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Reinventing social solidarity across Europe

Reinventing social solidarity across Europe

Edited by Marion Ellison
Copyright Date: 2012
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt9qgs60
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  • Book Info
    Reinventing social solidarity across Europe
    Book Description:

    As Europe's public realms face upheaval, this is the first book to identify how social solidarity is being reinvented from below and redefined from above. Interdisciplinary transnational approaches provide new insights into the relationship between national and transnational social solidarity across Europe.Valuable to students, policy makers and scholars, it reveals social solidarity as the defining pillar of European integration, bringing a greater dimension and integrity beyond democracy across nation states.

    eISBN: 978-1-84742-728-1
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of figures and tables
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Preface and acknowledgements
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Notes on contributors
    (pp. xi-xvi)
  6. ONE Introduction: social solidarity in Europe: the fourth pillar
    (pp. 1-16)
    Marion Ellison

    The European Union (EU) is committed to the principle of solidarity, which is regarded as vital to the notion of a social Europe that is embedded in the European Charter of Fundamental Rights¹ and is rendered legally binding by the Lisbon Treaty 2007.² Connecting social and economic to civil and political rights, social solidarity is articulated by the Solidarity Chapter of the Charter, with articles that include ‘fair and just working conditions’, ‘social security and social assistance’ and the ‘right of collective bargaining and action’. Recently consolidated by a series of European Directives and Programmes,³ social solidarity is firmly established...

  7. TWO The concept of solidarity in the European integration discourse
    (pp. 17-28)
    Józef Niżnik

    This chapter is devoted to the concept of solidarity and its role in European integration discourse. I deliberately use the phrase ‘European integration discourse’ rather than ‘discourse about the European Union’, and the reasons for this will become clear once the meaning of the term has been explained. After initial conceptual analysis focused on a general meaning of the concept of solidarity and its possible divergences, I clarify my understanding of a discourse pointing out that the role of discourse goes well beyond its linguistic expressions. The discourse is presented as a constitutive factor affecting its whole subject matter. Being...

  8. THREE Solidarity at the margins of European society: linking the European social model to local conditions and solidarities
    (pp. 29-48)
    Tomáš Sirovátka and Petr Mareš

    The European Union (EU) social model promoted primarily by the new ‘soft instruments’ of the ‘Social Open Method of Coordination’ (Social OMC) is built around the idea of social solidarity between and within nations of the EU. At the same time, since social policy is based on the principle of subsidiarity, the success of the Social OMC depends on ‘national solidarities.’ It is also confronted both at the EU and national level with other issues/agendas of the EU, such as hard instruments of economic/market integration. Focusing on how the Social OMC is forged within the national understanding and level of...

  9. FOUR Towards a globalisation of solidarity?
    (pp. 49-70)
    Menno Fenger and Kees van Paridon

    Ever since Emile Durkheim introduced the concept of solidarity into the social sciences, many authors have evaluated this topic, often with quite different views. The question of whether or not communities, nations or other systems have enough ‘solidarity’ has been the source of numerous fierce scientific (and societal) debates. This has not changed in the era of globalisation. Again, opinions differ greatly on the impact of globalisation on solidarity. Some authors perceive globalisation as a threat to domestic solidarities (see, for instance, Brunkhorst, 2007), whereas others point to the possibilities that globalisation offers for solidarity within or beyond the current...

  10. FIVE Contested terrains and emerging solidarities within childcare law, policy and practice in Europe
    (pp. 71-82)
    Marion Ellison

    The ‘lived’ and ‘shared learned experiences’ of children and young people across Europe most clearly define and reflect the condition and contours of the European public realm. Largely shaped by the dynamics of institutionalised social solidarity and delivered through universal education and welfare services, their integration within and across European society pivot on a definitive balance between public and private responsibility (Lorenz, 1998; Lister, 2006; Midgely, 2008). For children in care across Europe, lived and learned experiences lie at the intersection of this balance, revealing how states mediate the relationship between the ‘dis-welfares’ (Gough, 1979) generated by the global economy...

  11. SIX Embedding European identity in context: changing social solidarities in Europe
    (pp. 83-98)
    Jim Barry, Elisabeth Berg and John Chandler

    In this chapter we are concerned with contributing to an understanding of challenges facing an enlarged European Union (EU), with a focus on issues of social cohesion and solidarity, linked to the idea of a collective European identity. This is of considerable importance because, in a context in which geographical expansion renders Europe increasingly diverse – culturally, economically and politically – there is no theorisation of European society at the present time in studies of Europeanisation that is ‘comparable to the theory of the state’ (Delanty and Rumford, 2005: 1). At first sight the difficulties confronting those seeking a theorisation...

  12. SEVEN Intra-European energy solidarity at the core of the European integration process: future possibilities and current constraints
    (pp. 99-120)
    Annamária Orbán and Zoltán Szántó

    One of the basic aims of the European Union (EU) is to be among the most competitive regions of the globalised world economy. The aim of all welfare states in the EU is to provide a good quality of life for their citizens. To be competitive economically and to provide a good quality of life in a modern welfare state requires – among other things – a very important resource: energy, which should be secured. This means that energy provision for Europe is a security question in all senses, ranging from the economic to social security. However, the EU is...

