Platonic Stoicism - Stoic Platonism

Platonic Stoicism - Stoic Platonism: The Dialogue between Platonism and Stoicism in Antiquity

Mauro BONAZZI
Christoph HELMIG
Volume: 39
Copyright Date: 2007
Published by: Leuven University Press
Pages: 326
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt9qf0m2
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  • Book Info
    Platonic Stoicism - Stoic Platonism
    Book Description:

    This book examines the important but largely neglected issue of the interrelation between Platonism and Stoicism in Ancient Philosophy. Several renowned specialists in the fields of Stoic and Platonic analyse the intricate mutual influences between Stoic and Platonic philosophers in the Hellenistic period, the Imperial Age, and after. Although it has been repeatedly claimed that the phenomenon addressed in this book could best be labelled eclecticism, it emerges from the various articles collected here that the situation is much more complicated. Far from being eclectics, most Stoics and Platonists consciously appropriated their material in order to integrate it into their own philosophical system. The dialogue between Platonists and Stoics testifies to active debate and controversy on central topics such as psychology, epistemology, physics, and ethics. This book will deepen our understanding of the dialogue between different philosophical schools in Antiquity. The results presented here teach one clear lesson: Platonism and Stoicism were by no means monolithic blocks, but were continuously moulded by mutual influence and interaction.

    eISBN: 978-94-6166-028-2
    Subjects: Philosophy

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. I-IV)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. V-V)
  3. LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
    (pp. VI-VI)
  4. INTRODUCTION The dialogue between Stoicism and Platonism in Antiquity
    (pp. VII-XVI)
    MAURO BONAZZI and CHRISTOPH HELMIG

    According to an ancient tradition, Zeno of Citium, founder of the Stoic school had been a pupil of the last head of the Old Academy, namely Polemo, son of Philostratus. The relationship between Polemo and Zeno can be seen as the starting point of a fruitful and intriguing history of mutual influence and enrichment.¹ Polemo is, in the words of John Dillon, the first “bridge figure between Platonism and Stoicism”.² Hence, he certainly best introduces the topic of this volume of collected essays on the dialogue between Platonism and Stoicism in the Hellenistic and Imperial Age.

    It is a widespread...

  5. 1 LE DÉBAT ENTRE PLATONISME ET STOÏCISME SUR LA VIE SCOLASTIQUE: CHRYSIPPE, LA NOUVELLE ACADÉMIE ET ANTIOCHUS
    (pp. 1-22)
    THOMAS BÉNATOUÏL

    Cet article s’inscrit dans un projet plus large d’étude des rapports entre σχολή et philosophie dans l’Antiquité, et en particulier de leurs transformations de l’époque classique à l’époque impériale, transformations dont Platon, ses divers successeurs et les stoïciens me semblent les protagonistes majeurs. Un très bon témoin en est la critique adressée par Chrysippe aux défenseurs de la « vie scolastique ». Je me propose d’examiner le témoignage de Plutarque qui nous rapporte cette critique, en identifiant ses cibles et les arguments sur lesquels elle repose et en montrant qu’elle peut être lue comme une discussion de certains textes de...

  6. 2 ALCUNI ESEMPI DELLA RELAZIONE TRA L’ETICA STOICA E PLATONE
    (pp. 23-40)
    FRANCESCA ALESSE

    Nel corso di una rapida ricognizione dei rapporti che sussistono tra l’etica stoica e l’opera platonica, a lato di un atteggiamento degli Stoici che, in generale, non si mostra favorevole a Platone, si evidenziano tre fattori di cui è opportuno tener conto: in primo luogo il desiderio, manifesto già in Zenone, di emulare Socrate e, quindi, di ricostruire un retroterra socratico per il proprio sistema di dottrine morali; un’operazione in cui i dialoghi platonici giocano un ruolo non inferiore alla restante letteratura socratica; in secondo luogo, l’esigenza di approntare una strategia di difesa contro l’Accademia scettica, una strategia nella quale...

  7. 3 LA LECTURE STOÏCIENNE DU LACONISME À TRAVERS LE FILTRE DE PLATON
    (pp. 41-62)
    SOPHIE AUBERT

    En conférant au laconisme expressif une substance et une dignité philosophiques, le stoïcisme occupa une place cruciale dans sa constitution en paradigme rhétorique dans la culture antique et contribua de façon décisive à la fortune de cet idéal stylistique.¹ Il suivait sur ce point la voie ouverte par Socrate dans leProtagoras, ce qui souligne la parenté originelle entre les choix rhétoriques du Portique et ceux de l’Académie. À l’origine de ces deux traditions stylistiques devenues rapidement divergentes, se trouve une commune admiration pour la brièveté laconique, expression de la tradition sapientiale et gnomique des Anciens. Nous nous attacherons plus...

  8. 4 L’ÉRÔS PÉDAGOGIQUE CHEZ PLATON ET LES STOÏCIENS
    (pp. 63-86)
    VALÉRY LAURAND

    Le but de cet article est de définir la nature et la fonction de l’éros stoïcien dans un rapprochement aveclepenseur, de l’éros, et de l’éros pédagogique. Ma première partie (I) constituera un premier survol de ce rapprochement, à travers l’analyse d’un passage assez étonnant d’Épictète, qui, de tonalité fortement platonicienne, semble pourtant, tout en en faisant un usage assumé, rejeter le délire amoureux du philosophe chez Platon. Les deuxième et troisième temps de la réflexion voudraient constituer une discussion de la thèse de l’article fondamental de B. Inwood « Why do Fools fall in Love ? ».¹ J’essaierai...

