Skip to Main Content
Have library access? Log in through your library
Enterprising care?

Enterprising care?: Unpaid voluntary action in the 21st century

Irene Hardill
Susan Baines
Copyright Date: 2011
  • Cite this Item
  • Book Info
    Enterprising care?
    Book Description:

    More and more is being expected of volunteers and the voluntary sector in the UK. But what does it mean to be a volunteer today? This book seeks to add new insights into individual action in that part of the economy that is beyond the state and the market. Volunteering is examined from the perspective of the individual, the organisation, and the community (of place, identity or interest).

    eISBN: 978-1-84742-722-9
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of tables, figures and boxes
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. List of abbreviations
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Notes on the authors
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Acknowledgements
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
  7. ONE Fixing Britain’s ‘broken’ society: from the Third Way to Big Society
    (pp. 1-20)

    On 20 January 1961, when President John F. Kennedy was sworn in as the 35th President of the United States (US), he uttered the famous words, ‘my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country’. Almost five decades later in another liberal democracy, the new British Prime Minister David Cameron launched his Big Society drive to empower communities in Liverpool on 20th July 2010, describing social action as his ‘great passion’.

    The Big Society is about a huge culture change … here people, in their everyday lives, in...

  8. TWO Theoretical underpinnings of voluntary work and voluntary organisations: work, care or enterprise?
    (pp. 21-32)

    Volunteering is far from new, but over the past decade and a half, it has moved from the ‘shadows into the policy spotlight’ (Kendall, 2010, p 1). The weight of expectation about the contribution that volunteering, of all kinds, can make to the wellbeing of individuals and communities has never been greater (Rochester et al, 2010). The involvement of governments in volunteering has expanded since the mid-1990s, as we noted in Chapter One. Under the coalition government, in the UK, this seems set to continue, with the flagship Big Society agenda intended to encourage more volunteering and local action, to...

  9. THREE Understanding the journeys of individual volunteers: demanding community concern, or demonstrating job readiness?
    (pp. 33-54)

    In this chapter, we offer insights into understanding individual pathways to volunteering. As we noted in Chapter One, volunteering can be undertaken through a formal organisation or it can be a more informal activity. It is, therefore, extremely diverse. That said, it is an activity that people freely choose to do, without remuneration, to help or benefit non-household members. Every day, millions of people around the world make an important formal commitment to others by giving time to undertake unpaid voluntary work via a voluntary organisation. The types of voluntary activities undertaken are extremely varied (administration/office duties; service delivery; managerial...

  10. FOUR A professional paradox? ‘Managing’ volunteers in voluntary and community sector organisations
    (pp. 55-82)

    In this chapter, we focus on those people in the VCS who work for wages managing volunteers. This has become an increasingly important management issue, tied in with the professionalisation of the volunteering experience and of the sector in general (Gay, 2000a; Howlett, 2010). The sector has expanded in size and scope and while it is doing more, the number of volunteers has been static, but the number of paid staff has increased.

    Growing numbers of paid staff are dealing with the management of volunteers (see Figure 4.1). In one study, Gay (2000b) explored where there was a distinct body...

  11. FIVE Voluntary and community sector organisations as enterprising care providers: keeping organisational values distinctive
    (pp. 83-110)

    Volunteers have been called the lifeblood of the VCS (NCVO, 2010). Volunteering occurs in all sectors of the economy but most volunteers in England and Wales (an estimated two thirds) give help through VCSOs (Low et al, 2007). The sector is fluid and diverse in the extreme. There are arguments about where its boundaries lie and, indeed, if it can reasonably be called a ‘sector’ (Halfpenny and Reid, 2002). It has been famously and picturesquely denoted as a ‘loose and baggy monster’ (Kendall and Knapp, 1995, p 67). More prosaically, it is ‘complex in the sense that there are a...

  12. SIX Volunteering: an articulation of caring communities
    (pp. 111-130)

    As we noted in Chapter Five, (formal) voluntary organisations are often established to serve the needs of neighbourhoods and communities (of place as well as interest). The spatially targeted nature of their activities has recently been the focus of attention by geographers and sociologists (such as Milligan and Fyfe, 2004, 2005; Sampson et al, 2005). This is because the community/neighbourhood has re-emerged in both policy and academic circles as an important setting for many of the processes that supposedly shape social identity and life chances, including local social relations, social cohesion and social capital (Forrest and Kearns, 2001; Galster, 2001)....

  13. SEVEN Volunteering: caring for people like me
    (pp. 131-146)

    In Chapter Six, we began looking at volunteering in communities and noted that ‘community’ can have meanings beyond designating individuals who share a particularly geographical space. In his seminal workBowling Alone, Putnam (2000) highlights how a wide range of communities – the Brightville community (of Chapter Six) being one, but also the Scout community, the iPhone community, the Christian Aid community, the Peterborough United football supporting community and so on – give their members a sense of belonging. These communities are embedded to a greater or lesser extent in some geographic locality, but all share in common a sense...

  14. EIGHT The big issue of the Big Society: mobilising communities alongside fiscal austerity
    (pp. 147-166)

    The year 2011 has been declared the ‘European Year of Volunteering’ to recognise over 100 million European volunteers active across member states and the contribution they make to society. This initiative of the European Commission marks the 10th anniversary of the UN ‘International Year of the Volunteer 2001’, which aimed to highlight the achievements of volunteers worldwide and to encourage more people to engage in voluntary activity. Such celebratory cross-national events reflect the high profile of volunteering and political imperatives to celebrate and expand it. We have looked throughout this book at volunteering with organisations that provide care in England,...

  15. Bibliography
    (pp. 167-196)
  16. Index
    (pp. 197-202)
  17. Back Matter
    (pp. 203-203)