlesReportatio IIA and Reportatio IIB, which we have adopted, abbreviating them as...

    • V. Summary of the Themes Treated in Reportatio IIA, Questions 1-12
      (pp. LVI-LXIX)

      The doctrine of creation, common to the three monotheistic religions of the Western world, presented a challenge to Scholastic thinkers, who had to account for this dogma by means of reasoned argument. Their explanations for creation have considerable speculative interest since, in seeking to delineate divine action towards the world, they must examine and distinguish the different types of action, production and causality that occur in the production of each individual reality, and in the whole universe. The distinctive characteristic of creation is that it comes from nothing (ex nihilo,de nihilo), and hence the discussion of this theme leads...

    • VI. The Sources of Reportatio IIA, Questions 1-12
      (pp. LXX-LXXIII)

      Francis treats his selected themes and elaborates his positions with reference to other thinkers, employing explicit and implicit sources, the identification of which serves to procure a better understanding of Francis’ doctrine as well as of the theoretical landscape in which it is situated.

      In this section, we present a quantitative treatment of the sources for questions 1-12.

      We have tabulated the explicit sources for questions 1-12. By “explicit source” we mean a text or author cited by name as part of an authoritative argument.

      In the first twelve questions of the commentary on book II, we count 58 explicit...

    • VII. Francis’ Doctrine of Creation and Historical Impact: A Preliminary Assessment
      (pp. LXXIV-LXXVI)

      Without doubt it would be premature to assess Francis of Marchia’s doctrine at this point. The critical edition of his works has just begun, and we hope future detailed doctrinal and historical studies will clarify his views. Nevertheless, we can make a few remarks concerning the first twelve questions of his commentary on book II of theSentences.

      His doctrine of creation consists of the following theses: 1) creation is the total production of a thing (that is, of all its intrinsic principles); 2) creation presupposes nothing whatsoever; prior to creation, creatures do not exist in objective or subjective potency;...

    • VIII. The Edition
      (pp. LXXVII-LXXXVII)

      There are 17 known witnesses to Francis’ commentaries on book II of theSentences:¹⁵³

      A Admont, Bibliothek der Benediktinerabtei, 178, ff. 1ra - 69vb (s. XIV)

      B Città del Vaticano, BAV, Barb. lat. 791, ff. 1ra - 89vb (s. XV (1472))

      C Città del Vaticano, BAV, Chigi. lat. B VII 113, ff. 105ra - 165rb (s. XIV (1327))

      D Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, 517, ff. 1ra - 35vb (s. XIV)

      E Città del Vaticano, BAV, vat. lat. 943, ff. 1ra - 45ra (s. XV)

      F Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, II. II. 182, ff. 258ra - 297rb (s. XV)

      G Augsburg, Staats-und...

    • IX. Editorial Conventions
      (pp. LXXXVIII-LXXXX)
  6. Reportatio A in II Librum Sententiarum, QQ. 1-12
    (pp. 1-225)

    Circa principium secundi libri, quaero utrum creatio sit demonstrabilis de Deo.

    1 . Videtur quod sic, quia notior est actio quam esse vel potentia; sed esse est demonstrabile de Deo; ergo creatio-actio.

    2 . Contra: creatio-passio non est demonstrabilis de creatura, ergo nec creatio-actio est demonstrabilis de Deo.

    3 . Circa quaestionem istam sic est procedendum. Primo est hic videndum quid est creatio-actio vel etiam creatio-passio. Secundo, utrum creatio-actio sit demonstrabilis de Deo.

    4 . Quantum ad primum, dico quod, licet inferius inferat simpliciter superius, non tamen universaliter; licet enim sequatur: ‘si est homo, est animal’, non tamen ‘omnis homo’...

  7. APPENDIX: Reportatio in II Librum Sententiarum, Redactio DH
    (pp. 226-240)
    (pp. 243-256)
  9. Indices

    • I. Index Biblicus
      (pp. 257-257)
    • II. Index Auctoritatum
      (pp. 258-260)
    • III. Index Codicum Manuscriptorum
      (pp. 261-262)
    • IV. Index Nominum et Locorum
      (pp. 263-266)
  10. Back Matter
    (pp. 267-272)