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Research Report

QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF DRIP IRRIGATION KITS IN ALLEVIATING FOOD SHORTAGES AND ITS SUCCESS IN ZIMBABWE:: A CASE STUDY OF GWERU AND BIKITA DISTRICTS

Francis T. Mugabe
Joseph Chivizhe
Chipo Hungwe
Copyright Date: Feb. 1, 2008
Pages: 62
OPEN ACCESS
https://www.jstor.org/stable/resrep00711

Table of Contents

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  1. (pp. None)
  2. (pp. ii-ii)
  3. (pp. iii-iii)
  4. (pp. iv-iv)
  5. (pp. v-v)
  6. (pp. vii-ix)
  7. (pp. 1-9)

    Zimbabwe is divided into five agro-ecological regions. These natural regions are a classification of the agricultural potential of the country, from Agro-ecological Natural Region I, which represents the high altitude wet areas, to Agro-ecological Natural Region V which receives low and erratic rainfall averaging 600 mm per annum (Vincent and Thomas, 1960).

    There are 170 communal lands, totalling 163,500 kmĀ² or 42% of Zimbabwe (Anderson, et al., 1993). About 75% of these communal lands are in Natural Regions IV and V and depend on rainfed crop production as the main source of their staple food. These semi-arid areas receive less...

  8. (pp. 10-17)

    Of the 53 districts that were given drip irrigation kits, Gweru and Bikita districts were chosen (Figure 2.1) for this study. They are both rural areas inhabited by smallholder farmers. Tenure in the districts, like all other communal areas in Zimbabwe, is ill defined. The state is the nominal owner of all the land, but defacto control frequently remains with traditional leaders and there is a strong sense of ownership of land the individuals owns (Moriarty and Lovell, 1998). There are two administrative systems, government and traditional. The government administrative system recognizes Provinces, Districts, Wards and Villages, while the traditional...

  9. (pp. 18-44)

    The dis-adopters are most likely those who were disgruntled about the small area covered by drip irrigation and would have most likely increased land under use in the garden. Interestingly, these dis-adopters tended to use buckets that were donated to them by the NGO at the same time they received drip kits. This is especially true for Bikita where beneficiaries received the drip kit, a bucket and packets of vegetable seed and fertilizers.

    Some farmers who benefited from the drip kit program insisted that they were still using the drip irrigation kit though they had actually abandoned using the kits....

  10. (pp. 45-49)

    The objectives of this study were to assess the impact and outcome of the drip irrigation program that was implemented by LEAD, financed by USAID/OFDA, through a number of implementing agencies in 53 districts of Zimbabwe, and to understand the main factors underlying success or lack thereof, of drip irrigation kits in order to derive lessons for designing future programs of this nature.

    Use of drip kit irrigation technology has received growing interest in Zimbabwe as a way of mitigating food shortages due to droughts. More than 70,000 low head drip irrigation kits have been distributed to smallholder farmers as...

  11. (pp. 50-53)