  13. EIGHT Social solidarities and immigration integration policies in South-Eastern Europe
    (pp. 121-138)
    Anna Krasteva

    Pavlik Morozov was a Soviet youth who lived in the first decades after the Bolshevik revolution. A fervent participant in the youth communist movement, he denounced his father by accusing him of supporting the enemies of the revolution by selling forged papers. His family could not forgive Pavlik and murdered him.

    This young man’s dramatic story and the choice he made take us straight to the heart of the Bolshevik idea of solidarity. Pavlik’s story became part of the mainstream art of the time – his short and tragic life was glorified in six biographies, several theatre plays, many songs,...

  14. NINE Normative power Europe: a tool for advancing social solidarity within and beyond Europe?
    (pp. 139-156)
    Andy Storey

    The concept of social solidarity was given both instrumental and normative significance at the inception of the European Community by the Schuman Declaration in May 1950, which established a basis for the cohesion policies endorsed by the Treaty of Rome in 1957. Some analyses appear to suggest that social solidarity as a normative concept within European discourse has declined significantly in recent decades (Józef Niżnik, Chapter Two of this volume; Arts and Gelissen, 2001). Manners (2008), however, argues that social solidarity is still represented as at least a subsidiary (but vital) norm, closely linked to associated human rights, within European...

  15. TEN Social solidarity in post-socialist countries
    (pp. 157-190)
    Damir Josipovič

    This chapter argues that recent socio-economic transitions have led to the erosion of social solidarity in post-socialist countries within Central and Eastern Europe. It is argued that the economic imperatives of capitalism have forced governments to abandon previous policy and welfare arrangements, and access to local labour markets, resulting in the attrition of legally granted social rights. This unexpected dissipation of social rights has led to dramatic changes in the demographic structure of the whole region, weakening social solidarity by fragmenting established social networks. Focusing on Central and Eastern European countries and placing special emphasis on the Yugoslav case of...

  16. ELEVEN Trade unions, NGOs and social solidarity in Romania
    (pp. 191-208)
    Cristina Stănuş

    This chapter explores the role played by trade unions and non-governmental organisations in stimulating the emergence of solidarity from below. Focusing on connections between different forms of citizen participation and social solidarity, it attempts to establish whether there is a link on an individual level between social solidarity and membership of trade unions and non-governmental organisations, given that both kinds of organisations are recognised as important agents of social solidarity (Gallin, 2000). Social solidarity is identified as a key element of modern democracy, and it is argued that globalisation, (European) integration and democratisation have given impetus to the reinvention of...

  17. TWELVE Social solidarity and preferences on welfare institutions across Europe
    (pp. 209-226)
    Béla Janky

    Old notions of solidarity face serious challenges in a transforming European Union (EU). Some developments in the current economic crisis highlight the increasing demand for Europe-wide social protection policies in a globalising economy. This, in itself, challenges the existing legal framework of the EU (Habermas, 2001; Scharpf, 2002). What is more, the very same developments (for example, increasing migration, enlargement of the EU, growing anxiety among the middle class), which call for a more encompassing concept of solidarity, are often blamed for the supposed erosion of once-solid traditional European principles of solidarity (Delanty, 2008)

    Among the above trends, the possible...

  18. THIRTEEN Social solidarity, human rights and Roma: unequal access to basic resources in Central and Eastern Europe
    (pp. 227-250)
    Richard Filčák and Daniel Škobla

    Inhabitants regularly, especially in the summer time, suffer from lack of water and they usually travel to the cooperative farm for water, carrying it back to their houses. This is labor usually performed by women and children. They often take water from streams in the forest, which is of doubtful quality, especially after the rains when the streams contain mud and the water is of yellow or brown color. (Filčák, 2007)

    The continuing presence of unequal access to basic resources¹ and widespread socio-economic inequalities in Europe works against the achievement of social solidarity and integration across European societies (Bulpett, 2002;...

  19. FOURTEEN Conclusion: the future of social solidarity in an enlarged Europe: key issues and research questions
    (pp. 251-262)
    Marion Ellison

    As many of the contributions in this volume have revealed, ‘lived’ and ‘shared learned’ experiences of social solidarity have become culturally embedded across European societies. Historically defined ‘particularities’ of social solidarity across nation-states exist in a European continent where people have shared experiences of war, economic strife, migration, emigration and climatic disaster. But people have also shared philosophical enlightenment and, to a greater or lesser extent, a commitment to ‘institutionalised social solidarity’ as the legitimation of the ‘social contract’.¹

    These ‘shared learned’ experiences have rendered solidarity central to the identity of the European Union (EU). As Józef Niżnik argues in...

  20. Index
    (pp. 263-270)
  21. Back Matter
    (pp. 271-271)