In Indonesia, forest management and logging operations are regulated under the Indonesian Selective Cutting and Planting System (Sistem Tebang Pilih Tanam Indonesia/TPTI). RIL practices are recommended under TPTI; however, these are seldom applied in the field for numerous reasons, including:
1. Lack of regulatory control over harvesting practices.
2. Limited specificity in how to conduct RIL techniques.
3. Lack of understanding of the benefits of RIL.
4. Lack of understanding of the steps necessary to implement RIL and lack of specific technical skills.
There is general recognition that existing logging practices need to be improved to ensure a viable residual stand for the successive...