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Research Report

The True Contribution of Agriculture to the Economic Development of Mozambique

Firmino G. Mucavele
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2009
Pages: 29
OPEN ACCESS
https://www.jstor.org/stable/resrep00680

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. 0-0)
  2. (pp. 1-1)
  3. (pp. 2-3)

    The “true contribution of agriculture to the economic development” is a theme of crucial importance for developing countries such as Mozambique. The choice of this theme for the FANRPAN Annual Multi stakeholder Dialogue places agriculture into the centre of development strategies perceived by SADC countries. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), a vision and a framework for Africa’s emancipation and Development prepared a Comprhensive Africa Agricultural Development Program (CAADP) which guide African countries to place agriculture in the centre of development strategies.

    The Dialogue is a flagship event that is held annually during the first week of September. This...

  4. (pp. 3-14)

    Mozambique is a large country with an area of about 799,380 km², around 2,400 km of coastline along the Indian Ocean, with 4,330 km of border with Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and South Africa. There are 11 provinces and 128 districts. The total area of arable land is estimated at around 36 million hectares, of which only about 9 million hectares are currently under cultivation (PROAGRI II, 2004, p. 27).

    The population of Mozambique of 21 million is growing about 2.6% per year, where 70% it is predominantly rural (2007 census). Agriculture is dominated by 3.2 million small scale...

  5. (pp. 15-19)

    The role of agriculture includes the:

    1. Supply of food to 80% of Mozambicans and it provides food security to the majority of population;

    2. Provision of employment to about 80% of population from which 50% are women;

    3. Supply of foreign earnings through export of agricultural produce;

    4. Supply of raw materials to agro-industries and other sectors of economy; and

    5. Capital accumulation.

    A large number of rural people derive their livelihood from agriculture and other related rural economic activities. It follows, therefore, that the most direct and effective means of raising standards of living and alleviating poverty, hunger and malnutrition is through increasing...

  6. (pp. 19-22)

    Agriculture plays an important role for economic development of Mozambique, Constraints to agricultural growth are numerous and risks and uncertainties are still a barrier to funding of agriculture. Mozambique suffered the 17-year war which destroyed the basic infrastructure and institutions. Rebuilding roads and bridges is now a priority and a necessary condition for any growth in the agriculture sector.

    The vast terrain and scattered and sparse population makes it all the more critical to ensure rural connectivity, but per capita investment costs are considerable and would have to be borne by the Government. The structural adjustment programs which dismantled state...

  7. (pp. 23-28)