  9. 5 PLATONISM AND STOICISM IN VERGIL’S AENEID
    (pp. 87-108)
    JOHN STEVENS

    In this volume on the intersection of Platonism and Stoicism, special attention is due to the early Roman empire, after the influences of Posidonius, Antiochus of Ascalon, Eudorus, Cicero, and Arius Didymus, when some began to think of the two philosophies as a single set of great ideas. The tripartite psychology of Plato is not easily reconciled with Stoic monism; but in the poetic world of Vergil’sAeneid(17 bc) we are offered a unique window into how the empire’s intellectuals adopted elements of each school to form a coherent whole.

    In this essay I argue that theAeneidis...

  10. 6 EUDORUS’ PSYCHOLOGY AND STOIC ETHICS
    (pp. 109-132)
    MAURO BONAZZI

    The second book of Stobaeus’Anthologiumhas often been used as evidence to reconstruct the position of Eudorus of Alexandria and its relation as much to Stoicism as to Platonism. Indeed, if scholars of Stoicism have tried to show how this evidence proves Eudorus’ dependence on Stoic doctrines, scholars of Platonism have exploited it to demonstrate Eudorus’ key role in the development of Imperial Platonism. That such diverse interpretations are possible is due to the different ways in which Stobaeus’ testimony has been used. Indeed, even if the portion of the text that is explicitly attributable to Eudorus appears to...

  11. 7 ONOMASTIC REFERENCE IN SENECA. THE CASE OF PLATO AND THE PLATONISTS
    (pp. 133-148)
    TEUN TIELEMAN

    The title of this paper stands in need of explanation. First of all, I would like to stress that my primary concern is not with the conceptual relation of Seneca’s work to Plato and/or the Platonist tradition – a vast subject in itself. Rather I will pursue the more modest purpose of inventorizing and evaluating such explicit references to Plato and Platonists as are to be found throughout the corpus of Seneca’s writings. What can be learned from these references as facts of literary and philosophical communication? How do they function in their respective contexts? What picture of Plato and...

  12. 8 SENECA, PLATO AND PLATONISM: THE CASE OF LETTER 65
    (pp. 149-168)
    BRAD INWOOD

    It is not uncommon to use Seneca’s letters, especially 58 and 65, primarily as sources for the development of Platonism; it is also common to study these letters primarily in the light of Platonic tradition;¹ as a result, it is natural to devote the majority of one’s scholarly attention only to the first half of each letter. Even David Sedley has fallen prey to this tendency in his recent study of these letters.² If one’s goal is to chart the history of Platonism it is certainly necessary to use these letters of Seneca (and a few others) as part of...

  13. 9 THE STOIC BACKGROUND TO THE MIDDLE PLATONIST DISCUSSION OF FATE
    (pp. 169-188)
    ROBERT W. SHARPLES

    The treatiseOn Fateprobably dates from the second century ad. There are no very firm grounds for the dating or, indeed, for its not being by Plutarch himself; the claim that it is not rests chiefly on its scholastic nature.¹ It shows little of the intellectual excitement characteristic of Plutarch’s writing.

    The treatise discusses fate under two headings: its substance and its activity. Fate as substance is connected with the world-soul of theTimaeus. Fate as activity is interpreted as the conditional law by which certain actions are followed by certain consequences, drawing on standard proof-texts from Plato himself:...

  14. 10 MARCUS AURELIUS’ MEDITATIONS: HOW STOIC AND HOW PLATONIC?
    (pp. 189-208)
    CHRISTOPHER GILL

    I tackle here a longstanding scholarly question: how far Marcus’Meditationsreflect orthodox Stoic thinking or a more mixed or eclectic approach, influenced by Platonic and other theories. I approach this question especially through a close reading of a number of passages on psychology which seem to display Platonic-style dualism. I argue that the passages can reasonably be interpreted as expressing Stoic ideas, even though these are formulated in a rather unexpected way.

    Why does this issue of Marcus’ relationship to Plato arise? There are several prominent and recurrent features of theMeditations, which seem both non-standard in Stoic terms...

  15. 11 PLATONISMO E TEORIA DELLA CONOSCENZA STOICA TRA II E III SECOLO D.C.
    (pp. 209-242)
    RICCARDO CHIARADONNA

    La dottrina stoica della concezioni comuni ebbe un’importante posterità nel platonismo di età tardo-ellenistica e imperiale. Sicuramente, il testo più noto che testimonia della sua fortuna è il trattato polemico di PlutarcoDe communibus notitiis adversus Stoicos.¹ D’altra parte, la ricezione della dottrina delle κοιναὶ ἔννοιαι non è soltanto la storia di un rifiuto, ma anche (e principalmente) la storia di un’integrazione. Le concezioni comuni sono infatti richiamate da numerosi filosofi variamente riconducibili al platonismo, da Antioco di Ascalona fino a Simplicio, i quali, in modi molto diversi, mirano comunque tutti a riservare un posto per le κοιναὶ ἔννοιαι nel...

  16. 12 CALCIDIUS ON GOD
    (pp. 243-258)
    GRETCHEN REYDAMS-SCHILS

    In his 4th c. ad Latin commentary on theTimaeus, Calcidius very cleverly uses structuring devices from Plato’s original to arrange his exposition. Thus a crucial junction in the commentary, as in theTimaeus(47e), is the distinction between ‘the works of reason’ and those ‘of necessity,’ which introduces the third main part of Calcidius’ exposition: his discussion of matter (ch. 268). This is how Calcidius renders Plato’s text:

    (1) Ch. 268

    Since, apart from a few exceptions, we have considered all that the insight of the provident mind has wrought, we have now to speak of the role of...

  17. BIBLIOGRAPHY
    (pp. 259-288)
  18. INDICES
    (pp. 289-302)
  19. Back Matter
    (pp. 303-312)