Spanish Humanism on the Verge of the Picaresque

Spanish Humanism on the Verge of the Picaresque: Juan Maldonado's Ludus Chartarum Pastor Bonus and Bacchanalia

Warren SMITH
Clark COLAHAN
Volume: 24
Copyright Date: 2009
Published by: Leuven University Press
Pages: 292
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt9qdzr4
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  • Book Info
    Spanish Humanism on the Verge of the Picaresque
    Book Description:

    The 16th-century humanist Juan Maldonado in his Latin essays foreshadows the Spanish picaresque. Like Erasmus, with whom he corresponded,Maldonado advocated the use of Latin in a wide-range of activities. Maldonado’s Pastor Bonus, a lengthy open letter to a bishop, reviews in a vivid and satirical style the abuses of the churchmen in his diocese. His ludus chartarum is framed as a colloquium similar to Vives’ on the subject, entertaining while teaching a Latin terminology for card playing. His Bacchanalia, written for student actors, is a spirited play pitting the forces of Lent against those of Bacchus, as in the Libro de buen amor. These works have been edited and translated into English by Warren Smith and Clark Colahan for the first time, with illustrations of scenes from each work, and of 16th-century cards, by Richard Simmons and Caleb Smith.

    eISBN: 978-94-6166-053-4
    Subjects: Language & Literature

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. [i]-[ii])
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. [iii]-[iv])
  3. GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO MALDONADO’S LIFE AND WORKS
    (pp. 1-8)

    Juan Maldonado (c. 1485?-1554) was a Spanish humanist whose studies and career flourished in the progressive years of Cisneros’ regency and Carlos V’s reign.¹ He was born and raised in a small town in the province of Cuenca, then educated at the University of Salamanca in the years following the hugely successful publication ofThe Celestina. That famous novel in dialogue, as it has often been described, is a brilliant exposé of Renaissance Spanish society, and in capturing the corrupt but classically focused ambience of the university city it left its mark on the enthusiastic student and future writer. Nonetheless,...

  4. LUDUS CHARTARUM TRIUMPHUS, ‘THE CARD GAME “TRUMPS”’: INTRODUCTION
    (pp. 9-14)

    When in 1541, and again with revisions in 1549, Maldonado published this instructional colloquy demonstrating how to play a well-known game entirely in Latin, playing cards were not much more than a century old in Europe. Nonetheless they had already become a highly popular pastime and there was a wide variety of games, as shown by Gerolamo Cardano’s comprehensive and analytic work on the subject. Cardano (1501-1576), an Italian who was about fifteen years younger than Maldonado and became rector of the University of Padua, published over a hundred works. One of them, written in Latin in the 1560’s but...

  5. LUDUS CHARTARUM TRIUMPHUS
    (pp. 15-60)

    Triumphus. Ioannis Maldonati Triumphus Plenior et castigatior quam antea prodierat.²

    Collusores:Maldonatus, Ferranus, Rosarius, Padronus, Austurianus Rex.

    Maldonatus: Quid nunc agimus otiosi? Ibimus inambulatum ad Clarae?

    Ferranus:Locus est opportunus et amplus, si dies esset profestus. Hodie tamen frequens erit turba cerdonum et opificum omnium; non spatiabimur ex animo.

    Rosarius: Bene tu reputas quidem: nam et indulgendum Genio censeo locumque magis aptumeligendum

    Padronus:Quid igitur uobis aqua, quod aiunt, haeret? Non animaduertitis caelum subnubilum et ab Austro insurgentes nebulas? Tectum et umbram petamus, ubi non deerit, in quo nos oblectemus,⁴ unius uel duorum exenterata crumena, praesertim quod, ni multo...

  6. INTRODUCTION TO THE PASTOR BONUS
    (pp. 61-100)

    Maldonado’sPastor Bonusoffers urgent advice for church and social reform in late 1529. It takes the form of an open letter to the recently appointed bishop of Burgos, Don Iñigo López de Mendoza. In response to the work’s abundant anecdotes illustrating widespread corruption, both Marcel Bataillon and Heliodoro García García have stressed its picaresque tone. Bataillon points out in Maldonado’s grim portrait of Spanish society “la influencia de laMoria, de la diatriba moral en que se pasan en revista todas las categorías de hombres. En él se presiente, por otra parte, la amarga elocuencia del Guzmán de Alfarache....

  7. Pastor Bonus: Latin text
    (pp. 101-219)

    Pastor Bonus per Ioannem Maldonatum. Libellus sane dignus quem praesules legant et suis legendum propinent.

    Illustrissimo ac Reuerendissimo in Christo Patri Domino. D. Inacho Mendozae Episcopo Burgensi Ioannes Maldonatus.

    S[alutem] P[lurimam] D[icit].

    Antequam ingrediar promere, pater amplissime, meum in his litteris princeps institutum atque propositum, admiratione, quae te forte iam tenet, omnino conabor absoluere. Miraberis haud quidem immerito, cur ego, uir nequaquam sane percelebris, sed neque de facie tibi notus, ausim te literis in uoluminis prope mensuram porrectis, interpellare, uirum maiorum imaginibus celebrem, episcopatu conspicuum, uirtutibus clarum, eruditione praestantem, longe praeterea renotum, maximis negotiis inuolutum, /seriis apud Caesarem rebus occupatum....

  8. BACCHANALIA. Ioannis Maldonati Geniale Iudicium siue Bacchanalia
    (pp. 220-282)

    Pro caeleste numen! Mulierculis tantam inesse uecordiam et audaciam, ut ciuitatem audeant perturbare atque ciues in furorem et arma ciuilia protrudere? Vix mihi spiritus prae stupore suggerit uerba, uix anhelitum traho. Murmur tamen ex meo perturbato uultu gestuque commotum resideat paululum, et ego quid nuntiatum ueniam, explicabo. Conticuistis uos? Ego promissum absoluo. Accensus ego sum, praemissus a magis-[36v] tratibus, ad uos, candidi spectatores, admonendos, ne nouitate rei, quam estis audituri, commoueamini. Ingens seditio coorta nunc est in foro cunctisque furentibus prae studio iuuandi partes, vix a magistratibus compressa est. Duae mulierculae cinctae ualidis copiis ardentibus studiis se mutuo impetebant. Quas...

  9. WORKS CITED
    (pp. 283-294)