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Research Report


Mwalimu Simfukwe
Masiye Nawiko
Hyde Haantuba
Copyright Date: Feb. 1, 2008
Pages: 35

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. None)
  2. (pp. ii-ii)
  3. (pp. iii-iii)
  4. (pp. iv-iv)
  5. (pp. v-v)
  6. (pp. vii-vii)
  7. (pp. 1-2)

    Zambia, with a population of 10.5 million people, has a sub-tropical climate and vegetation. An estimated 9 million hectares or 12% of its total land area is suitable for cultivation. The main agricultural activity of farmers is crop production, followed by poultry farming, livestock production and to a lesser extent, fish farming. Crops are a source of livelihood for many and it is a source of income through marketed produce. The most commonly grown crops are maize (70% of households), cassava (40%), groundnut (38%), and millets (18%).

    The country has been divided into three agro-ecological regions. Region I is characterized...

  8. (pp. 3-9)

    The selection of study areas was largely influenced by a recent evaluation of treadle pumps in Zambia (Mudenda & Hichaambwa, 2007) and the need to select two regions in Zambia with different agro-ecological conditions. For ease of questionnaire administration, samples of 100 were selected from one agricultural block in one district of each region. The level of concentration of USAID/OFDA/CLUSA treadle pumps was the main consideration in the selection of agricultural block. Altogether, the sample size of 200 households was achieved with 100 coming from one agricultural block in Ndola Rural and the other 100 from another agricultural achieved with 100...

  9. (pp. 10-25)

    The average age of the household head in Chongwe district was 43.3 years while that of Ndola Rural was 39.7 years, indicating a younger sampled group for Ndola Rural compared to Chongwe district. In both sampled regions, over 88% of adopters and non-adopters were married, while there was a higher percentage of divorced respondents among non-adopters than among adopters in Chongwe. Ndola Rural had a very low (about 1%) rate of divorced respondents among either adopters or non-adopters, although at p-value of less than 1%, this difference was not significant. Table 1 below has the rest of the details.


  10. (pp. 26-27)

    The two main conclusions are as follows:

    1. Adopters of treadle pumps are economically better-off than non-adopters, i.e., more food-secure and less vulnerable to falling back into poverty and hunger. This conclusion is consistent with findings elsewhere, including Malawi (Mangisoni 2006).

    2. However, there is no evident supply and maintenance system for maintaining the commercial and/or non-commercial distribution of treadle pumps and their spare parts. The observation is that almost the entire production, marketing, and distribution is donor-driven and the private sector’s presence along the supply chain is mostly donor-coerced and not business-motivated. Zambia is clearly missing an opportunity to achieve major...

  11. (pp. 28-28)