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Asylum, migration and community

Asylum, migration and community

Maggie O’Neill
Copyright Date: 2010
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  • Book Info
    Asylum, migration and community
    Book Description:

    Issues of asylum, migration, humanitarian protection and integration/belonging are of growing interest beyond the disciplines of refugee studies, migration, and social policy. Rooted in more than two decades of scholarship, this book uses critical social theory and the participatory, biographical and arts-based methods used with asylum seekers, refugees and emerging communities to explore the dynamics of the asylum-migration-community nexus. It argues that interdisciplinary analysis is required to deal with the complexity of the issues involved and offers understanding as praxis (purposeful knowledge), drawing on innovative research that is participatory, arts-based, performative and policy-relevant.

    eISBN: 978-1-84742-224-8
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-v)
  3. List of figures
    (pp. vi-vii)
  4. List of abbreviations
    (pp. viii-viii)
  5. Acknowledgements
    (pp. ix-x)
  6. Copyright acknowledgements
    (pp. xi-xii)
  7. Preface
    (pp. xiii-xvi)
    Maggie O’Neill
  8. Introduction
    (pp. 1-28)

    Issues of asylum, migration, humanitarian protection and belonging/ integration are of growing interest to scholars, practitioners and policy makers beyond the disciplinary areas of refugee and migration studies. Rooted in more than a decade of research using participatory, biographical and arts-based methods with asylum seekers, refugees and undocumented people as well as new and emerging communities, this book explores the dynamics of the asylum-migration-community nexus. It argues that interdisciplinary analysis is required to deal with the complexity of the issues involved, and offers understanding as praxis (purposeful knowledge), drawing on innovative, participatory, performative and policy-oriented research.

    Following Lindner (2006) and...

  9. ONE Globalisation, forced migration, humiliation and social justice
    (pp. 29-62)

    Howard Adelman locates the production of refugees and the discourses and policies that have emerged as a response to the movement or flow of refugees, asylum seekers and stateless people across borders to processes of globalisation,¹ modernity and the political system of nation states:

    Refugees are the products of modernity. Their plight became acute when the processes of modernity became globalized, when the political system of nation states first became extended over the whole globe and efforts were made to sort the varied nations of the world into political states. (Adelman, 1999, p 83)

    In this chapter I support this...

  10. TWO Asylum-migration-community nexus
    (pp. 63-92)

    This chapter discusses the asylum-migration-community nexus as it is experienced in the UK within the context of globalisation and discussions of social justice raised in Chapter One. Concepts and understandings of ‘community’ linked to asylum and migration are discussed in the context of broader social, relational and historical processes. Indeed, as Schoene (2009) argues, globalisation demands an account and understanding of community, ‘how we connect one to the other, starting with the most intimate levels of everyday existence (our lives as family members, lovers and friends) via our communal neighbourhoods right up to the abstract heights of the nation and...

  11. THREE Researching the asylum-migration-community nexus
    (pp. 93-122)

    This chapter argues that the articulation of identity and belonging for those situated in the tension that is the asylum-migration-community nexus¹ can helpfully be understood within the context of: (a) renewed methodologies for social research that are participatory, relational, interpretive and action-oriented; (b) a deep understanding of the economic and political relations of humiliation, inclusion and exclusion that includes the role of the mass media (print and broadcast); and (c) the related issue of governance at national, European and international levels. There is a need to develop alternative forms of representing and analysing the lived experiences of refugees and asylum...

  12. FOUR Representing refugees and asylum seekers in the mainstream and alternative media: discourses of inclusion and exclusion
    (pp. 123-142)

    In previous work (O’Neill and Harindranath, 2006) I suggested that people come to understand the lived experience of ‘asylum’ and migration through the mediated images and narratives of mass media institutions as well as advocacy groups, networks and academic research. The media politics of asylum can be seen as constituted through the weaving together of legal, governance and media narratives/messages for general consumption. Moreover, while the mainstream media contribute to debates on the notion of asylum, they are thus crucially implicated in the politics of representation of refugees and asylum seekers.

    Research on the media representation of asylum seekers and...

  13. FIVE Diasporic communities: citizenship, social justice and belonging
    (pp. 143-176)

    This chapter picks up on the methodological issues raised in Chapters Three and Four and documents a research trajectory conducted over a 10-year period using ethno-mimetic research, PAR and PA methods with new arrival groups and communities situated in the asylum-migration-community nexus.

    Chapter Three stressed the benefits of working in participatory ways using arts-based research with refugees and asylum seekers to: represent lived experiences; claim a voice; raise awareness of relations of humiliation, exclusion as well as inclusion; and challenge exclusionary processes and practices. I suggested that such methodologies can support the articulation of identity and belonging for those situated...

  14. SIX Children, young people and unaccompanied young people
    (pp. 177-204)

    A range of research conducted with refugee families and unaccompanied children and young people document the failings of the asylum system and deep anxieties experienced by asylum seekers, refugees and support agencies about the asylum process in the UK.¹ Although research has recognised and documented the needs of children and young people, policy responses are inadequate and contradictory. Children situated in the asylum-migration-community nexus often find themselves alone, with little support, facing harassment and bullying, housed in inappropriate accommodation for their years, some are housed in detention centres (pseudo prisons), some are facing age dispute cases, dispersal or return when...

  15. SEVEN Women refugees and asylum seekers
    (pp. 205-232)

    A headline in theNew Statesman29 October 2009 reads: ‘Home is where the heartbreak is. Asylum-seeking women are especially vulnerable to persecution, but the British immigration system does little to help’:

    ‘Maybe I should just go back and die,’ says Esther. ‘It happens all the time. People go to sleep and just don’t wake up.’ If she returns to her native Kenya, Esther will be under threat of murder and rape. But the UK has refused her asylum. Her situation is typical of the plight of vulnerable female refugees, trapped in a system that does not recognise their needs....

  16. EIGHT Refused asylum seekers, destitution, poverty and social networks
    (pp. 233-246)

    Refused and ‘undocumented’ migrants who do not have permission to reside in the country because they may have overstayed their visa, been refused asylum or entered the country ‘illegally’ are likely to experience destitution. Undocumented migrants do have rights under European and international law but the fact that their entitlement to rights is being questioned poses a threat to human rights within Europe (Geddie, 2009, p 29). It has been suggested that the government is using destitution as a mechanism to send messages about the lack of support to deter asylum seekers and to pressure those who refuse to sign...

  17. NINE Human dignity, humiliation and social justice: beyond borders – re-imagining the asylum-migration-community nexus
    (pp. 247-264)

    This chapter highlights the profound importance of ‘understanding’ experiences of humiliation and mis-recognition experienced by those in the asylum-migration nexus and the importance of fostering human dignity and social justice globally and locally. Given the research documented and discussed in previous chapters, the following questions need to be addressed. How can we address the processes of ‘othering’, humiliation and subjugation experienced by people situated in the asylum-migration nexus? How can we foster processes of social justice that include mutual recognition, dignity and egalization in our institutions, policies and practices towards people seeking safety and refuge? The work of the HDHS...

  18. Bibliography
    (pp. 265-286)
  19. Index
    (pp. 287-294)
  20. Back Matter
    (pp. 295-295)