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Gendering citizenship in Western Europe

Gendering citizenship in Western Europe: New challenges for citizenship research in a cross-national context

Ruth Lister
Fiona Williams
Anneli Anttonen
Jet Bussemaker
Ute Gerhard
Jacqueline Heinen
Stina Johansson
Arnlaug Leira
Birte Siim
Constanza Tobío
with Anna Gavanas
Copyright Date: 2007
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt9qgzcn
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  • Book Info
    Gendering citizenship in Western Europe
    Book Description:

    This is a collectively written, inter-disciplinary, thematic cross-national study which combines conceptual, theoretical, empirical and policy material in an ambitious and innovative way to explore a key concept in contemporary European political, policy and academic debates. The first part of the book clarifies the various ways that the concept of citizenship has developed historically and is understood today in a range of Western European welfare states. It elaborates on the contemporary framing of debates and struggles around citizenship. This provides a framework for three policy studies, looking at: migration and multiculturalism; the care of young children; and home-based childcare and transnational dynamics. The book is unusual in weaving together the topics of migration and childcare and in studying these issues together within a gendered citizenship framework. It also demonstrates the value of a multi-level conceptualisation of citizenship, stretching from the domestic sphere through the national and European levels to the global. The book is aimed at students of social policy, sociology, European studies, women's studies and politics and at researchers/scholars/policy analysts in the areas of citizenship, gender, welfare states and migration.

    eISBN: 978-1-84742-237-8
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. iii-iii)
  3. List of authors
    (pp. iv-iv)
  4. Introduction
    (pp. 1-14)

    Citizenship links the individual with the collective. This book too is the work of individual researchers who have worked collectively as an international team. The outcome is therefore not the more usual edited collection in which authors of individual chapters work with an editor. Rather it is the product of a collaborative process of iteration in which authors responsible for individual chapters have drawn on material provided by the whole team and members of the team have discussed and commented on each chapter. This process has helped to illuminate some of the challenges faced in researching citizenship in a cross-national...

  5. Part One: Historical and cross-national perspectives

    • ONE Historical perspectives
      (pp. 17-46)

      As context matters, a cross-national European study of the meanings of the concept of citizenship must, first of all, take the distinctive historical backgrounds into account. Understandings of citizenship have not only changed over the course of time, but its multifaceted, different meanings also reflect both varied political and social histories and legal traditions and cultures in the respective European countries. When, in this chapter, special attention is paid to legal traditions and cultures as characteristic of particular trajectories of development, this is not intended as a reduction to a legal discourse; on the contrary, it is an attempt to...

    • TWO Vocabularies of citizenship since the 1970s
      (pp. 47-74)

      In this chapter, we describe and analyse the range of actors involved in contemporary citizenship debates. These actors include left-wing and right-wing politicians, feminist movements, trade unions and social movements more generally. They may adhere to more dominant and powerful discourses on citizenship or struggle with alternative formulations, attacking mainstream or defending former interpretations. For all these reasons, it is not clear a priori whether citizenship is a liberating or a disciplinary concept; in fact, as stated in the Introduction, it can be both, depending on who is using the concept, in what context, and with reference to which kinds...

  6. Part Two: Policy studies

    • THREE Gendered citizenship: migration and multiculturalism
      (pp. 77-108)

      Globalisation, European integration and migration pose new challenges for understanding citizenship from a transnational perspective. Since the 1990s the increase in migrants and refugees has sparked new political debates about multiculturalism and multicultural policies across Europe, debates which have, increasingly after 9/11, been coloured by Islamophobia.¹ These debates follow both similar and diverging paths in different European countries, all of which carry different legacies of colonialism, imperialism, and different histories of migration. In some, the debates about multiculturalism are new; in others, such as the UK, they revive and reshape debates of the 1960s following postwar immigration. Along with these...

    • FOUR Gendered citizenship: the care of young children
      (pp. 109-136)

      Since the 1990s, Western Europe has experienced a remarkable shift in political thinking about childcare. A profound politicisation of the relationship between the state and the family has generated renegotiations of the boundaries between public and private responsibilities in the care of young children. Parenting norms, parental responsibilities and relations are changing rapidly in many regions, while families and households are no longer expected to take full responsibility for the care of their children under school age. Policies aimed at reconciling paid work and childcare are accelerating these processes. With a special interest in the transformation of childcare – from private...

    • FIVE Gendered citizenship and home-based childcare: transnational dynamics
      (pp. 137-166)

      The previous chapters have examined changes in the perception and application of citizenship rights in relation to childcare provision and to migration and asylum. This chapter looks at what Chapter Four called the ‘transnational redistribution of care work’ – the ways migration and childcare intersect in the case of the private employment of migrant women as domestic and childcare workers in European households. This phenomenon has been referred to as ‘the global care chain’ (Ehrenreich and Hochschild, 2003) where women from poorer regions of the world migrate to care for the children and households of employed women in the West in...

  7. Conclusion
    (pp. 167-176)

    We have had two main objectives in writing this volume. The first, which originated in our longstanding collaboration in the research field of gendered citizenship, has been to explore the key challenges facing those who study citizenship in a cross-national context. The second has been to illustrate some of these challenges through an analysis of two important dimensions of gendered citizenship, which tend to be treated separately – care and migration – and to do so within a global context. In this brief conclusion we pull together a number of threads and raise some general issues for future research and policy making....

  8. References
    (pp. 177-200)
  9. Index
    (pp. 201-210)