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Research Report


Richard N. Kachule
Thabbie M.S. Chilongo
Copyright Date: Jun. 1, 2007
Pages: 37

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. i-i)
  2. (pp. ii-iii)
  3. (pp. iv-iv)
  4. (pp. v-v)
  5. (pp. vi-vi)
  6. (pp. 1-7)

    The agricultural sector in Malawi has a distinct dualistic structure characterized by estate and smallholder sub-sectors. This structure though inherited from the colonial era, was deliberately enforced in the post independence period through a number of policy or legislative frameworks governing production and marketing of agricultural inputs and produce. Some of the major regulatory frameworks include the Special Crops Act which gave the monopoly of producing high value cash crops to the estate sub-sector as a government central policy strategy for of managing its export oriented economic growth. As a result, Malawi’s agricultural sector saw the growth of tobacco, sugar...

  7. (pp. 8-10)

    A synthesis of input supply programmes (Kachule and Madola, 2006; Longley, et al., 2006) revealed that there have been numerous interventions ranging from relief- to development-oriented input supply systems within the smallholder sub-sector. A summary of these is presented in Table 1.

    Amongst these interventions, the government subsidy programme implemented during the 2005/06 and 2006/07 agricultural seasons have proved to have contributed to improved food security both at national and household levels. Apart from these interventions there have been no new approaches to getting the inputs to the poor communities. Questions that remain unanswered include:

    i. How sustainable are interventions...

  8. (pp. 11-24)

    From a regional perspective, Malawi is considered to have a medium-size seed market, larger than countries such as Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda but smaller than Zimbabwe and South Africa. Malawi’s total annual commercial seed sales—to and through--government and donor programs as well as direct to farmers through private markets were recently estimated at about $18-20 million versus $4 million for Uganda or Tanzania (IFDC and DAI, 2000). Malawi’s commercial seed sales are often inflated by government purchases for non-market distribution, which on the other hand depress direct retail sales to farmers. In recent years, Malawi’s farmers have relied on...

  9. (pp. 25-29)

    Anderson (1984) categorized policies as being substantive or procedural and defined substantive government policies as those that outline what the government intends to do through stated plans of action. Substantive policy is therefore a statement of intent for dealing with an issue requiring, or likely to require, the approval of the parliament, the cabinet or the Premier.

    On the other hand, Anderson defined procedural policies as a consideration of how something will be done and by whom, often within government agencies. Procedural policies concern internal operations, often in the form of departmental manuals, operating standards and technical operations.

    This section...

  10. (pp. 30-31)