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Youth and community empowerment in Europe

Youth and community empowerment in Europe: International perspectives

Peter Evans
Angelika Krüger
Copyright Date: 2012
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  • Book Info
    Youth and community empowerment in Europe
    Book Description:

    The current economic crisis with its gloomy implications for lost generations leaves many disadvantaged young people with ever-diminishing opportunities. The Youth Empowerment Partnership Programme (YEPP) is a fully evaluated on-going international programme focused on disadvantaged areas in eight European countries. It aims to empower young people and the communities in which they live by making them central to new decisionmaking processes involving partnerships between public, private and independent sectors. This book provides the theoretical context for the programme, gives a full account of the process and outcomes of over 10 years of joint effort in its unique development and research process and reflects on the lessons learnt for future policy. It will appeal to practitioners, researchers, policy-makers and decision-makers in foundations.

    eISBN: 978-1-4473-0593-4
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of figures and tables
    (pp. vii-vii)
  4. List of abbreviations
    (pp. viii-viii)
  5. Acknowledgements
    (pp. ix-ix)
  6. Preface
    (pp. x-xviii)
  7. Background to the Youth Empowerment Partnership Programme
    (pp. xix-xxvi)

    This book provides an up-to-date account of the first decade of the Youth Empowerment Partnership Programme (YEPP) (2001–11). In 2012 YEPP entered a new era, and although ‘YEPP’, as an approach and methodology, continues to be implemented in YEPP Local Sites, the organisational structure and governance at an international level have taken a different form from the first decade. As a result, the authors prefer to use the past tense in this section when referring to YEPP I and YEPP II.

    YEPP was supported by a consortium of European and American foundations and aims to improve the quality of...

  8. ONE Introduction: the theoretical context of the YEPP approach
    (pp. 1-12)

    The Youth Empowerment Partnership Programme (YEPP) supports young people and the communities in which they live by increasing their self-organising and self-determining capabilities through a process of individual and local empowerment brought about through the creation of partnerships. The thinking lying behind YEPP depends on two major movements – the community development approach and community education. A very brief overview of these two movements is provided in the following paragraphs, based on Bleckmann and Krüger (2007).

    The community development approach is a participatory and people–empowering model, aimed at increasing peoples’ capacity to influence the conditions which affect their lives. It...

  9. TWO YEPP I: implementation
    (pp. 13-18)

    The previous chapter outlined the broader context in which YEPP has been created and explained its key concepts of empowerment and partnerships. This chapter provides an account of the implementation of YEPP I, its concept of change and the method used to evaluate changes on the ground.

    YEPP was implemented in six European countries, in seven disadvantaged areas. These sites are known as ‘Local Programme Sites’.¹ The countries and sites involved are:

    Belgium: Antwerp-North

    Bosnia and Herzegovina: Tuzla (Simin Han)

    Finland: Kristinestad

    Germany: Mannheim (Neckarstadt-West)

    Ireland: Dublin (North-East Inner City)

    Italy: Turin (Mirafiori South)

    Italy: Turin (Parella).

    Local Programme Sites...

  10. THREE YEPP I: key changes in YEPP Local Programme Sites
    (pp. 19-82)

    This chapter provides summaries of the key changes that took place in the YEPP Local Programme Sites based on data provided in both the internal and external evaluation reports. The first to be described are those sites where YEPP was well implemented: Tuzla-Simin Han in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Turin-Mirafiori in Italy and Kristinestad in Finland. Next are those where there was only partial implementation: Turin-Parella in Italy; Antwerp North in Belgium and Mannheim Neckarstadt-West in Germany. Dublin North East Inner City in Ireland is the last Local Programme Site to be presented, since it became part of YEPP much later...

  11. FOUR YEPP I: meeting the goals
    (pp. 83-100)

    This chapter presents the data from the Local Programme Sites described in Chapter Three, in tabular form, and provides further discussion, especially from a comparative perspective. In these tables the seven Local Programme Sites have been grouped together on the basis of how well they implemented the YEPP model and met the 10 non-negotiable elements of YEPP. Thus, Tuzla-Simin Han, Mirafiori and Kristinestad are considered ‘well implemented’ and Parella, Antwerp North and Mannheim Neckarstadt-West as ‘partly implemented’. Dublin North East Inner City is treated individually because it was a latecomer to the YEPP. These tables provide ‘at a glance’ indications...

  12. FIVE YEPP II: learning from YEPP I
    (pp. 101-120)

    The internal and external evaluations of YEPP I provided convincing evidence that YEPP works in fully implemented and supported sites. In addition, following consultations with partner organisations and key actors of the YEPP network and with the foundations that had expressed an interest in participating in the next phase of YEPP, the partners and stakeholders of YEPP decided to extend the programme by a further multi-year period (2007–11). This decision reflected the understanding that bringing about sustainable social change in disadvantaged areas through an empowerment and partnership approach is a long-term process to which they were willing to commit....

  13. SIX YEPP II: portraits and overall programme outcomes
    (pp. 121-160)

    The first five chapters in this book have introduced YEPP and its logic and, through a systematic evaluation, have argued that there is good evidence that the YEPP model causes desired changes in the disadvantaged communities in which it is working, thereby engaging constructively many of the young people living there. Based on this confidence, foundation investment continued for a further period and Chapter Five describes how YEPP developed from a research programme into a development programme.

    This chapter provides brief portraits of some of the YEPP Local Programme Sites in order to provide a better picture of how YEPP...

  14. SEVEN YEPP I and II: conclusions and policy implications
    (pp. 161-176)

    Based on the results of the evaluations carried out on both YEPP I and II, the principal conclusion to be drawn is that young people participate actively in creating sustainable change if opportunities for civic and community engagement are open to them.

    Within YEPP, young people have demonstrated that they are ready for civic and community engagement and for becoming agents of change when they get the opportunity to participate in decision making processes and when they get the opportunity to further develop their capacities and gain skills to make their voices heard. Within YEPP, young people have seized the...

  15. Epilogue: the future of YEPP
    (pp. 177-184)

    As a major conclusion of the 10 years of YEPP, it was decided to continue the work at local level in the communities, to develop a new structure at transnational level and to bring the YEPP approach and methodology to a wider audience.

    In early 2009, a broad and participative consultation process was initiated with YEPP stakeholders at local and transnational levels in order to develop a plan for the future of YEPP post-2011, when YEPP as a foundation-led programme would come to an end. The results of the consultation process were assessed by the YEPP Post-2011 Working Group, which...

  16. References
    (pp. 185-190)
  17. Index
    (pp. 191-196)
  18. Back Matter
    (pp. 197-197)