In Southern Africa, a variety of factors have played a key role in shifting conservation policy and practice away from state-controlled protectionism and towards CWM. These include:
The pressure to promote development by using wildlife in rural areas.
A lack of resources for law enforcement inside protected areas and the desire to conserve wildlife populations outside protected areas.
Pressure for land reform.
Political expediency and a recognition by governments that rural voters are important.
The model that has emerged entails:
Allowing communities access to natural resources from which they previously had been barred.
Sharing revenue from the use of natural...