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Renewing neighbourhoods

Renewing neighbourhoods: Work, enterprise and governance

Stephen Syrett
David North
Copyright Date: 2008
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  • Book Info
    Renewing neighbourhoods
    Book Description:

    Jobs and enterprise are critical to creating viable neighbourhoods. Yet much recent policy activity aimed at the regeneration of deprived neighbourhoods has had only a marginal impact on the economic challenges presented by areas of concentrated disadvantage. This book directly addresses the economic development issues central to neighbourhood renewal, drawing on the authors' original research and wide-ranging analysis of recent academic theory and policy practice. Their critical examination of the economic problems of deprived areas, and the range of employment and enterprise-related policy initiatives and governance arrangements that have attempted to address them, offers informed insights into what does and what does not work. Through its topical focus on issues of work and enterprise in deprived neighbourhoods, Renewing neighbourhoods goes to the heart of much current policy practice that seeks to combine concerns of economic competitiveness with those of social exclusion. It will be essential reading for academics, practitioners and policy makers working in the fields of urban regeneration, neighbourhood renewal and local and regional economic development. It will also be a key text for students of urban studies, planning, social policy, human geography and related disciplines.

    eISBN: 978-1-84742-364-1
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of tables, figures and boxes
    (pp. vii-ix)
  4. Acknowledgements
    (pp. x-x)
    Stephen Syrett and David North
  5. List of abbreviations
    (pp. xi-xiv)
  6. ONE In search of economic revival
    (pp. 1-46)

    The persistence of poverty, social inequality and social exclusion spatially concentrated in certain localities and neighbourhoods is a longstanding and prominent feature of urban landscapes. Such spatially concentrated deprivation is largely tolerated and ignored on a day-to-day basis, yet comes into political focus during periods of social unrest, whether in the form of riots, gangland activity, terrorism or more everyday antisocial behaviour. These events revive, albeit often only temporarily, well-rehearsed debates concerning the dangers of concentrated deprivation in undermining social and community cohesion and creating political instability, as well as the moral issues of permitting the existence of severe social...

  7. TWO In what sense a neighbourhood problem?
    (pp. 47-94)

    Fundamental to effective policy responses to the economic challenges posed by deprived neighbourhoods is an understanding of the processes that produce and reproduce contemporary patterns of concentrated deprivation. This chapter sets out an understanding of neighbourhood deprivation rooted in the interface between wider processes of economic change and the particular place-based characteristics of neighbourhoods embedded within wider local and regional economies. Although the economic drivers that underlie the emerging geographies of enterprise and employment provide insights into the causes underlying concentrated deprivation, they cannot explain their particular constitution in a given place at a particular time. For this the nature...

  8. THREE Work and worklessness
    (pp. 95-142)

    A defining characteristic of deprived neighbourhoods is the relatively high levels of unemployment and worklessness experienced by their resident populations. This has fundamental implications as involuntary exclusion from the labour market is the principal cause of social exclusion in a society where paid work is the main source of income, social status and identity, and social interaction outside the family (Gordon and Turok, 2005, p 254). It follows therefore that the regeneration and renewal of deprived neighbourhoods is closely linked to increasing the proportion of the working-age population who are in work and, in so doing, overcoming the various barriers...

  9. FOUR Enterprise and entrepreneurship
    (pp. 143-188)

    This chapter considers the role that enterprise and entrepreneurship can play in renewing neighbourhoods as well as reviewing the various kinds of policy intervention that have sought to stimulate enterprise in deprived neighbourhoods. Of the three different rationales that were put forward in Chapter Two for policy intervention in deprived areas, both strengthening economic competitiveness and the pursuit of social inclusion currently feature prominently in the discourse concerning the importance of enterprise and entrepreneurship in tackling the problems of deprived localities. A central question underlying this chapter is the extent to which these two rationales are in conflict with each...

  10. FIVE Institutions and governance: integrating and coordinating policy
    (pp. 189-230)

    The previous two chapters have analysed an array of labour market and enterprise policy interventions that have developed in relation to deprived neighbourhoods and demonstrated their often limited effectiveness. In seeking to better understand the reasons why these policies have had only a restricted impact, part of the explanation relates to the nature of the governance structures and institutional arrangements responsible for their development and implementation. In this respect, progressing and delivering effective policy to tackle the economic problems of deprived neighbourhoods generates particular challenges. First, tackling multiple and reinforcing elements of deprivation concentrated within a given locality requires integrating...

  11. SIX Deprived neighbourhoods: future prospects for economic intervention
    (pp. 231-252)

    Concentrations of poverty rooted within particular neighbourhoods are a longstanding and persistent feature of evolving urban landscapes. The challenges faced by such neighbourhoods are multifaceted and the policy responses many and varied. In this book we have focused on the economic dimension of the problems of poor neighbourhoods, exploring how these areas are integrated within wider economic development processes in such a way that the benefits flowing from dominant models of economic growth routinely bypass their residents. In analysing the nature of the policy response, the book has considered the development of UK policy, evaluating critically an array of policy...

  12. References
    (pp. 253-278)
  13. Index
    (pp. 279-290)