Unna Chokkalingam, Juan M. Pulhin, Antonio P. Carandang, Rose Jane J. Peras, Rodel D. Lasco and Mayumi Q. Natividad
The Philippines has had a large number of initiatives to rehabilitate� its degraded forest lands� over the last century (see Chapter II). These initiatives have evolved in response to changing socio-economic, environmental and political realities; and have varied in scale, objectives, actors involved, funding sources and institutional arrangements. However, the outcomes and long-term sustainability of the efforts have rarely been evaluated.
Since 1960, formal projects and private initiatives combined have supposedly rehabilitated more than 1.7 million ha, but little is known about their status (Esteban 2003, Chapter II). Some claim huge failures with nothing much to show on the ground...